Precipitation – Rain, snow, hail, mist Runoff – water running down a hill/ mountain Seepage – water going into the ground Evaporation – water going into the air (think steam) Transpiration – water going into the air from the water that is in plants and animals Condensation – Water forming clouds
A nutrient is a chemical substance that an organism needs to sustain life Similar to water, nutrients are passed between organisms and the environment through cycles
The carbon cycle starts with producers removing CO 2 from the air during photosynthesis They use this to make sugars that make up their structure which other animals eat. Energy is released from these molecules during respiration. Respiration uses oxygen and releases CO 2. Photosynthesis then uses that CO 2 and the cycle starts again.
All organisms require nitrogen to make proteins. Only certain types of bacteria can use the nitrogen in the air Such bacteria live in the soil and on the roots of some plants. They convert nitrogen gas into ammonia in a process called nitrogen fixation
Nitrogen fixation – turns nitrogen in the air into ammonia. Nitrification – turns ammonia into a useful form called nitrate Denitrification – changes the Nitrate to nitrogen gas. Assimilation – Plants or animals taking in the useful nitrogen (Nitrate) Ammonification – Animal waste that goes into the ground (think cow manure/ fertilizer)
Transpiration is part of the A.Water cycle B.Carbon cycle C.Nitrogen cycle D.Nutrient cycle
Carbon is found in the atmosphere in the form of A.Carbohydrates B.Carbon dioxide C.Calcium carbonate D.ammonia
The only organism that can covert nitrogen in the atmosphere into a form useful to living things are nitrogen fixing A.Plants B.Bacteria C.Detritivores D.animals