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Bio Boot Camp Biochemistry. Carbon Covalent bond.

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Presentation on theme: "Bio Boot Camp Biochemistry. Carbon Covalent bond."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bio Boot Camp Biochemistry

2 Carbon

3 Covalent bond

4 Carbon double bond

5 Carbon (and nitrogen) triple bond

6 Carbon Chains Branched chain

7 Carbon rings

8 Carbon variety

9 Monomer and Polymer

10 Monomers are like legos… You can put them together in whatever way you dream up!

11 Condensation reaction

12 Carbohydrate One saccharide, the monomer of a carbohydrate

13 Carbohydrate polymers

14 Cellulose

15

16

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21

22 Glycogen use and storage

23 Lipids

24 Cell membrane phospholipids

25 Protein

26 Nucelic acid

27 Catalyst Speeds up chemical reactions

28 Enzyme

29 pH

30 Temperature

31 Concentration

32 Nucleus

33 Ribosome

34 Ribosomes role on ribosometranslation on ribosome

35 RER and Vesicles

36 Golgi incoming and outgoing

37 Rough ER and Golgi

38 Two molecules join together to make a macromolecule with the removal of water. This type of reaction is called? A. Glycolysis B. Hydrolysis C. Photosynthesis D. Dehydration synthesis.

39 A scientist observed that, when the pH of the environment surrounding an enzyme is changed the rate the enzyme catalyzes a reaction greatly decreases. Which statement best describes how a change in pH can affect an enzyme? A. A pH change can cause the enzyme to change its shape B. A pH change can remove energy necessary to activate an enzyme C. A pH change can add new molecules to the structures of the enzyme D. A pH change can cause an enzyme to react with a different substrate.

40 Substance A is converted to substance B in a metabolic reaction. Which statement best describes the role of an enzyme during this reaction? A. It adjusts the pH of the reaction medium B. It provides energy to carry out the reaction C. It dissolves substance A in the reaction medium D. It speeds up the reaction without being consumed.

41 Carbohydrates and proteins are two types of macromolecules. Which functional characteristic of proteins distinguished them from carbohydrates? A. Large amounts of stored information B. Ability to catalyze biochemical reactions C. Efficient storage of usable chemical energy D. Tendency to make cell membranes hydrophobic


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