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 OM  2 OM Processes  2 N Processes  3 Sinks  4 losses  5 additions.

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Presentation on theme: " OM  2 OM Processes  2 N Processes  3 Sinks  4 losses  5 additions."— Presentation transcript:

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2  OM  2 OM Processes  2 N Processes  3 Sinks  4 losses  5 additions

3  Central point of the Nitrogen Cycle  In an acre furrow slice 1000 lbs N per 1% OM  A continuous flow of N into and out of OM.

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5  Immobilization › NO 3 and NH 4 tied up into OM  Mineralization › OM decomposed into NO 3 and NH 4  High Carbon (straw)= Immobilization  Low Nitrogen (alfalfa) = Mineralization

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7  Amminization and Ammonification › OM converted to NH 4  Nitrification › NH 4 converter to NO 3  Ammonium + charge and Immobile  Nitrate – charge and mobile

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9  Large Amounts of Nitrogen located in these pools. › Atmosphere : 78% N in the form of the diatomic gas N 2 › Nitrate Pool › Microbial Sink

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11  Leaching › NO 3 – follows water flow.  Ammonia Volatilization › NH 4 at a pH >7 H is stripped off and NH 3 (gas) formed.  Denitrification › NO 3 in waterlogged soil. Microbes strip O off  Plant Loss › NO 3 and NH 4 converted to NH 3 in plant, in stress NH 3 gassed off.

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14  Lightning and Rainfall  Biological N Fixation  Decomposition  Industrial Fixation  Fertilization

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16  Organic Matter is the Driver  Annual N need is determined by Mineralization and Immobilization  Environment, temp and rainfall, drives Mineralization and Immobilization

17  Understanding Inhibitors › Urease and Nitrification  Fields had High N in October and N deficient by Dec.

18  Organic-N: N that is bound in organic material in the form of amino acids and proteins.  Mineral-N: N that is not bound in organic material, examples are ammonium and nitrate-N  Ammonia: A gaseous form of N (NH3).  Ammonium: A positively charged ion of N (NH4+).  Diatomical-N: N in the atmosphere (N2)  Nitrate-N: A negatively charged ion of N (NO3-).  Mineralization : The release of N in the inorganic form (ammonia) from organic bound N. As organic matter is decayed ammonia quickly reacts with soil water to form ammonium, thus the first measurable product of mineralization is  usually ammonium-N.  Immobilization: Assimilation of inorganic N (NH4+and NO3- ) by microorganisms.  Nitrification: Oxidation of ammonium N to nitrate N by autotrophic microorganisms in an aerobic environment.  Denitrification: Reduction of nitrate N to nitrous oxide (N2O) or diatomical N gases by heterotrophic microorganisms in an anaerobic environment.  Autotrophic: A broad class of microorganisms that obtains its energy from the oxidation of inorganic compounds (or sunlight) and carbon from carbon dioxide.  Heterotrophic: A broad class of microorganisms that obtains its energy and carbon from preformed organic nutrients.  Volatilization: Loss of gaseous N from soil, usually after N has been transformed from ionic or non-gaseous chemical forms.

19 Brian Arnall 373 Ag Hall Presentation YouTube Channel : OSUNPK


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