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Elements, Molecules, Compounds, and Mixtures

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Presentation on theme: "Elements, Molecules, Compounds, and Mixtures"— Presentation transcript:

1 Elements, Molecules, Compounds, and Mixtures
Matter Exploration Unit

2 What is an element? consists of only one kind of atom
cannot be broken down into a simpler type of matter by either physical or chemical means can exist as one atom of the element by itself ( 1 atom of Nitrogen) or together (2 atoms of Nitrogen)

3 Elements and Elements as Molecules
The element Argon The element Nitrogen as a molecule in the gas phase.

4 What is a molecule? A molecule is 2 or more atoms put together (bound together). May be made of the same or different atoms. Difficult to separate.

5 Compounds consists of atoms of two or more different elements bound together can be broken down into a simpler type of matter (elements) by chemical means (but not by physical means) has properties that are different from its component elements

6 This is the a molecule of the compound water (gas phase)
This is the a molecule of the compound water (gas phase). Oxygen atoms are red and Hydrogen atoms are white. What do you call the individual oxygen and hydrogen atoms?

7 Mixtures consists of two or more different elements and/or compounds physically intermingled can be separated into its components by physical means (sorting, sifting, using a magnet, changing density. Ex: From the video last week, how did they separate iron filings from sand?)

8 Microscopic view of a gaseous mixture containing two elements (argon and nitrogen) and a compound (water).

9 Element, Molecule, Compound, and/or Mixture?
How can the example be both an element and a molecule?

10 Check your answers: A. 2 Molecules of an element (4 atoms)
B. 2 Molecules of a compound (6 atoms) C. Mixture of 2 Molecules of 2 different elements D. 2 Molecules of 2 compounds E. 2 Molecules of an element F. Mixture of 2 Molecules: 1 compound and 1 element WHY are examples C and F mixtures and not all compounds?

11 Definition Example Picture Element Molecule Compound Mixture

12 Elements, Molecules, Compounds, and/or Mixtures?
How can an example be both a compound and a molecule?

13 Friday’s Activity How can we model elements, mixtures, compounds, and molecules? What are some materials we could use? Why do we need models?

14 Mini Marshmallow Lab If you are given the following materials, how could you model elements, compounds, mixtures, and molecules? What would each material represent? Mini Marshmallows of different colors (white, green, orange, pink, yellow) Toothpicks


16 Construction Step 1: CONSTRUCT 7 models of either elements, compounds, or mixtures with the materials (mini marshmallows, toothpicks, plastic bags, markers). Step 2: DRAW a ROUGH sketch of EACH model in your journals (use a legend and color code your models) after your build EACH model. You will reuse some atoms. Step 3: Answer analysis questions in your journal. Step 4: Clean up or store materials.

17 Lab Rules 1. Wait for teacher instruction before touching lab materials. ALWAYS! 2. No horseplay! (Do not eat or throw the materials) 3. Clear your desk and make room for only the materials you need. 4. If in groups, share responsibilities of task. No putdowns, either. 5. When finished, return materials to their correct place.

18 Consequences Immediately removed from your group and assigned to write a 2 page paper on how molecules affect your daily life. Participation points will be taken away.

19 Exit Slip Answer in your journal:
1. What are we doing for the Lab activity in Friday’s class? 2. What are the main Lab rules? 3. What are the consequences of not following the Lab or classroom rules? 4. What cooperative learning skills are important for this activity?

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