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Directive 97/68/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants.

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Presentation on theme: "Directive 97/68/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants."— Presentation transcript:

1 Directive 97/68/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion (Compression Ignition and spark ignition) engines to be installed in non-road mobile machinery, inland waterway vessels and railway applications. European Commission DG Enterprise

2 NON ROAD MOBILE MACHINERY

3 Definition of Non-Road Mobile Machinery Non-Road Mobile Machinery shall mean any mobile machine, transportable industrial equipment or vehicle with or without body work, not intended for the use of passenger- or gods-transport on the road, in which an internal combustion engine as specified in Annex I section 1 is installed.

4 The amendments in Directive 2004/26/EC made the emission limit values for gaseous and particulate emissions more stringent and extended the scope of the Directive. The amendments in Directive 2004/26/EC made the emission limit values for gaseous and particulate emissions more stringent and extended the scope of the Directive. – Engines intended for inland waterways vessels and locomotives and railcars was added to the scope. European Commission policy is to encourage a shift of transport away from roads and towards other more environmentally friendly modes including inland shipping. Thus, these modes must address their own environmental impact, and the present directive is a part of that. – The upper power limit of 560 kW for the propulsion engines in rail applications and vessels was been removed.

5 The 2004/26/EC includes Stage III and IV limit values which will be implemented in three steps, III A, III B and IV between 2006 and 2014 depending on size and application of the engine. The 2004/26/EC includes Stage III and IV limit values which will be implemented in three steps, III A, III B and IV between 2006 and 2014 depending on size and application of the engine. For ”normal” landbased NRMM the engines have to comply with stage IIIA, IIIB and stage IV. Railcars and locomotives have to comply with stage IIIA and III B. Engines for inland waterway vessels have to comply with stage IIIA. For ”normal” landbased NRMM the engines have to comply with stage IIIA, IIIB and stage IV. Railcars and locomotives have to comply with stage IIIA and III B. Engines for inland waterway vessels have to comply with stage IIIA.

6 Stage IIIA – covering only gaseous pollutants – about 30% NOx emission reduction comparing to stage II. – Will enter into force between 31 Dec 2005 and 31 Dec 2007 depending on size of the engine and application – Limits are equivalent to the corresponding legislation in USA – Covering propulsion engines for railcars/locomotives and Inland waterway vessels ( main engines, bow propellers etc.)

7 Stage IIIB – covering particulate emissions – 90 % reduction of particulate matter emission from engine comparing to stage II – Will enter into force between 31 Dec 2010 and 31 Dec 2011 – to meet the limits, engines with current technology will need after treatment devices, which require low sulphur fuel – Covering propulsion engines in railcars and locomotives. – Propulsion engines for Inland waterway vessels are for the moment excluded from stage III B

8 Stage IV Stage IV Covering nitrous gaseous emissions Covering nitrous gaseous emissions 80 % reduction of nitrous gaseous emission from engine comparing to stage III B 80 % reduction of nitrous gaseous emission from engine comparing to stage III B Will enter into force between 31 Dec 2013 and 31 Sept 2014 Will enter into force between 31 Dec 2013 and 31 Sept 2014 Total harmonization with the US TIER IV will be achieved Total harmonization with the US TIER IV will be achieved Propulsion engines for Inland waterway vessels and railcars/locomotives are excluded from stage IV Propulsion engines for Inland waterway vessels and railcars/locomotives are excluded from stage IV

9 Type approval of engines Manufacturers perform the testing of the engine or engine families under supervision of a notified technical service. Manufacturers perform the testing of the engine or engine families under supervision of a notified technical service. A Notified Body (authority) in a memberstate authorize the type approval for the engine or the engine families. A Notified Body (authority) in a memberstate authorize the type approval for the engine or the engine families. Each engine are supplied with an approval document when it is placed on the market. Each engine are supplied with an approval document when it is placed on the market. Changes can not be made once the engine is approved and placed on the market. Only the manufacturer can make changes and have to apply for an extended type approval from the authority. Changes can not be made once the engine is approved and placed on the market. Only the manufacturer can make changes and have to apply for an extended type approval from the authority.

10 Global alignment The Directive is globally aligned - it has been closely discussed with authorities and industry in Europe, USA (in particular with EPA) and Japan. The Directive is globally aligned - it has been closely discussed with authorities and industry in Europe, USA (in particular with EPA) and Japan. US-EPA has presented a corresponding legislation, the TIER IV, in April last year and plan to have the legislation in phase with EU. US-EPA has presented a corresponding legislation, the TIER IV, in April last year and plan to have the legislation in phase with EU. Stage III A corresponds to the US Tier III Stage III A corresponds to the US Tier III Stage III B corresponds to US-EPA first phase of Tier IV Stage III B corresponds to US-EPA first phase of Tier IV Stage IV corresponds to US-EPA second phase of TIER IV Stage IV corresponds to US-EPA second phase of TIER IV

11 Technical review A technical review of the directive is planned in The emission reduction systems, global alignment and the progress of the Research and Development by the manufacturers will be studied for the possibility for further stage of emission reductions. Also in-use-compliance, cycle beating and other areas of interest for future reduction of gaseous and particulates emissions will be investigated.

12 Technical review requirements Directives Directives – 2002/88/EC – 2004/26/EC require the Commission to deliver reports and eventually proposals on costs, benefits and feasibility of different requirements – 2005/13/EC requires agricultural tractors to be considered as part of the 2004/26/EC TR These requirements have been unified These requirements have been unified

13 The technical assistance with the review work will be carried out by DG JRC in close cooperation with the engine and equipment manufacturers and some Member States. The technical assistance with the review work will be carried out by DG JRC in close cooperation with the engine and equipment manufacturers and some Member States. The list of tasks to be carried out by the industry and the Commission will be finalised during the spring The list of tasks to be carried out by the industry and the Commission will be finalised during the spring Some work like In Use Compliance systems will be developed over a longer time period. Some work like In Use Compliance systems will be developed over a longer time period.

14 Under article 2 of directive 2004/26 Under article 2 of directive 2004/26 Subject 5 – Railcars and locomotives – Test cycles Analysis Tests at JRC Tests at JRC Comments Comments – Refer to latest edition of ISO for the test cycles

15 Tests at JRC Tests at JRC – Typical operation record and on-site emission measurements for emissions inventory, if relevant. – Emissions evaluation on engine test bench (engine manufacturers) Comments Comments – Interaction with DG TREN – Needs support for supplying and testing of locomotive engines from manufacturers; – Needs input from manufacturers for cost/benefit analysis – Link with US EPA

16 REPORT AND PROPOSAL The Commission is required to present a report in the end of 2007 to European Parliament and to Council on the results of the technical review. The conclusions of the report will determine whether the Commission will make a proposal to amend the Directive or not. The Commission is required to present a report in the end of 2007 to European Parliament and to Council on the results of the technical review. The conclusions of the report will determine whether the Commission will make a proposal to amend the Directive or not. Please note that a proposal should be accompanied by an impact assessment according to better regulation principals. Please note that a proposal should be accompanied by an impact assessment according to better regulation principals.

17 A better and sustainable environment, for us and for the following generations.


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