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DNA - RNA Review
DNA What is the abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid ?
Nucleotide What is the subunit of DNA?
Phosphate group A nucleotide is made up of 3 parts 1. 5 carbon sugar 2. nitrogen base 3. ?
Adenine Guanine Cytosine Thymine What are the 4 nitrogenous bases of DNA?
Franklin Who studied the DNA molecule using a technique called x-ray diffraction?
Watson & Crick Who used this to figure out the structure of DNA & won the nobel prize?
Double helix What did Watson and Crick discover about the structure of the DNA molecule?
Chromosome What is this?
Cytosine Thymine Which of the nitrogen bases of DNA are pyrimidines?
How many main types of RNA are there? a.1 b.3 c.hundreds d.thousands What are they? tRNA mRNA rRNA
Adenine Guanine Which of the nitrogen bases of DNA are purines?
Adenine Thymine pairs with...
hydrogen What type of bonds are there between the nitrogen bases?
2 How many hydrogen bonds are between adenine and thymine?
TAG-CAT What bases would complimentary base pair with... ATC-GTA
replication Coping process by which a cell duplicates its DNA -
46 What is the human chromosome number?
1 How many strands does RNA have?
tRNA Which RNA decodes the information by transferring the amino acid to the ribosome as it is specified by coded messages
DNA polymerase The principle enzyme involved in DNA replication is...
3 How many hydrogen bonds are between cytosine and guanine?
In the nucleus In eukaryotes, where is DNA located?
histones Chromatin consists of DNA that is tightly coiled around proteins called...
Adenine Uracil Cytosine Guanine What are the 4 nitrogen bases of RNA?
ribose RNA contains the sugar...
mRNA Which type of RNA functions as a blueprint of the genetic code?
In the nucleus Where does the process of transcription take place?
uracil Unlike DNA, RNA contains the nitrogen base...
The genetic code What is this called?
ribosome Where does the process of translation take place?
Cytosine Guanine pairs with...
Centromere What is this protein disk called?
Fill in the missing RNA nitrogen bases- DNA = TAC - CTG RNA = AUG - GAC
How many strands does DNA have? 2
What is the abbreviation for ribonucleic acid? RNA
What type of RNA carries the codons? mRNA What type of RNA carries the anti-codons? tRNA
Diploid A cell that contains both sets of chromosomes is said to be...
haploid A cell that contains only a single set of chromosomes is said to be...
Sister chromatids What are these called?
Vocabulary Key Terms DNA DNA replication Codon Intron Exon Translation Central Dogma Transcription RNA mRNA tRNA Anticodon Genes Nucleotide Nitrogen base.
Science AHSGE Standard IV-2 DNA, RNA and Proteins.
How Many Scientists Does it Take to Discover a Molecule?
2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt 2pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt DNA RNA Protein SynthesisAll mixed.
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Q Card Quiz What is……….. 1.The basic function of DNA 2.The basic structure of DNA 3.Name the four nitrogenous bases 4.Match the bases correctly.
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End Show Slide 1 of 39 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 12-3 RNA and Protein Synthesis 12–3 RNA and Protein Synthesis.
1 2 DNA DNA.DNA is often called the blueprint of life. In simple terms, DNA contains the instructions for making proteins within the cell.
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Nucleic Acid The structure of DNA and RNA. 5C sugar The structure of a nucleotide P Organic base DNA and RNA are polymers of nucleotides.
Nucleotides Specification: State that deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a polynucleotide, usually double stranded, made up of nucleotides containing the bases.
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