2Polarography is a subclass of voltammetry where the working electrode is a dropping mercury electrode (DME). It is current versus potential are recorded when gradual changing current is take place when current applied to cell.
3A cell containing :Solution of interest (electroactive substance)Stable reference electrode. e.g : calomel electrode.Small area of indicator electrode (DME)Auxiliary or counter electrode .
5Hg will dropped in stable flow rate 5- 30 drops/min. Volts applied 50 – 200 mv/minDrop life 2 – 12 sec.Potential range (+ 0.4) – (-2) V
6Advantage of Hg electrode As the Hg capillary very narrow so, able to analyse very small volume of analyte.Surface of electrode is very reproducible .Surface area of electrode can be calculated from the weight of drops.
7Disadvantage Limited potential (+0.4) – (-2) V. Capillary is very small so easily to bloked .
9Quantitative polarogram Limiting currentQuantitative polarogramDiffusion currentresidual current
10Factors affecting diffusion current (Ilkovic equation)ίd = 708 n C D½ m ⅔ t⅙n : change in valencyC : concentrationD : diffusion coefficient.m: flow rate of mercury dropping.t : life time of mercury drop.