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Naming Organic Compounds – Functional Groups
Halocarbons: Organic compound with C, H and a halogen. F2F2 Fluoro Cl 2 Chloro Br 2 Bromo I2I2 Iodo 1-chloropropane
Halocarbons Continued: C C = C Br2-bromopropene C C C Cl 1, 2-dichloropropane
*Alphabetize halogen when more than 1: 1-bromo 3-chloro 2-fluorobutane 1,2-difluoropropane C C BrFCl C C C FF
Alcohols: * have a hydroxyl group (-OH) * general formula R-OH Draw and name two isomers of propanol: C C C OH 1-propanol C C C OH 2-propanol
Draw and name 4 isomers of butanol: 1-butanol 2-butanol
C C C OH C 2-methyl 1-propanol 2-methyl 2-propanol C C C C OH
Aldehydes: * Drop the “e” and add “al” * -CHO functional group * General formula:
Aldehydes: methanal (formaldehyde) ethanal (acetylaldehyde)
Ketones: * Drop the “e” and add “one” * Has a double bond inside chain – need a “key” to get in * General formula:
Ketones: Propanone (acetone) Butanone
Functional Groups Alkyl Halides, Alcohols. Isomers Draw the structure for C 5 H 12 Pentane 2-methylbutane.
SCH4U SPRING 2012 Hydrocarbon Derivatives: Alcohols and Haloalkanes.
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Isomers. Isomers: * Molecules that have the same number and kinds of atoms (molecular formula) but different structure. C C C C C C C Butane (n-butane)
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Other Organic Compounds - Compounds made by replacing a H with a functional group.
Organic Chemistry Chapter 24 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Hydrocarbon Derivatives Chemistry 11. Hydrocarbon Derivatives Are formed when one or more hydrogen atoms is replaced by an element or a group of elements.
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Aldehydes and Ketones In an aldehyde, a carbon group and an H atom is attached to a carbonyl group Ocarbonyl group CH 3 - C - H carbonyl group always.
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