Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Project Objectives  A three-year research project on nanotribology of ultra-thin wear and oxidation resistant hard coatings was been initiated.  The.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Project Objectives  A three-year research project on nanotribology of ultra-thin wear and oxidation resistant hard coatings was been initiated.  The."— Presentation transcript:

1 Project Objectives  A three-year research project on nanotribology of ultra-thin wear and oxidation resistant hard coatings was been initiated.  The primary objective of this study is to improve fundamental understanding of the mechanisms underlying the effects of N incorporation on the growth, nanostructure, nanotribological properties, and oxidation resistance of nitrided hard coatings.  A secondary objective is to determine to what extent the behavior of thicker films can be extrapolated to the ultra-thin layer regime through an investigation of the thickness dependence of the protective effectiveness of optimized coatings. Nanotribology of Ultra-thin Wear and Oxidation Resistant Hard Coatings Nanotribology of Ultra-thin Wear and Oxidation Resistant Hard Coatings M.L. Weaver & J.A. Barnard, The University of Alabama Tuscaloosa Award #DAAD

2 Significant Accomplishments  Detailed assessment of ambient temperature oxidation resistance of the TiB 2 compound.  Nanotribology Studies of CrN x, CrO x, and CN Thin Films using Constant and Ramped Load Nanoscratch Techniques.  Influence of Nitrogen on the Microstructures and Stress Development in Magnetron Sputtered TiCrAl Films. Nanotribology of Ultra-thin Wear and Oxidation Resistant Hard Coatings Nanotribology of Ultra-thin Wear and Oxidation Resistant Hard Coatings M.L. Weaver & J.A. Barnard, The University of Alabama Tuscaloosa Award #DAAD

3 Conclusions  Results from our current studies offer a new perspective on the arguments concerning the potential of TiB 2 films as protective overcoats for magnetic recording.  Ultrathin TiB 2 films oxidize at room temperature as a result of exposure to air. This results in a 9 Å thick erosion of the overcoat and a 6 Å thick surface “pop-out” (swelling).  These observations are independent of the pre-oxidation film thickness.  Since the thickness budget for protective overcoat in head/disk interface has been decreased to 5 nm or even less, the room temperature oxidation of ultrathin TiB 2 films revealed in our current studies really negates such a potential. Motivation  Advanced magnetic storage systems require thermally and dimensionally stable protective overcoats that are <5 nm in thickness. TiB 2 -based films are viewed as promising candidates. Quantitative investigations of the oxidation of TiB 2 -based films are lacking.  Nominally 5-50 nm thick TiB 2 films were exposed to ambient air for ~2h. The oxidation characteristics are studied by x-ray reflectivity (XRR), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Ambient Temperature Oxidation Resistance of Ultrathin TiB 2 Films Ambient Temperature Oxidation Resistance of Ultrathin TiB 2 Films M.L. Weaver & J.A. Barnard, The University of Alabama Tuscaloosa Award #DAAD High resolution O 1s XPS spectra for depth profiling illustrating the presence of oxides near the film surface Experimental XRR patterns illustrating the applicability of a two-layer model (i.e., a 2 layer film)

4 Conclusions  As-deposited nitrogen-free coatings were amorphous and retained their structures after annealing up to 500°C.  After annealing the coatings exhibited higher hardness, larger reduced modulus, and smaller CTE values, which likely result from densification of coatings induced by thermal cycling and surface oxidation.  Nitrogen incorporation results in crystalline films containing a mixture of aluminum and chromium nitrides, which is consistent with prior investigations on TiN-based coatings.  Nitrogen additions increased film hardness and resistance to yielding without degrading oxidation resistance. Motivation  Multiphase coatings based on the Ti-Al-Cr alloy system exhibit high resistance to oxidation. Nitrogen additions to these films have been reported to improve the hardness of these films while maintaining the favorable oxidation resistance. The microstructures, stresses, and thermal stability of these coatings have been evaluated for the first time as a function of nitrogen content.  Mechanical properties have been measured using nanoindentation and wafer curvature techniques. Film structure has been investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Influence of Nitrogen on the Microstructures and Stress Development in Magnetron Sputtered TiCrAl Films Influence of Nitrogen on the Microstructures and Stress Development in Magnetron Sputtered TiCrAl Films M.L. Weaver & J.A. Barnard, The University of Alabama Tuscaloosa Award #DAAD XRD spectra for TiAlCr(N) films deposited at various nitrogen gas flow ratios, R N. Representative stress versus temperature curves for polycrystalline TiAlCr(N) coatings

5 Conclusions  The hardness and adhesion of CrN x is comparable to CN x.  With a very thin Cr underlayer, CrN x appears to have the potential for magnetic recording applications Motivation  Chromium-nitride (CrN x ) and chromium-oxide (CrO x ) based coatings are receiving interest for tribological applications due to their favorable wear behavior and good resistance to oxidation and corrosion.  CrO x and CrN x have been proposed as potential replacements for nitrogenated carbon (CN x ) as protective layers on magnetic recording disks.  In this study, the nanotribological properties and thermal stability of CrO x and CrN x films have been investigated in in relation to their potential to replace conventional CN x coatings.  Mechanical properties have been measured using nanoindentation and nanoscratch techniques. Film structure has been investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Nanotribological Studies of Thin CrN x, CrO x and CN x Overcoats for Magnetic Recording Applications Nanotribological Studies of Thin CrN x, CrO x and CN x Overcoats for Magnetic Recording Applications M.L. Weaver & J.A. Barnard, The University of Alabama Tuscaloosa Award #DAAD Hardness and reduced modulus for CrN x and CrO x films in comparison with CN x. The hardness of CrN x is greater than CrO x and comparable to CN x  CN x displays the smallest in situ displacement and residual depth, and highest elastic recovery.  The critical load before film fracture for CrO x is the lowest, while CrN x (with 2 nm Cr underlayer) and CN x have similar critical loads.  Analysis of wear tracks following nanoscratch experiments show that

6 Year Three Publications 1.G. Wei, A. Rar, and J.A. Barnard, “Composition, structure, and nanomechanical properties of DC- sputtered CrN x (0  x  1) thin films,” Thin Solid Films, v , pages (2001) 2.F. Huang, J.A. Barnard, and M.L. Weaver, “Ultrathin TiB 2 Protective Films,” Journal of Materials Research v. 16, n. 4, pages (2001). 3.F. Huang, G. Wei, J.A. Barnard, and M.L. Weaver, “Microstructure and Stress Development in Magnetron Sputtered TiAlCr(N) Films,” Surface and Coatings Technology, v , pages (2001). 4.G. Wei, T.W. Scharf, J.N. Zhou, F. Huang, M.L. Weaver, and J.A. Barnard, “Nanotribology Studies of Cr, Cr 2 N and CrN Thin Films Using Constant and Ramped Load Nanoscratch Techniques,” Surface and Coatings Technology, v , pages (2001). 5.F. Huang, W. J. Liu, J.F. Sullivan, J.A. Barnard, and M.L. Weaver, “Room Temperature Oxidation Resistance of Ultrathin TiB 2 Films: A New Perspective on its Potential as Protective Overcoats in Magnetic Recording,” Journal of Materials Research, v. 17, n. 4, pages (2002). 6.F. Huang, J.A. Barnard, and M.L. Weaver, “Mechanical Characterization of DC Magnetron Sputtered Amorphous Ti-Al-Cr Coatings,” Surface and Coatings Technology, v. 155, pages (2002). 7.G. Wei, M.L. Weaver, and J.A. Barnard, “Nanotribology Studies of Chromium Thin Films,” Tribology Letters, accepted for publication (2002). Nanotribology of Ultra-thin Wear and Oxidation Resistant Hard Coatings Nanotribology of Ultra-thin Wear and Oxidation Resistant Hard Coatings M.L. Weaver & J.A. Barnard, The University of Alabama Tuscaloosa Award #DAAD


Download ppt "Project Objectives  A three-year research project on nanotribology of ultra-thin wear and oxidation resistant hard coatings was been initiated.  The."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google