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Click anywhere to begin Science Content Standard:  Students know most macromolecules (polysaccharides, nucleic acids, proteins, lipids) in cells and.

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Presentation on theme: "Click anywhere to begin Science Content Standard:  Students know most macromolecules (polysaccharides, nucleic acids, proteins, lipids) in cells and."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Click anywhere to begin Science Content Standard:  Students know most macromolecules (polysaccharides, nucleic acids, proteins, lipids) in cells and organisms are synthesized from a small collection of simple precursors. Objectives:  You will develop an understanding about the structures and functions of proteins, lipids, polysaccharides, and nucleic acids  You will learn about the presence of the different macromolecules found in a variety of foods. CLICK TO REVIEW INFORMATION BEFORE CONTINUING CLICK TO REVIEW INFORMATION BEFORE CONTINUING StAIR (Stand Alone Instructional Resource)

3 Click anywhere to go back to the home slide Use this presentation as a unit review before benchmark #2. Go through the quizzes to help you assess your understanding of the subject. Below are symbols that you will see throughout the StAIR. Click on this button to go back to the previous slide Click on this button to go back to the home slide Click on this button to go back to the next slide Table of Contents Table of Contents Click on this button to go to the Table of Contents Quiz Click on this button to go to the section quiz

4 The Nature of Matter Structure of an atom Elements Molecules Compounds Organic Chemistry Polymers Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids

5  Matter is everything around you. It is anything that has a mass and its made up of very small particles called atoms. The word Atom comes from the Greek word atomos meaning“unable to cut” Table of Contents Table of Contents

6  Composed of Protons = positive charge (+) Electrons = negative charge (-) Neutrons are neutral  Protons and neutrons cluster in the nucleus while Electrons (e-) 'orbit' the nucleus. Table of Contents Table of Contents

7 Table of Contents Table of Contents (It’s loud, adjust volume or wear headphones)

8  Pure chemical substance consisting of one type of atom. There are 92 elements occur naturally and 25 are essential to living organisms. Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen (C,H,O,N) make up about 96% of the mass of a human. Table of Contents Table of Contents

9  A molecule is formed when two or more atoms join together chemically. Table of Contents Table of Contents

10  Substances made of 2 or more elements Examples: H2O (water) NaCl (table salt) Table of Contents Table of Contents Quiz

11 What is the charge of an electron? a)PositivePositive b)NegativeNegative c)NeutralNeutral Review if you can not remember Review if you can not remember

12  Composed of Protons = positive charge (+) Electrons = negative charge (-) Neutrons are neutral  Protons and neutrons cluster in the nucleus while Electrons (e-) 'orbit' the nucleus. Back to Quiz

13 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

14 Correct!!! Next Question Next Question

15 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN TRY AGAIN

16 Matter is anything that has _____ a)WeightWeight b)PoundsPounds c)MassMass Review if you can not remember Review if you can not remember

17  Matter is everything around you. It is anything that has a mass and its made up of very small particles called atoms. The word Atom comes from the Greek word atomos meaning“unable to cut” Back to Quiz

18 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

19 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN TRY AGAIN

20 Correct!!! Next Question Next Question

21 Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen make up about ____ of the mass of a human. Review if you can not remember Review if you can not remember a)95%95% b)96%96% c)97%97%

22  Pure chemical substance consisting of one type of atom. There are 92 elements occur naturally and 25 are essential to living organisms. Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen (C,H,O,N) make up about 96% of the mass of a human. Back to Quiz

23 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

24 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN TRY AGAIN

25 Correct!!! Next Question Next Question

26 Which one is an element? a)Carbon DioxideCarbon Dioxide b)NitrogenNitrogen c)WaterWater Review if you can not remember Review if you can not remember

27  Pure chemical substance consisting of one type of atom. There are 92 elements occur naturally and 25 are essential to living organisms. Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen (C,H,O,N) make up about 96% of the mass of a human. Back to Quiz

28 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

29 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN TRY AGAIN

30 Correct!!! Table of Contents Table of Contents

31  The study of compounds containing carbon atoms. They can form straight lines, branched chains, or rings. Table of Contents Table of Contents

32  Large molecules composed of many similar smaller molecules linked together. The individual smaller molecules are called monomers. When giant molecules are produced, macromolecules are formed. There are four major biological macromolecules: Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Table of Contents Table of Contents

33  Made up C, H, O and used by living things as their main source for energy. Their monomers are called monosaccharides. Table of Contents Table of Contents

34 Table of Contents Table of Contents

35  Made up of C, H, O. They are also known as fats, oils, and waxes and are highly insoluble in water. They are used for energy storage, insulation, waterproof covering membranes. Their monomers are fatty acids Table of Contents Table of Contents

36 Table of Contents Table of Contents

37  Made up of C, H, O, N. Provides structure for tissue and organs and carries out cell metabolism. Others act as enzymes and antibodies used by the immune system. Their monomers are amino acids. Table of Contents Table of Contents

38 Table of Contents Table of Contents

39  Made up of C, H, O, N, P arranged in three groups: a base, a simple sugar, and a phosphate. They store and transmit genetic information in the form of a code. Two examples are DNA and RNA. Their monomers are nucleotides. Table of Contents Table of Contents

40 Table of Contents Table of Contents Quiz

41 The monomers for lipids are a)CarbohydratesCarbohydrates b)NucleotidesNucleotides c)Fatty AcidsFatty Acids Review if you can not remember Review if you can not remember

42  Made up of C, H, O. They are also known as fats, oils, and waxes and are highly insoluble in water. They are used for energy storage, insulation, waterproof covering membranes. Their monomers are fatty acids Back to Quiz

43 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

44 Correct!!! Next Question Next Question

45 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN TRY AGAIN

46 This macromolecule is used by all living things as their primary source for energy. a)CarbohydratesCarbohydrates b)ProteinsProteins c)LipidsLipids Review if you can not remember Review if you can not remember

47  Made up C, H, O and used by living things as their main source for energy. Their monomers are called monosaccharides. Back to Quiz

48 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

49 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN TRY AGAIN

50 Correct!!! Next Question Next Question

51 These molecules can act as enzymes and antibodies a)CarbohydratesCarbohydrates b)ProteinsProteins c)LipidsLipids Review if you can not remember Review if you can not remember

52  Made up of C, H, O, N. Provides structure for tissue and organs and carries out cell metabolism. Others act as enzymes and antibodies used by the immune system. Their monomers are amino acids. Back to Quiz

53 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

54 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN TRY AGAIN

55 Correct!!! Next Question Next Question

56 a)CarbohydratesCarbohydrates b)Nucleic AcidsNucleic Acids c)ProteinsProteins Review if you can not remember Review if you can not remember Macromolecules that can store genetic information

57  Made up of C, H, O, N, P arranged in three groups: a base, a simple sugar, and a phosphate. They store and transmit genetic information in the form of a code. Two examples are DNA and RNA. Their monomers are nucleotides. Back to Quiz

58 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

59 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN TRY AGAIN

60 Correct!!! Next Question Next Question

61 a)LipidsLipids b)CarbohydratesCarbohydrates c)ProteinsProteins Review if you can not remember Review if you can not remember

62 Back to Quiz

63 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

64 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN TRY AGAIN

65 Correct!!! Next question Next question

66 a)Fatty AcidsFatty Acids b)NucleotidesNucleotides c)MonosaccharidesMonosaccharides Review if you can not remember Review if you can not remember The monomers for carbohydrates are

67  Made up C, H, O and used by living things as their main source for energy. Their monomers are called monosaccharides. Back to Quiz

68 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

69 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN TRY AGAIN

70 Correct!!! Next question Next question

71 Which table matches the polymer with its correct polymer? 1. PolymerMonomer CarbohydratesMonosaccharides LipidsNucleotides ProteinsFatty Acids Nucleic AcidsAmino Acids 2. CarbohydratesMonosaccharides LipidsFatty Acids ProteinsAmino Acids Nucleic AcidsNucleotides 1 1 or 22

72 SORRY TRY AGAIN!!! TRY AGAIN

73 Correct!!! Next question Next question

74 Citing Sources  Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons, 19 July Web..  "GIFs-Paradise.com » 27,000 Free Animated GIF Images Graphics." GIFs- Paradise.com. N.p., n.d  "Matter Is the Stuff Around You." Chem4Kids.com: Matter. N.p., Web..  "Royalty Free Stock Images: Common Chemical Compounds." Dreamstime. N.p., Web. 12 Aug  Miller, and Levine. Biology. Boston: Pearson Education, Print. THE END…Excellent work!!. Return to The Table of Contents THE END…Excellent work!!. Return to The Table of Contents


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