Presentation on theme: "Requirements and recommendations for sustainability Emmi Jozsa Senior Advisor Sustainability Swedish Energy Agency."— Presentation transcript:
Requirements and recommendations for sustainability Emmi Jozsa Senior Advisor Sustainability Swedish Energy Agency
EU institutions DG ENER: Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and in the future Directive for solid and gaseous fuels DG CLIMA: Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) DG ENTP: Future regulations on biobased products DG AGRI: SFM criteria in EU Forest strategy
Directive 2009/28/EG (RED) EU targets 2020 and 2030: 20 % (27%) renewable energy 20% (40%) greenhouse gas reduction 20% energy efficiency Binding targets for Sweden: 49 % renewable energy 10 % renewables in transport
Indirect effects from land use change (ILUC) ILUC negotiations since 2013 Final agreement reached in council may 2014 Negotiations with parliament fall 2014 –7% first gen biofuels –0,5% non binding sub quota for second gen biofuels that double count –2,5 count electricity in rail transport, 5 count electricity in road transport Annex IV positive list for double counted materials
Sustainability for solid and gaseous fuels RED art 17.9 report on solid and gaseous fuels 2010 COM report with recommendations for sustainability 31 Dec 2011 report on trade barriers Aug 2013 leaked directive proposal in line with RED Summer 2014 report on recommendations for sustainability in line with EU forest strategy
Sustainability for biobased products DG ENTR: The European Commission stresses the need for environmental and other sustainability criteria for European standards and other standardization deliverables to be considered by taking into account that final end products might be made up of a mix of bio-based and non bio-based components. The first criteria for sustainability were laid down by the EC in the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC), but are only obligatory for biofuels and bioliquids. Discussion on indirect land-use effects on one hand and regarding availability of biomass for the greater biobased economy on the other hand, might lead to a further need for harmonization and for presenting evidence that biobased products are from sustainable renewable origin.
Sustainability for biobased products Sustainability requirements in mandated standard –ISO 13065 (draft DIS) No proposal for directive, possibly in Public Procurement / Eco-labelling
EU Forest Strategy Adopted on 20/9/2013 by the Commission (DG AGRI, ENVI, ENTR, CLIMA, ENER och RTD) Submitted to Council and Parliament Presented at the Council of Ministers of Agriculture on 23/9/2013 by Commissioner Ciolos 29/4/2014 Council Working party on Forestry reached agreement on Council conclusions adopted by the Council 19/5/2014
EU Forest Strategy To ensure and demonstrate that all forests in the EU are managed according to sustainable forest management principles and that the EU’s contribution to promoting sustainable forest management and reducing deforestation at global level is strengthened, thus: –contributing to balancing various forest functions, meeting demands, and delivering vital ecosystem services –providing a basis for forestry and the whole forest- based value chain to be competitive and viable contributors to the bio-based economy
EU Forest Strategy, CCs para 22 on SFM criteria The Council] recalls existing SFM criteria and indicators developed by Forest Europe, and stresses that full advantage should be taken of these in applying them to different policy contexts. These criteria and indicators, the relevant policies, regulations and tools in place at EU, Member State or regional levels, and also the ecological, social and economic differences between Member States, The market-based tools for promoting sustainably produced forest products, such as certification schemes, as well as the situation of small forest holders should be taken into account when further analysing, applying and, only if needed, adapting criteria and indicators for SFM.”
EU Forest strategy – next steps 6 pan-European criteria, 52 indicators (35 qualitative, 17 quantitative) Instruments for following trends in forestry Expert group for further development of SFM tools 4-5 June 2014 (Forest Europe, 46 signatories incl. COM, Russia, Turkey etc.) work to further development of SFM tools – to be brought to the forest ministers in the pan- European region
EU Forest Strategy – next steps Commission’s Standing Forestry Committee – ad hoc working group to be set up with MS and stakeholders. 1 st meeting 11 June 2014 deliver report by December 2014 What will be the output? An analysis, basis for poss. systemic assurance of SFM, guidelines or recommendations on sustainable forest management?
Conclusions Sustainability requirements/recommendations for forest Imperative that the same criteria and indicators apply, regardless of end use Do not discriminate between different parts of a tree (bio refinery principle)