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Common borders. Common solutions. EUROPEAN UNION GOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA SERBIAN GOVERNMENT Structural Funds 2007-2013 Romania – Republic of Serbia IPA Cross-border.

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Presentation on theme: "Common borders. Common solutions. EUROPEAN UNION GOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA SERBIAN GOVERNMENT Structural Funds 2007-2013 Romania – Republic of Serbia IPA Cross-border."— Presentation transcript:

1 Common borders. Common solutions. EUROPEAN UNION GOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA SERBIAN GOVERNMENT Structural Funds Romania – Republic of Serbia IPA Cross-border Cooperation Programme State of the art and trends of European and international standardization in soldering and brazing Timioara

2 Common borders. Common solutions. EUROPEAN UNION GOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA SERBIAN GOVERNMENT Structural Funds Eng. Petru enchea Chairman ASRO/CT 39 – Welding and allied processes Quality auditor AFNOR Certification (France) Manager S.C. E-QSE CONSULTING Timioara

3 Common borders. Common solutions. Standardization Activity of establishing, with regard to actual or potential problems, provisions for common and repeated use, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context NOTE 1 In particular, the activity consists of the processes of formulating, issuing and implementing standards. NOTE 2 Important benefits of standardization are improvement of the suitability of products, processes and services for their intended purposes, prevention of barriers to trade and facilitation of technological cooperation. EN 45020:2006 (ISO/IEC GUIDE 2:2004)

4 Common borders. Common solutions. Aims of standardization Variety control Communication Protection of the environment Product protection Compatibility Interchange- ability Safety Fitness for purpose Aims of standardization

5 Common borders. Common solutions. Space of standardization - Metalurgy - Mechanics - Electrotechnics/electronics - Transport - Construction - Agriculture - Chemicals - IT - General - etc. Fields/subjects of standardization Levels of standardization Standardization aspects - Terminology - Types of products, classification - Requirements - Quality levels - Testing - etc. - International - Regional - National - Professional - Company

6 Common borders. Common solutions. Welding and allied processes - base manufacturing processes in important industrial sectors; - special processes in the quality management language; - traditional standardization field.

7 Common borders. Common solutions. Continuousimprovement of QMS Continuousimprovement StrategicallevelCustomersatisfactionDetaillevelStrategicallevelCustomersatisfactionDetaillevel Business management concept according to ISO 9001:2008 Product Strategicallevel Customer requirementsDetaillevelStrategicallevel requirementsDetaillevel ProductrealizationProductrealization ManagementManagement ResourcesResourcesMeasurement Analysis Improvement Measurement Analysis Improvement

8 Common borders. Common solutions. Main actors of standardization & related activities in welding and allied processes ISO/TC 44 – Welding and allied processes ISO/TC 107/WG 1 - Metallic and other inorganic coatings – Thermal spraying IIW/WG-STAND – International Institute of Welding IEC/TC 26 – Electric welding (Equipment for electric welding) CEN/TC 121 – Welding CEN/TC 240 Thermal spraying and thermally sprayed coatings CENELEC/TC 26 Electric welding (Equipment for electric welding) EWF – European Welding Federation

9 Common borders. Common solutions. Main steps of the evolution at international & European level of the standardization in welding - first ISO recommendations for standardization, based on IIW documents, in the 60s years; - growth of ISO/TC 44 activity in the 70s and 80s years, but not sufficient; - development of a systematic European standardization in CEN/TC 121, promotion of quality assurance/management concept, cooperation with ISO/TC 44 on Vienna Agreement basis from 1991; - evolution of European & international standardization with parallel standards; - relocation of the weight centre in the international standardization, with European cooperation.

10 Common borders. Common solutions. Systemic approach Business plans of CEN/TC 121 and ISO/TC 44: -from the general aims of the standardization; -from the standardization aspects required by the operation of quality management systems specific in welded production.

11 Common borders. Common solutions. Quality welded joint METHODSPERSONNEL MATERIALSEQUIPMENT ENVIRONMENT Communication Clasification, terminology, symbols Drawings, welding positions Management, coordination QualityEnv. Health & Safety Design Codes Preparation Tolerances Quality levels Fabrication Codes, guides Preparation, TT Welding procedures (specification, qualification) Inspection (examinations, measurements, testing) (during & after welding) NDT Destructive testing For coordination Training, qualification, certification For execution Training, qualification, certification For inspection, examination, testing Training, qualification, certification Base materials Wrought Forged Cast Tubes Testing, delivery Filler (covered electrodes, rods, wires, strips, solid & tubular) & auxiliaries (fluxes, gases, nonconsumable electrodes) Joints details Classification Technical delivery conditions Testing Procurement Construction, functional, precision, safety requirements; validation, operation Arc GasGas Electron beam, laser Pressure, other processes, manipulation, thermal treatment (TT) Auxiliary Protection Various Environmental aspects & impacts Check lists Air quality Fumes & gases (analysis) Radiations Precipitations, humidity Temperature Corrosive environment For inspection & testing

12 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldering & Brazing EnglishFrenchRomanian SolderingBrasage douxLipire moale BrazingBrasage fortLipire tare Synonime: Brazare

13 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldered/brazed joint MethodsPersonnel MaterialsEquipmentEnvironment Communication

14 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldering & Brazing – Communication methods Vocabulary, symbols, drawings ISO 857-2:2005 Welding and allied processes - Vocabulary - Part 2: Soldering and brazing processes and related terms EN ISO 4063:2010 Welding and allied processes - Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers (ISO 4063:2009, corrected version 2010) EN ISO 18279:2003 Brazing - Imperfections in brazed joints (ISO 18279:2003) CEN ISO/TS 17845:2004 Welding and allied processes - Designation system for imperfections (ISO/TS 17845:2004) EN 22553:1994 Welded, brazed and soldered joints - Symbolic representation on drawings (ISO 2553:1992) ISO/FDIS 2553:2012 Welding and allied processes - Symbolic representation on drawings - Welded, brazed and soldered joints

15 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldered/brazed joint MethodsPersonnel MaterialsEquipmentEnvironment Communication Execution Brazing procedures

16 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldering & Brazing – Execution methods Excution, brazing procedures EN 14324:2004 Brazing - Guidance on the application of brazed joints EN 13134:2000 Brazing - Procedure approval

17 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldered/brazed joint MethodsPersonnel MaterialsEquipmentEnvironment Communication Execution Brazing procedures Inspection & testing

18 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldering & Brazing – Inspection & testing methods ISO 5187:1985 Welding and allied processes - Assemblies made with soft solders and brazing filler metals - Mechanical test methods ISO 5179:1983 Investigation of brazeability using a varying gap test piece EN 12799:2000 Brazing - Non-destructive examination of brazed joints (& A1:2003) EN 12797:2000 Brazing - Destructive tests of brazed joints (& A1:2003)

19 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldered/brazed joint MethodsPersonnel MaterialsEquipmentEnvironment Communication Execution Brazing procedures Inspection & testing Qualification test for brazers and brazing operators

20 Common borders. Common solutions. Personnel EN ISO 13585:2012 Brazing - Qualification test of brazers and brazing operators (ISO 13585:2012) ISO 11745:2010 Brazing for aerospace applications - Qualification test for brazers and brazing operators - Brazing of metallic components

21 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldered/brazed joint MethodsPersonnel MaterialsEquipmentEnvironment Communication Execution Brazing procedures Inspection & testing Qualification test for brazers and brazing operators Filler metals Fluxes Sampling & testing

22 Common borders. Common solutions. Consumables (1) EN ISO 3677:1995 Filler metal for soft soldering, brazing and braze welding - Designation (ISO 3677:1992) EN ISO 17672:2010 Brazing - Filler metals (ISO 17672:2010) EN 1045:1997 Brazing - Fluxes for brazing - Classification and technical delivery conditions EN ISO 9453:2006 Soft solder alloys - Chemical compositions and forms (ISO 9453:2006) ISO/DIS 9453 Soft solder alloys - Chemical compositions and forms

23 Common borders. Common solutions. Consumables (2) EN ISO 10564:1997 Soldering and brazing materials - Methods for the sampling of soft solders for analysis (ISO 10564:1993) EN ISO :1998 Solder wire, solid and flux cored - Specification and test methods - Part 1: Classification and performance requirements (ISO :1997) EN ISO :1999 Flux cored solder wire - Specification and test methods - Part 2: Determination of flux content (ISO :1997) EN ISO :2003 Solder wire, solid and flux cored - Specifications and test methods - Part 3: Wetting balance test method for flux cored solder wire efficacy (ISO :2003)

24 Common borders. Common solutions. Consumables (3) EN :12993 EN :1993 Soft soldering fluxes -- Test methods - Part 1: Determination of non-volatile matter, gravimetric method (ISO :1990) EN ISO :1995 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 2: Determination of non-volatile matter, ebulliometric method (ISO :1993) EN ISO :1994 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 3: Determination of acid value, potentiometric and visual titration methods (ISO :1992) EN :1993 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 5: Copper mirror test (ISO :1992) ISO/DIS Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 5: Copper mirror test EN ISO :1997 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 6: Determination and detection of halide (excluding fluoride) content (ISO :1995) Soft soldering fluxes - Classification and requirements - Part 1: Classification, labelling and packaging (ISO :1990) EN ISO :2000 Soft soldering fluxes -Classification and requirements - Part 2: Performance requirements (ISO :1998)

25 Common borders. Common solutions. Consumables (4) EN :1993 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 8: Determination of zinc content (ISO :1991) EN ISO :1995 Soft soldering fluxes --Test methods - Part 9: Determination of ammonia content (ISO :1993) EN ISO :2012 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 10: Flux efficacy test, solder spread method (ISO :2012) EN :1993 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 11: Solubility of flux residues (ISO :1991) EN ISO :199( Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 13: Determination of flux spattering (ISO :1996) EN :1993 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 14: Assessment of tackiness of flux residues (ISO :1991) EN ISO :1999 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 15: Copper corrosion test (ISO :1996) EN ISO :2013 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 16: Flux efficacy test, wetting balance method (ISO :2013) EN ISO :2006 Soft soldering fluxes - Test methods - Part 17: Surface insulation resistance comb test and electrochemical migration test of flux residues (ISO :2002)

26 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldered/brazed joint MethodsPersonnel MaterialsEquipmentEnvironment Communication Execution Brazing procedures Inspection & testing Qualification test for brazers and brazing operators Filler metals Fluxes Sampling & testing Flame brazing equipment

27 Common borders. Common solutions. Equipment CR 13259:1998 Gas welding equipment - Industrial manual and machine oxygen-fuel gases blowpipes for flame heating and allied processes FprCEN/TR Gas welding equipment - Industrial manual and machine oxygen-fuel gases blowpipes for flame heating, flame brazing and allied processes

28 Common borders. Common solutions. Soldered/brazed joint MethodsPersonnel MaterialsEquipmentEnvironment Communication Execution Brazing procedures Inspection & testing Qualification test for brazers and brazing operators Filler metals Fluxes Sampling & testing Flame brazing equipment Environmental check list

29 Common borders. Common solutions. Environment EN 14717:2005 Welding and allied processes - Environmental check list CEN Guide 4:2008 Guide for addressing environmental issues in product standards

30 Common borders. Common solutions. EUROPEAN UNION GOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA SERBIAN GOVERNMENT Structural Funds Conclusions Welding & related processes standards ALL or NOTHING

31 Common borders. Common solutions. EUROPEAN UNION GOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA SERBIAN GOVERNMENT Structural Funds


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