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Naming Organic Compounds – Functional Groups
Halocarbons: Organic compound with C, H and a halogen. F2F2 Fluoro Cl 2 Chloro Br 2 Bromo I2I2 Iodo 1-chloropropane
Halocarbons Continued: C C = C Br2-bromopropene C C C Cl 1, 2-dichloropropane
*Alphabetize halogen when more than 1: 1-bromo 3-chloro 2-fluorobutane 1,2-difluoropropane C C BrFCl C C C FF
Alcohols: * have a hydroxyl group (-OH) * general formula R-OH Draw and name two isomers of propanol: C C C OH 1-propanol C C C OH 2-propanol
Draw and name 4 isomers of butanol: 1-butanol 2-butanol
C C C OH C 2-methyl 1-propanol 2-methyl 2-propanol C C C C OH
Aldehydes: * Drop the “e” and add “al” * -CHO functional group * General formula:
Aldehydes: methanal (formaldehyde) ethanal (acetylaldehyde)
Ketones: * Drop the “e” and add “one” * Has a double bond inside chain – need a “key” to get in * General formula:
Ketones: Propanone (acetone) Butanone
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