2 AmmonificationAmmonification: Bacteria decomposers break down amino acids from dead animals and wastes into nitrogen ammonium.
3 AmmoniumAmmonium •Form of nitrogen contained in fertilizer •generated in soil by breakdown of organic matter
4 AtmosphereAtmosphere - layer of gasses around the earth
5 Carboncarbon - A non-metallic element found in coal, petroleum and natural gas. Major component of life.
6 Carbon CycleCarbon cycle - Circulation of carbon through ecosystems
7 Cellular respirationCellular respiration Process by which organisms create energy from sugar Glucose+ Oxygenà CO2+ H20+ Energy (ATP)
8 CondensationCondensation This is where warm and cold air collide and form ice crystals that condense and form droplets of water. Creates clouds in the air or fog on the ground.
9 Condensecondense - to change from a gas to a liquid
10 DecompositionDecomposition - breakdown of matter by bacteria and fungi
11 DenitrificationDenitrification converts nitrates (NO3) in the soil to atmospheric nitrogen (N2) replenishing the atmosphere. - removal of nitrogen or nitrogen compounds –Conversion of nitrogen to gaseous form
12 EvaporateEvaporate - to change from a liquid to a gas
13 EvaporationEvaporation - This is a process where the water is heated and turned into a water vapor. The sun is the main heat source for this process.
14 Fossil FuelsFossil fuels - Carbon-rich fuel from ancient animals and plants examples: coal, gas, oil
15 NitratesNitrates - different form of nitrogen •Found in plant nutrient and fertilizer •Animal feed, manures, and sewage Nitrification:
16 NitrificationNitrification - Nitrifying bacteria in the ground first combine ammonia with oxygen to form nitrites. Then another group of nitrifying bacteria convert nitrites to nitrates which green plants can absorb and use!
17 Nitrogennitrogen - Nitrogen is a non-metal, gaseous element
18 Nitrogen FixationNitrogen Fixation - is when the nitrogen gets “fixed” and combines with oxygen or hydrogen
19 PhotosynthesisPhotosynthesis - Process by which plants make sugar Energy (sun)+ Water+ Carbon dioxide Carbohydrates+ Oxygen
20 PrecipitationPrecipitation - When water droplets in clouds become to heavy and begin to fall Precipitation can be rain, hail, sleet or snow depending on the temperature and wind conditions
21 Respiration and decay -: •Mechanisms in which animal life and bacteria consume oxygen and release carbon dioxide
22 Percolation percolation - When water seeps through the soil and ends up in the water table. It then flows into the streams, lakes, oceans, and other bodies of water. The process is then repeated again and again.
23 TranspirationTranspiration - the process by which plants lose water through the stomata of their leaves
24 WeatheringWeathering - Physical and chemical process in which solid rock exposed at earths surface is changed to separate solid particles and dissolved materials