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COMPARATIVE MODEL PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF CMAQ-VISTAS, CMAQ-MADRID, AND CMAQ-MADRID-APT FOR A NITROGEN DEPOSITION ASSESSMENT OF THE ESCAMBIA BAY, FLORIDA.

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Presentation on theme: "COMPARATIVE MODEL PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF CMAQ-VISTAS, CMAQ-MADRID, AND CMAQ-MADRID-APT FOR A NITROGEN DEPOSITION ASSESSMENT OF THE ESCAMBIA BAY, FLORIDA."— Presentation transcript:

1 COMPARATIVE MODEL PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF CMAQ-VISTAS, CMAQ-MADRID, AND CMAQ-MADRID-APT FOR A NITROGEN DEPOSITION ASSESSMENT OF THE ESCAMBIA BAY, FLORIDA WATERSHED 6 th Annual CMAS Conference Chapel Hill, NC 1-3 October 2007 Presented by Jay Haney ICF International, San Rafael, CA

2 Co-Authors: Sharon Douglas Tom Myers Justin Walters John Jansen Krish Vijayaraghavan AER Project sponsored by Southern Co. ICF Southern Company

3 Background/Objectives Atmospheric deposition of nitrogen is a source of contamination in Escambia Watershed Air quality modeling performed to estimate change in nitrogen deposition in watershed due to controls at a local EGU as part of larger combined air/water quality modeling analysis Objective for this part of study: Assess the ability of air quality models to replicate observed gaseous and particulate concentrations and wet and dry deposition

4 Air Quality Models Used: Based on CMAQ CMAQ-VISTAS: CB-IV, AERO4, modified SOA by VISTAS CMAQ-MADRID: Sectional representation of particle size distribution as opposed to modal for CMAQ CMAQ-MADRID-APT: “Advanced plume treatment” based on SCIPUFF with CHEMistry – SCICHEM

5 Air Quality Modeling Databases Meteorological inputs: VISTAS 2002 inputs from RPO modeling analysis Emissions : CMAQ-VISTAS: Base_G1 MADRID & APT: Base_F Domain: 12-km ALGA, subset of VISTAS domain centered on Alabama & Georgia Annual simulations for 2002

6 CMAQ ALGA Subdomain/ Escambia Watershed CMAQ ALGA Subdomain Escambia Watershed Plant Crist

7 Air Quality Data Used in Evaluation SEARCH: Hourly gaseous and 3-day speciated PM2.5 concentrations IMPROVE: 3-day speciated PM2.5 concentrations CASTNET: Weekly particulate concentrations and derived dry deposition based on concentration/ambient conditions NADP: Weekly particulate concentrations and wet deposition

8 Model Performance Measures Mean bias, normalized bias, fractional bias, mean error, normalized gross error, and fractional gross error Paired for appropriate time interval Statistics calculated using daily averages, except for CASTNET and NADP weekly measurements Statistics calculated for all sites/species in ALGA domain with focus on sites near Escambia watershed

9 Location of SEARCH and CASTNET Sites in CMAQ Subdomain SEARCH SitesCASTNET Sites

10 Location of IMPROVE and NADP Sites in CMAQ Subdomain IMPROVE SitesNADP Sites

11 Results for Gaseous Species: SO2 for SEARCH Sites

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13 Results for Gaseous Species: HNO 3 for SEARCH Sites

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15 Gaseous Species Summary For SO2, all models slightly underestimate concs nearby (evidence of differences between MADRID and APT in Atlanta area) For HNO3, all models consistently overestimate at nearby sites For NO2, all models do well and for NO, all models underestimate, but these are typically not major contributors to nitrogen deposition

16 Results for Particulate Species: NO 3 for SEARCH Sites

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18 Results for Particulate Species: NH4 for SEARCH Sites

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20 Particulate Species Summary For nitrate, CMAQ better simulates mean conc. but fractional bias and error are lower for MADRID and APT at nearby sites For ammonium, all models show consistent underestimation at nearby sites, and overestimation at BHM and ATL

21 Results for Dry Deposition: NO 3 for CASTNET Sites

22 Results for Dry Deposition: NH4 for CASTNET Sites

23 Results for Dry Deposition: HNO3 for CASTNET Sites

24 Results for Wet Deposition: NO 3 for NADP Sites

25 Results for Wet Deposition: NH4 for NADP Sites

26 Dry Deposition Summary For nitrate and ammonium dry deposition, all models show consistent gross underestimation For HNO3 dry deposition, all models show consistent overestimation, with MADRID and APT showing more overestimation than CMAQ With HNO3 higher than NO3 (simulated and observed), net result is that all models overestimate dry deposition of nitrates Dry deposition estimates complicated by potential differences in meteorology used for data vs. model

27 Wet Deposition Summary Models do better in simulating wet deposition and are consistent in underestimating wet deposition at nearby sites Larger differences seen between models: effects of plume-in-grid treatment for APT?

28 Summary and Key Findings Results are mixed: none of the models stand out as better performing Greatest contributor to nitrogen deposition is dry deposition of HNO3, followed by wet deposition of nitrate (all forms) Simulated net wet deposition of nitrogen is lower than observed while simulated net dry deposition is higher, so total loading of nitrogen in domain may be adequately simulated

29 Summary and Key Findings Dry deposition monitoring not available in Escambia watershed, so performance may not be representative Deposition output from all three models was used in water quality modeling assessment


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