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Title : Deploying Technology to combat the Urgent Global Issues Group Members : Mayank Kumar – XII A : Kishor Kumar – XII A City : Bokaro Steel City.

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Presentation on theme: "Title : Deploying Technology to combat the Urgent Global Issues Group Members : Mayank Kumar – XII A : Kishor Kumar – XII A City : Bokaro Steel City."— Presentation transcript:

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4 Title : Deploying Technology to combat the Urgent Global Issues Group Members : Mayank Kumar – XII A : Kishor Kumar – XII A City : Bokaro Steel City Project Guide : Dr. Karuna Prasad

5 MOST URGENT ISSUES TODAY…

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9 AND IF THE TREND CONTINUES...

10 REPORTS SHOW

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14 POLLUTION AND GLOBAL WARMING EXHAUST FROM CHIMNEYS REDUCTION IN AIR POLLUTION & RELATED CONCERNS REDUCTION IN THE QUANTITY OF EXHAUST

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16 Filtering Chamber 1 Filtering chamber 2 Filtering chamber 3

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19 Layout :  FC2 comprises of chemical solutions and reagents aligned in a proper manner.  It has 3 sections so as to absorb much of the harmful gases.

20 SO 2 + NaOH ----  Na 2 SO 4 + H 2 0

21 CO 2 + Ca(OH)  CaCO 3 + H 2 O

22 2NO 2 + 3H  2NH 3 + H 2 O

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24  Exhaust’s temperature is reduced.  Dust and soot is filtered  Toxic gases treated.

25 Is economical, efficient and stable. Works silently without interrupting the normal running of the chimney. Easily installed adjacent to an existing chimney with few structural changes.

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27 Sodium Sulphate(Na2SO4) Calcium Carbonate(CaCO3) Ammonia(NH3)

28 S.No.NameSymbolUsesCost / unit 1.Sodium Sulfate (Glauber Salt) Na 2 SO 4 In manufacture of detergent In paper pulp industry For preparing Soda Ash 25/kg 2.Calcium Carbonate (Raw Marble) CaCO 3 In marble industry20/kg 3.AmmoniaNH3 As a fertilizer In preparation of Dihydrogen 35/kg

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30 S. No.FieldsCost 1.Functioning UnitsFC1 FC2 FC3 Rs 4500/- Rs 9500/- Rs 6000/- 2.Construction & Installation -Rs 35,000/- 3.MiscellaneousRs. 5000/- TOTALRs. 60,000/- (For an average chimney ejecting 25 L exhaust per min.)

31 Chemical Reagents Consumption/MonthRupees/kgNet Cost Caustic Soda(flake) LRs.20/kgRs 2500 approx. Anhyd. Calcium Hydroxide LRs.25/kgRS 3500 approx Dihydrogen Gas100 – 125 LRs.115/kgRs.8000 approx Absorbent LRs. 35/kgRs.4000 approx Metal Bars--- Rs.2000 approx TOTALRs. 20,000/- approx

32 Chemical ReagentsProduction/ Month Cost/UnitNet Amount Earned Sodium Sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ) L25/kgRs. 2500/- Calcium Carbonate (CaCO 3 ) L20/kgRs. 4000/- Ammonia (NH 3 )80 – 100 L35/kgRs.3500/- TOTALRs. 10,000/-

33 Running Costs 10,000 pm Installation Costs Rs60,000/ - NET BUDGET Rs 70,000/- *

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36 Type : State Owned Enterprise Traded as : NSE : SAIL Industry : Iron and Steel Founded : 1964 Annual Turnover:50,348 crores ( )  B.S.L houses 5 blast furnaces with total capacity to produce 4.5 million tonnes of liquid steel per year.  The plant is undergoing mass modernization after which the output is expected to be 10 MT of steel per annum.

37  Over 50 chimneys  1000 L of exhaust /hour  1 ton of steel produces 3 ton of smoke

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