Presentation on theme: "Farm Foundation & USDA Office of Energy Policy Agriculture as a Producer & Consumer of Energy Stephen R. Wilson President & Chief Executive Officer June."— Presentation transcript:
Farm Foundation & USDA Office of Energy Policy Agriculture as a Producer & Consumer of Energy Stephen R. Wilson President & Chief Executive Officer June 24-25 2004
2 Total Energy Consumed on U.S. Farms in 2002 Diesel 27% Gasoline 9% LP Gas 5% Pesticides 6% Fertilizer 28% Electricity 21% Natural Gas 4%
3 Nitrogen Fertilizer Production Natural Gas “Natural gas is the primary feedstock used in producing nitrogen fertilizers ”
4 Nitrogen Fertilizer Production Anhydrous Ammonia Natural Gas Air “The hydrogen from natural gas is reacted with nitrogen from the air to produce anhydrous ammonia.”
5 Nitrogen Fertilizer Production Nitric Acid Urea CO 2 Liquid Am Nitrate UAN Blending Granulation Ammoniated Phosphates Phos Acid UAN Solutions Urea Ammoniated Phosphates Anhydrous Ammonia Natural Gas Air Ammonia “Ammonia is used directly as a fertilizer or used to produce other forms of fertilizers” Products Am Nitrate O2O2
6 U.S. Ammonia Cash Production Cost $ Per Ton Natural Gas Cost Upgrading
7 000 Tons Beginning FY 199920,168 Assumed Permanent Closures5,550 Additions to Capacity Expansions/Restarts640 Debottlenecks 489 Total1,129 Net Change-4,421 Total15,747 % of Capacity Permanently Closed27.5% U.S. Ammonia Production Capacity Change Since 1999
8 Fertilizer Prices Paid By Farmers April Prices Ammonia Urea $ Per Ton UAN 30%
9 U.S. Nitrogen Supply Million Product Tons Est.
10 U.S. Nitrogen Fertilizer Demand By Product Million Nutrient Tons Average 2000-03 Change Ammonia3.2427.0% Urea3.0125.1% UAN3.0725.6% Am. Nitrate0.584.8% DAP/MAP1.038.6% Other1.04 8.6% Total N Demand11.98100.0%
11 Anhydrous Ammonia Distribution PipelineRail Truck Barge
12 Offshore Ammonia Imports – FY 2003 DAP/MAP Production 45.5% Direct Application 13% Industrial/ Upgrade 41.2%
13 Ammonia Price Spread Gulf vs. Midwest Fertilizer Years 1990-Current 10-year average Current $/Ton
14 U.S. Dry Urea Supply Million Product Tons Offshore Imports Canada Domestic Production Est.
15 U.S. Urea Cash Cost vs. Gulf Barge Price $ Per Ton U.S. Cash Production Cost Gulf Barge $
16 U.S. Urea Imports Million Tons Canada Other Middle East
17 U.S. UAN Supply Million Tons 28% Equivalent Domestic Production Imports
18 World UAN Capacity Source: Fertecon United States Western Europe Central Europe FSU
19 Solutions Comprehensive energy bill that includes a natural gas title which addresses the concerns of the fertilizer industry
Source: Fertecon, PotashCorp - $US/MMBtu Natural Gas Costs - $US/MMBtu US $6.00+ US $6.00+ Trinidad $1.40 Trinidad $1.40 Russia $0.90 Russia $0.90 Indonesia $1.20 Indonesia $1.20 Middle East $0.60 Middle East $0.60 Venezuela $0.75 Venezuela $0.75 Argentina $1.25 Argentina $1.25 Ukraine $1.50 Ukraine $1.50
21 Solutions Comprehensive energy bill that includes a natural gas title which addresses the concerns of the fertilizer industry Insure that world producers using government-controlled natural gas fully cover their true production costs — Russia WTO
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