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PROBLEMS IN GASEOUS HYDRODYNAMICS MICHAŁ RÓŻYCZKA NICOLAUS COPERNICUS ASTRONOMICAL CENTER WARSAW, POLAND PLANETARY NEBULAE AS ASTRONOMICAL TOOLS GDAŃSK,

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Presentation on theme: "PROBLEMS IN GASEOUS HYDRODYNAMICS MICHAŁ RÓŻYCZKA NICOLAUS COPERNICUS ASTRONOMICAL CENTER WARSAW, POLAND PLANETARY NEBULAE AS ASTRONOMICAL TOOLS GDAŃSK,"— Presentation transcript:

1 PROBLEMS IN GASEOUS HYDRODYNAMICS MICHAŁ RÓŻYCZKA NICOLAUS COPERNICUS ASTRONOMICAL CENTER WARSAW, POLAND PLANETARY NEBULAE AS ASTRONOMICAL TOOLS GDAŃSK,

2 1. THE TEMPLATE: 2. PIECES OF THE PUZZLE: TALK PLAN THE GENERIC NEBULA...AND SOME EXTRA FLAVOURS INTRODUCTION: 1-D HYDRO 2-D WORLD 3-D WORLD SMALL-SCALE FEATURES MHD

3 THE TEMPLATE THE GENERIC NEBULA

4 SPHERICAL HALO ORDERLY RINGS A BIG MESS INSIDE THE GENERIC NEBULA... VERY HOT GAS („HOT CAVITY”)

5 THE TEMPLATE EXTRA FLAVOURS

6 SOME EXTRA FLAVOURS HOT CAVITY TADPOLES

7 SOME EXTRA FLAVOURS WAVES BIPOLAR LOBES

8 SOME EXTRA FLAVOURS POINT SYMMETRY

9 SOME EXTRA FLAVOURS MULTIPOLAR OUTFLOWS

10 SOME EXTRA FLAVOURS FLIERS

11 SOME EXTRA FLAVOURS ANSAE

12 JETS DISKS SOME EXTRA FLAVOURS

13 BRETS BIPOLAR ROTATING EPISODIC JETS

14 SOME EXTRA FLAVOURS HUBBLE FLOW (v ~ R) BIPOLAR LOBES

15 PIECES OF THE PUZZLE INTRODUCTION: 1-D HYDRO

16 INTRODUCTION: 1-D HYDRO forward shock contact surface reverse shock shocked wind 1 shocked wind 2 free wind 1 free wind 2 CONTACT SURFACE FRAME forward shock contact surface reverse shock shocked wind 1 shocked wind 2 free wind 1 free wind 2 CONTACT SURFACE FRAME forward shock contact surface reverse shock shocked wind 1 shocked wind 2 free wind 1 free wind 2 FREE WIND 2 FRAME (=AMBIENT MEDIUM FRAME)

17 free fast wind shocked fast wind free AGB wind shocked AGB wind forward shock reverse shock contact surface INTRODUCTION: 1-D HYDRO

18 Balick, B. & Frank, A. 2002; ARAA 40, 439..

19 INTRODUCTION: 1-D HYDRO Balick, B. & Frank, A. 2002; ARAA 40, 439..

20 INTRODUCTION: 1-D HYDRO RS CS FS

21 PIECES OF THE PUZZLE 2-D WORLD

22 2-D WORLD: BASICS  ROTATION BINARY INTERACTIONS MAGNETIC FIELDS Icke V. 1988; A&A 202, 177 FOR SMALL DEPARTURES FROM SPHERICAL SYMMETRY:

23 reverse shock forward shock contact surface shocked AGB wind free AGB wind shocked fast wind free fast wind 2-D WORLD: BASICS

24 OBLIQUE SHOCK shocked wind 2 free wind 2 SHOCK FRAME 2-D WORLD: OBLIQUE SHOCKS

25 2-D WORLD: SHAPING - BIPOLARS Garcia-Segura,G. et al. 1999; ApJ 517, p.767 M slow =10 -5 M  /yr. M fast =10 -7 M  /yr. q = 0.1 v eq v pl V pl / V eq = 3

26 2-D WORLD: BREAKOUT

27 2-D WORLD: COLLIMATION, JETS-I Blandford, R. & Rees, M. 1974; MNRAS 169, 395 Norman, M., Smarr, L., Smith, M., & Wilson, J. 1981; ApJ 247, 52

28 Frank, A. & Mellema, G. 1996; ApJ 472, D WORLD: COLLIMATION, JETS-I 3 M w = M  /yr V w = 200 km/s adiabatic. RS CS FS

29 Frank, A. & Mellema, G. 1996; ApJ 472, D WORLD: COLLIMATION, JETS-I M w = M  /yr V w = 200 km/s adiabatic q = 70.

30 Frank, A. & Mellema, G. 1996; ApJ 472, D WORLD: COLLIMATION, JETS-I

31 2-D WORLD: COLLIMATION, JETS-II

32 forward shock reverse shock contact surface 2-D WORLD: COLLIMATION, JETS-II  T

33

34 PIECES OF THE PUZZLE 3-D WORLD

35 a = 2.4 AUa = 12.6 AU RG star: M * =1M  ; R * =0.7 AU secondary: M * =0.6 M  RG wind: M  /yr fast wind: M  /yr; 10 3 km/s 3-D WORLD: BINARY, DENSE WIND SHAPING Gawryszczak, A., Mikołajewska, J. & Różyczka, M. 2002; A&A 385, 205

36 3-D WORLD: BINARY, DENSE WIND SHAPING Gawryszczak, A., Mikołajewska, J. & Różyczka, M. 2002; A&A 385, 205

37 Courtesy: Doris Folini & Rolf Walder 3-D WORLD: BINARY, DISK FORMATION RW Hya RED GIANT: M=1.6M , R=10 13 cm, M=10 -7 M  /yr WHITE DWARF: M=0.48 M , a=210 13 cm.

38 3-D WORLD: BINARY, DENSE WIND SHAPING SYMBIOTIC BINARY COOL STAR: M=1.4M , R=10 13 cm, M=310 -8 M  /yr HOT STAR: M=0.6 M , a=310 13 cm, M=410 -9 M  /yr.. HIGH LOW Courtesy: Doris Folini & Rolf Walder

39 3-D WORLD: BINARY, COMMON ENVELOPE EVOLUTION Movies by Eric Sandquist; red giant: 1 M  with a 0.45 M  core companion: 0.35 M 

40 3-D WORLD: BINARY, COMMON ENVELOPE EVOLUTION Eric Sandquist;

41 3-D WORLD: BINARY, COMMON ENVELOPE EVOLUTION De Marco, O. Et al. 2003; RevMexAA S.Conf. 18, days170 days 2310 days3250 days AGB star core 0.56 M  envelope 0.69 M  radius 1.85 AU companion mass 0.1 M  timesscale 9 yr mass lost 4 % AGB star core 0.56 M  envelope 0.69 M  radius 1.85 AU companion mass 0.1 M  synchronous timesscale 9 yr mass lost 25 % AGB star core 0.60 M  envelope 0.44 M  radius 3.00 AU companion mass 0.1 M  timesscale 18 yr mass lost 84 %

42 PIECES OF THE PUZZLE SMALL-SCALE FEATURES

43 SMALL-SCALE FEATURES: COOLING INSTABILITY  ~T -0.7 Gaetz,T. & Salpeter, E. 1983; ApJS 52, 155

44 SMALL-SCALE FEATURES: COOLING INSTABILITY; R-T INSTABILITY Movie: courtesy Doris Folini & Rolf Walder

45 SMALL-SCALE FEATURES: RAYLEIGH-TAYLOR INSTABILITY Movie: courtesy ASC / Alliances Center for Astrophysical Thermonuclear Flashes g lighter fluid denser fluid density schematic: simulation time: 3.1 sec density range: 0.5 – 2.5 g/cm 3

46 isotropic thermal pressure nonisotropic ram pressureSMALL-SCALE FEATURES: THIN SHELL INSTABILITY I Vishniac, E. 1983; ApJ 274, 152

47 SMALL-SCALE FEATURES: THIN SHELL INSTABILITY I shocked AGB wind shocked fast wind free AGB wind forward shock

48 SMALL-SCALE FEATURES: THIN SHELL INSTABILITY II Vishniac, E. 1994; ApJ 428, 186 nonisotropic ram pressure

49 SPHERICAL SYMMETRY: IONIZATION INSTABILITIES (?) SPHERICAL SYMMETRY: RAYLEIGH-TAYLOR INSTABILITY AXIAL SYMMETRY: KELVIN-HELMHOLTZ INSTABILITY SMALL-SCALE FEATURES: THIN SHELL INSTABILITY II Movie: courtesy Doris Folini & Rolf Walder

50 SMALL-SCALE FEATURES: THIN SHELL INSTABILITY II John Blondin

51 SMALL-SCALE FEATURES: IONIZED SHELL INSTABILITY Garcia-Segura,G. & Franco, J. 1996; ApJ 469, p.171

52 SMALL-SCALE FEATURES: IONIZED SHELL INSTABILITY Garcia-Segura,G. et al. 1999; ApJ 517, p.767 M slow =10 -5 M  /yr. M fast =10 -7 M  /yr. F ion =10 46 /s

53 PIECES OF THE PUZZLE MHD

54 MHD: WEAK FIELD, TOROIDAL PINCH ON RADIATIVELY DRIVEN WIND Różyczka, M. & Franco, J. 1996; ApJ 469, p.L127 ( B(2R * ) = 2G )

55 Różyczka, M. & Franco, J. 1996; ApJ 469, p.L127 MHD: WEAK FIELD, TOROIDAL PINCH ON RADIATIVELY DRIVEN WIND

56 Różyczka, M. & Franco, J. 1996; ApJ 469, p.L127 MHD: WEAK FIELD, TOROIDAL PINCH ON MAGNETICALLY DRIVEN WIND M * = 1 M  R * = 4.5 AU spherical wind M w = M  /yr at R * toroidal field of 0.1, 1 or 5 G

57 MHD: STRONG FIELD; „MAGNETIC EXPLOSION” Matt, S. 2003; arXiv:astro-ph/ dipole field anchored in the core; envelope ejected if v * v A v e −2 > 0.1 to match pPNe fields of 10 5 –10 8 G are needed

58 MHD: STRONG FIELD; „MAGNETIC EXPLOSION” Matt, S. 2003; arXiv:astro-ph/ dipole field anchored in the core; envelope ejected if v * v A v e −2 > 0.1 to match pPNe fields of 10 5 –10 8 G are needed

59 C. Fendt MHD: JETS FROM LARGE-SCALE POLOIDAL FIELD B  v 2 B  v 2

60 MHD: JETS FROM LARGE-SCALE POLOIDAL FIELD Kuwabara, T. et al. 2005; ApJ 621, 921

61 MHD: JETS FROM INTERNAL POLOIDAL FIELD Kudoh, T., Matsumoto, R. & Shibata, K. 2002; PASJ 54, 267

62 MHD: JETS FROM INTERNAL POLOIDAL FIELD Kudoh, T., Matsumoto, R. & Shibata, K. 2002; PASJ 54, 267


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