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1. 1. Carbonyl (C=O, 1630-1800 cm -1 (strong), see table for further details) 2. Hydroxyl (OH, 3200-3600 cm -1 (broad, strong)) 3. Amino (NH x, 3200-3400.

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Presentation on theme: "1. 1. Carbonyl (C=O, 1630-1800 cm -1 (strong), see table for further details) 2. Hydroxyl (OH, 3200-3600 cm -1 (broad, strong)) 3. Amino (NH x, 3200-3400."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1. Carbonyl (C=O, cm -1 (strong), see table for further details) 2. Hydroxyl (OH, cm -1 (broad, strong)) 3. Amino (NH x, cm -1 (medium-strong), less intense and less broad than OH, one peak for secondary amine, two peaks for primary amine) 4. C-H functions (sp 3, <3000 cm -1, sp cm -1, sp ~3300 cm -1 for stretching), ( cm -1 for CH 2 and CH 3 bending) 5. Triple bonds (C≡C ~ cm -1, C­≡N ~ cm -1 (medium-weak)) 6. Double bonds (C=C, alkene ~1650 cm -1 (medium), aromatic cm -1 ) 7. Nitro group (two peaks: ~ cm -1, ~ cm -1 (strong)) 8. Sulfone group (two peaks: ~ cm -1, ~ cm -1 (strong)) 9. Carbon-Oxygen bond (two peaks between cm -1 (strong)) 10. Carbon-Halogen bond (F: cm -1, Cl: cm -1, Br: cm -1 (medium-strong)) 11. Out of plane bending for alkenes and aromatic systems ( cm -1 (medium-strong)) 2

3 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C=O) (COC) (C-H, sp 3 ) 3

4 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 2 ) (C-H, sp 3 ) (NH) (C=C) Oop, mono 4

5 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C-H, sp 2 ) (C=C) (OH) (C-OH) Oop, mono 5

6 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (NH 2 )  (NH 2 ) (C=C) Oop, para 6

7 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C=O) (C=C) (C-H, sp 2 ) 7

8 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-D) (C-Cl) 8

9 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C-H, sp 2 ) (C=O) (C=C) as (CCC) Oop, mono 9

10 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C-H, sp 2 ) (C=C) (NO 2 ) 10

11 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C≡N) (C-Br) 11

12 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-Cl) 12

13 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C=O) (CHO) 13

14 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (NH 2 )  (NH 2 ) 14

15 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C≡C) (C-H, sp)  (CH, sp) 15

16 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (OH) (C-OH) 16

17 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 )  (CH 2 ) 17

18 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C-H, sp 2 ) (C=O) (C=C) (COC) Oop, ortho 18

19 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C-H, sp 2 ) (C=C) (OH) (C-OH) oop, mono 19

20 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C=O) as (CCC) 20

21 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C-H, sp 2 ) (C=O) (C=C) as (CCC) oop, mono 21

22 Carbonyl group Hydroxyl group Amino group C-H functions Triple bonds Double bonds Nitro group Carbon-Oxygen bond Carbon-Halogen bond (C-H, sp 3 ) (C=O) (C=C) (OH) oop, mono 22 (C-OH)

23 In order to identify a compound, it is usually not necessary to assign every peak in the spectrum The focus should be on peaks that help to identify key functional groups in the molecule (zone analysis) Developing an algorithm to solve spectroscopic problems helps a lot mastering this skill When performing a reaction in the lab, it is good practice to research the spectra for the product, all reactants, the solvents and other compounds used in the experiment Acquiring a quality spectrum in the lab makes the identification of the compound much easier 23


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