# معاً لتحقيق تعليم أفضل لأبنائنا فهم لدينا أمانة وتعليمهم مسئولية معادلة alnarges.com/vb.

## Presentation on theme: "معاً لتحقيق تعليم أفضل لأبنائنا فهم لدينا أمانة وتعليمهم مسئولية معادلة alnarges.com/vb."— Presentation transcript:

معاً لتحقيق تعليم أفضل لأبنائنا فهم لدينا أمانة وتعليمهم مسئولية معادلة alnarges.com/vb

Math Glossary

Absolute value Alternate exterior angles Alternate interior angles Angle Annually Area Associative Property of Addition Associative Property of Multiplication Average Base Diagonal Binominal Cylinder Cube Cosine Corresponding angles Coordinate plane Congruent Cone Commutative Property of Multiplication Commutative Property of Addition Coefficient Circumference Chord Domain Distributive Property of Multiplication over Addition Dilation Diameter Acute angle Acute triangle Adjacent angles Central angle Circle Algebraic expression Constant Cube root Decimal Denominator

Absolute value القيمة المطلقة The distance from a point on thepoint number line to zero Example: |4| = 4 |-4| = 4 Back

Acute angle زاوية حادة An angle that measures less than a right angle (90°).angle right angle Example: Back

Acute triangle مثلث حاد الزوايا A triangle that has three acute anglestriangleacute angles Example: Back

Adjacent angles زوايا متجاورة AnglesAngles that share a common side, have the same vertex, and do not overlapvertex Example: ABD is adjacent to DBC. Back

Algebraic expression تعبير جبري An expression that is written using one or more variablesvariables Examples: 3x x - 4 2a + 5 a + b Back

Alternate exterior angles زوايا متبادلة خارجية A pair of angels on the outer sides of two lineslines cut by transversal but on opposite transversal sides of the transversal 1 and 8 and 2 and 7 are alternate exterior angles Back

Alternate interior angles زوايا متبادلة خارجية A pair of angels on the inner sides of two lineslines cut by transversal but on oppositetransversal sides of the transversal 3 and 6 and 4 and 5 are alternate exterior angles Back

Angle زاوية A geometric figure formed by two raysrays that have a common endpoint Examples Back

Annually سنوياً Once a year Back

Area مساحة The number of square units neededsquare to cover a given surface Example The area is 9 square units Back

The property which states that for all real numbers a, b, and c, their sum is always the same regardless of their grouping : (a + b) + c = a + (b + c) Example: (2 + 3) + 4 = 2+ (3 + 4) Associative Property of Addition الخاصية التجميعية لعملية الجمع Back

Associative Property of Multiplication الخاصية التجميعية لعملية الضرب The property which states that for all real numbers a, b, and c, their product is always the same regardless of their grouping : (a. b). c = a. (b. c) Example: (5.6). 7= 5. (6.7) Back

The sum of a set of numbers divided by the number of addends Example 2,3,4,5,5,8 ( 2+3+4+5+5+8) ÷ 6= 4.5 The mean is 4.5 Average متوسط Back

Base أساس أو قاعدة A side of a polygon or a face of a solid figure bypolygonfacesolid figure which the figure is measured or named Examples A number used as a repeated factor Examples 8 = 8 × 8 × 8 3 The base is 8. It is used as a factor three times Back

Binominal كثيرة الحدود The sum of two monomialsmonomials Example x + y 3 5 Back

Central angle زاوية مركزية An angle formed by two rays with a common vertex at the center of a circleangleraysvertex circle Example: Back

Chord وتر الدائرة A line segment with endpointsline segment on a circle circle Example Back

Circle دائرة A closed curve with all points on the curve an equal distance from a given point called the center of the circlepoints Example: Back

Circumference محيط الدائرة The distance around a circlecircle  C = d Back

Coefficient معامل The number that is multiplied by the variable in an algebraic expressionvariable Example: 5b Back

Commutative Property of Addition الخاصية الإبدالية لعملية الجمع The property of addition that allows two or more addends to be added in any order without changing the sum; a + b = b + a Examples: c + 4 = 4 + c (2 + 5) + 4r = 4r + (2 + 5) Back

Commutative Property of Multiplication الخاصية الابدالية لعملية الضرب The property of multiplication that allows two or more factors to be multiplied in any order without changing the product a. b = b. a Examples: 3. c = c. 3 4. 5. y = 5. 4. y 33 Back

Cone مخروط A solid figure with a circular basesolid figure base and one vertexvertex Example: Back

Congruent تطابق Having the same size and shape Example: Back

Constant ثابت A number that appears without a variable in an algebraic expression or equation variable Example: Back

Coordinate plane النظام الاحداثي A plane formed by two perpendicular number lines called axes; every point on the plane can be named by an ordered pair of numbers.planeperpendicularpointordered pair Example: Back

Corresponding angles زوايا متناظرة AnglesAngles that are in the same position and are formed by a transversal cutting two or more linestransversallines Example: and 6 are corresponding angles. 2 Back

Cosine (cos) جيب التمام In a right triangle, the ratio of theright triangle length of the side adjacent to an angle to the length of the hypotenuseanglehypotenuse Example: Back

Cube مكعب A square prism with six congruent square facessquareprismcongruentfaces Example: Back

Cube root جذر تكعيبي One of the three equal factors of a number Example: 3 is the cube root of 27. 3 X 3 X 3 = 27 3 = 27 3 Back

Cylinder اسطوانة A solid figure with two parallel, congruent circular bases connected by a curved surfacesolid figure parallel congruentbases Example: Back

Decimal عدد عشري A number that uses place value andplace value a decimal point to show values less than one, such as tenths and hundredthstenths hundredths Example: 3.47 Back

Denominator مقام The number below the bar in a fraction. It tells the total number of equal parts. fraction Example: Back

Diagonal قطر A line segment that connects two non- adjacent vertices of a polygonline segment verticespolygon Example: Back

Diameter قطر الدائرة A chord that passes through thechord center of a circlecircle Example: Back

Dilation تكبير A transformation that enlarges or reduces a figuretransformation Example: Back

Distributive Property of Multiplication over Addition توزيع الضرب على الجمع The property which states that multiplying a sum by a number gives the same result as multiplying each addend by the number and then adding the products a(b + c) = a X b + a X c Examples: 3( 4 + 5) = 3 X 4 + 3 X 5 Back

Domain المجال The set of the first coordinates of the ordered pairs of a relation; see rangordered pairs Example: In the relation {(2,20), (3,30),( 4,40),( 5,50)}. the domain is {2, 3, 4, 5}. Back

Edge Equation Equilateral triangle Equivalent fractions Evaluate Exponent Exterior angles Face Factorial Formula Function Geometric sequence Greatest common factor (GCF) Helix Horizon line Hypotenuse Identity Property of One Identity Property of Zero Inequality Integers Interior angles Intersecting lines Irrational number Isosceles triangle Even number Flip Fraction Hundredth Hexagon

The line segment along which twoline segment faces of a polyhedron intersectfacespolyhedron Example: Edge حرف Back

Equation معادلة A mathematical sentence that uses an equals sign to show that two quantities are equal Examples: 10 = 3 + 7 x = 3 + 7 y = x + 4 Back

Equilateral triangle مثلث متطابق الاضلاع A triangle with three congruenttrianglecongruent sides and three congruent anglesangle Example: Back

Equivalent fractions تساوي الكسور FractionsFractions that name the same number Example: Back

Evaluate اوجد قيمة To find the value Examples: 5 X (5 – 2) =25 X 3 = 75 Back 2

Even number عدد زوجي A whole number that has 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8 in the ones place Examples: 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16, … Back

Exponent أ ُس The number that indicates how many times the base is used as a factorbase Example: 2 = 2 X 2 X 2 = 8 The exponent is 3, indicating that 2 is used as a factor three times. 3 Back

Exterior angles زوايا خارجية The angles on the outer sides ofangles two lines cut by a transversallinestransversal Example: Angles 1, 2, 7, and 8 are exterior angles. Back

Face وجه A flat surface of a polyhedronpolyhedron Example: The cube has 6 faces. Back

The product of all whole numbers, except zero, less than or equal to a number Example: 5! Read as 5 factorial. 5!= 1 X 2 X 3 X 4 X 5 Factorial مضروب Back

Flip يطوي A move that involves flipping a figure across a line line Example: Back

Formula صيغة A rule that is expressed using symbols Examples: The area and the circumference of a circle can be computed by using the following formulas: A =  r C =  d 2 Back

Fraction كسر A number that names part of a whole or part of a group Example: Back

Function دالة A relation in which no two ordered pairs have the same x-valueordered pairs Example: Function {(4,8), (3,7), (2,6), (1,5)} Not a Function {(3,8), (2,7), (1,6), (1,5)} is matched with 5 and 6. 1 Back

Geometric sequence متتابعة هندسية An ordered list of numbers that has a common ratio between consecutive terms. Example: 2,6,18,54, ….. Back

Greatest common factor (GCF) القاسم المشترك الأكبر The largest common factor of two or more given numbers Example: 18 : 1,2,3,6,9,18 30 : 1,2,3,5,6,10,15,30 the GCF of 18 and 30 is 6. Back

Helix لولبي A spiral-shaped curve in space that goes around an axis Examples: Back

Hexagon سداسي A polygon with 6 sides and 6 anglespolygonangles Examples: Back

Horizon line مستقيم افقي A horizontal line that represents the viewer's eye level Example: Back

Hundredth واحد من مئة One of one hundred equal parts Example: Back

Hypotenuse وتر In a right triangle, the sideright triangle opposite the right angle;right angle the longest side in a right triangle Example: Back

Identity Property of One العنصر المحايد الضربي The property which states that multiplying a number by 1 does not change the number's value Examples: 1 x 6 = 6 a. 1 = a Back

Identity Property of Zero العنصر المحايد الجمعي The property which states that adding zero to a number does not change the number's value Examples: 0 + 3 = 3 y + 0 = y Back

Inequality متباينة A mathematical sentence that shows the relationship between quantities that are not equal, using,, or Examples: 6 < 9 3x > 12 y  x + 5 Back

Integers اعداد صحيحة The set of whole numbers and their opposites Example: Back

Interior angles زوايا داخلية AnglesAngles on the inner sides of two lines cut by a transversallinestransversal Example: Angles 3, 4, 5, and 6 are interior angles. Back

Intersecting lines مستقيمين متقاطعين Two lines that cross at exactly one pointlinespoint Example: Back

Irrational number العدد الأصم A number that cannot be expressed as a repeating or terminating decimal Example: Back

Isosceles triangle مثلث متساوي الساقين A triangle with two congruent sidestrianglecongruent Example: Back

lateral surface least common denominator (LCD) least common multiple (LCM) line line of symmetry line segment linear equation Midpoint Monomial Obtuse angle Octagon Open figure Opposites Order of operations Ordered pair Origin point Parallel lines Parallelogram Pentagon Percent Perfect square Perimeter Perpendicular lines Pi(  ) Place value Plane Point Point of rotation Polygon Polyhedron Prime number Prism Property of Zero Odd number

lateral surface السطح الجانبي The curved surface of a cylinder or a conecylinder cone Example: Back

least common denominator (LCD) القاسم المشترك الأصغر The smallest number, other than zero, that is a multiple of two or more denominatorsdenominators Example: Back

least common multiple (LCM) المضاعف المشترك الأصغر The smallest number, other than zero, that is a multiple of two or more given numbers Example: 6: 6,12,18,24,30,….. 9: 9,18,27,36,45,….. The LCM of 6 and 9 is 18. Back

line مستقيم A set of points that extends withoutpoints end in opposite directions Example: Back

line of symmetry محور تناظر A line that divides a figure into two congruent partsline congruent Example: Back

line segment قطعة مستقيمة A part of a line or ray, consistinglineray of two endpoints and all pointspoints between those endpoints Examples: Back

linear equation معادلة خطية An equation whose graph isequation a straight lineline Example: The linear equation for the graph below is y = 2x + 1. Back

Midpoint منتصف قطعة مستقيمة The point that divides a line segment into two congruent line segmentspointline segmentcongruent Example: is the midpoint of AB M Back

Monomial وحيدة الحد An expression that is a number, a variable, or the product of a number variable and one or more variables Examples: 3x 7 5yx Back

Obtuse angle زاوية منفرجة An angle whose measure is greater than 90° and less than 180°angle Example Back

octagon شكل مثمن A polygon with 8 sides and 8 anglespolygonangles Examples: Back

Odd number عدد فردي A whole number that has 1, 3, 5, 7, or 9 in the ones place Examples: 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,... Back

open figure منحنى مفتوح A shape that does not begin and end at the same pointpoint Examples: Back

Opposites معكوس Numbers that are the same distance from zero, but in opposite directions from zero Example: These pairs of numbers are opposites on the number line. 1 and -1 3 and -3 7 and -7 Back

Order of operations ترتيب العمليات The correct order in which the operations are done within an expression 1-Do the operations inside parentheses or above and below a fraction bar. 2- Find the value of any numbers in exponent form. 3- Multiply and divide from left to right. 4- Add and subtract from left to right. Example: Add inside parentheses Clear exponent Divide and multiply Subtract 10 ÷ (2 + 8) X 2 – 4 = 10 ÷ 10 X 2 – 4 = 10 ÷ 10 X 8 – 4 = 8 – 4 = 4 = 3 3 Back

Ordered pair زوج مرتب A pair of numbers used to locate a point on a coordinate planepointcoordinate plane Example: (3,2)represents 3 spaces to the right of zero and 2 spaces up. Back

Origin point نقطة الأصل The point on the coordinate planepointcoordinate plane where the x-axis and the y-axis intersect, (0,0)x-axisy-axis Example: Back

Parallel lines مستقيمين متوازيين LinesLines that never cross and are always the same distance apart Example: Back

Parallelogram متوازي أضلاع A quadrilateral with 2 pairs ofquadrilateral parallel sides, 2 pairs of equal angles, and 2 pairs of equal sides Examples: Back

Pentagon خماسي A polygon with 5 sides and 5 anglespolygonangles Examples: Back

Percent نسبة مئوية The ratio of a number to 100; percent means "per hundred". Example: Back

Perfect square مربع كامل A number that has an integer asinteger its square rootsquare root Example: 16 is a perfect square. Back

Perimeter محيط The distance around a figure Example: 2cm + 3 cm + 3 cm = 8 cm The perimeter of this figure is 8 centimeters. Back

Perpendicular lines مستقيمين متعامدين LinesLines that intersect to form 90° anglesangles, or right anglesright angles Example: Read: Line RS is perpendicular to line MN. Back

Pi(  ) باي( ط ) The ratio of the circumference of a circle to the length of its diameter;circumference circle diameter Back

place value القيمة المكانية The value of a digit as determined by its position in a number Example Back

Plane مستوى A flat surface that goes on forever in all directions Example Back

Point نقطة An exact location Example. A point A Back

Point of rotation نقطة دوران The point about which a rotation is centeredpointrotation Example: Back

Polygon مضلع A closed plane figure formed by threeplane or more line segmentsline segments Examples: Back

Polyhedron متعدد السطوح A solid figure with flat faces that are polygonssolid figure faces polygons Examples: Back

Prime number عدد أولي A whole number greater than 1 and whose only factors are itself and 1 Examples: 17 factors are 17 and 1 29 factors are 29 and 1 Back

Prism منشور A solid figure whose bases are congruent, parallel polygons andsolid figure bases congruentpolygons whose other faces are parallelogramsparallelograms Examples: rectangular prism triangular prism Back

Property of Zero خاصية الضرب في الصفر The property which states that the product of 0 and any number is 0 Examples: 8 X 0 = 0 0 X a = 0 Back

Quadrant Quadrilateral Quadratic function Quarter Quotient Ray Rectangle Rectangular prism Reflection Remainder Radius Regular polygon Relation Rhombus Right angle Right triangle Rotation Rotational symmetry Scalene triangle Sequence Similar figures Simplest form Sine (sin) Slant height Slide Slope Solid figure Solution Sphere Square Square root Straight angle Supplementary angles Surface area Symmetry

Quadrant ربع المستوى الإحداثي One of the four regions of the coordinate plan Example: Back

Quadrilateral شكل رباعي A four-sided polygonpolygon Examples: Back

Quadratic function دالة من الدرجة الثانية A function of the form y = nx is a quadratic function 2 Back

Quarter ربع 25 Dirham Back

Quotient خارج القسمة The answer in a division problem Example: The quotient is 7. Back

Ray شعاع A part of a line that begins at one endpoint and extends forever in onlyline one direction G F Ray GF Example: Back

Rectangle منطقة مستطيلة A plane figure with 4 side andplane 4 right anglesright angles Example: Back

Rectangular prism شبه مكعب ” متوازي مستطيلات“ A solid figure in which all six facessolid figure faces are rectanglesrectangles Example: Back

Reflection انعكاس The result of a figure flipped over a lineflipped line Example: Back

Remainder باقي القسمة The number that is left over after dividing Example: Back

Radius نصف القطر A line segment with one endpoint atline segment the center of a circle and the other endpoint on the circlecircle Example: Back

Regular polygon مضلع منتظم A polygon in which all sides and all angles are congruentpolygon angles Example: Back

Relation علاقة A set of ordered pairsordered pairs Example: {(5,1),(10,2),(15,3),(20,4),(25,5)} Back

Rhombus معين A parallelogram whose four sidesparallelogram are congruent and whose opposite angles are congruent angles Example: Back

Right angle زاوية قائمة An angle that forms a square cornerangle and measures 90° Example: Back

Right triangle مثلث قائم الزاوية A triangle with exactly one right angletriangleright angle Examples: Back

Rotation دوران A type of transformation, or movement, that results when a geometric figure is turned about a fixed pointtransformationpoint Example: Back

Rotational symmetry تناظر حول نقطة A figure has rotational symmetry when it can be rotated less than 360° around a central point, or point of rotation and still match the original figurerotation Example: Back

Scalene triangle مثلث مختلف الأضلاع A triangle with no congruent sidestriangle Example: Back

Sequence متسلسلة An ordered list of numbers Example: 5,7,9,11,13,... Back

Similar figures التشابة Figures that have the same shape but may not have the same size Example: Back

Simplest form أبسط صورة A fraction is in simplest form when the numeratorfraction and denominator have nodenominator common factors other than 1. Examples: The form of an expression when all like terms are combined Example: 4x + 3x + 2 = 7x + 2 simplest form Back

جيب الزاوية In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an angle to the length of the hypotenuseright triangleanglehypotenuse Sine (sin) Back

Slant height ارتفاع الميل The distance from the base of a cone to its vertex, measured along the lateral surfacebaseconevertex lateral surface Example: Back

Slide انسحاب A movement of a figure to a new position without turning or flipping itflipping Example: Back

Slope ميل The measure of the steepness of a line; the ratio of vertical change to horizontal changeline Example: Back

Solid figure مجسم A three-dimensional figure Examples: Sphere cube Cylinder rectangular prism Cone square pyramid Back

Solution حل The value or values that make an equation an inequality, or system of equations true equationinequality Examples: x – 4 = 16 x + 3 > 9 x – 4 + 4 = 16 + 4 x + 3 – 3 > 9 – 3 x = 20 x > 6 20is the solution. Any number greater than 6 is a solution. Back

Sphere كرة A solid figure with all points the same distance from the centersolid figure points Example: Back

Square مربع A rectangle with 4 congruent sidesrectangle Example: -------------------------------------------------- The product of a number and itself Example: 25 is the square of 5 because 5 X 5 = 25. 5 X 5 = 5 Read as 5 squared. 2 Back

Square root جذر تربيعي One of the two equal factors of a number Example: 6 is the square root of 36 because 6 = 36. 2 Back

Straight angle زاوية مستقيمة An angle whose measure is 180°angle Example: ABC is a straight angle. Back

Supplementary angles زاويتين متكاملتين Two angles whose measures haveangles a sum of 180° Example: m ABD + m DBC = 124° + 56° = 180° Back

Surface area المساحة الكلية The sum of the areas of all the faces, or surfaces, of a solid figureareas facessolid figure Example: Area of face A = 11 X 5 = 55 Area of face B = 21 X 11 = 231 Area of face C = 21 X 5 = 105 Area of face D = 21 X 11 = 231 Area of face E = 21 X 5 = 105 Area of face F = 11 X 5 = 55 55+231+105+231+105+55=782 So, the surface area is 782 in. 2 Back

Symmetry تناظر When one half of a figure looks like the mirror image of the other half Example : Back

Tangent (tan) Tenth Transformation Trapezoid Triangle Transversal Trigonometric ratios Variable Venn diagram Vertex Volume X-axis X-coordinate Y-axis Y-coordinate

Tangent (tan) دالة الظل ( ظا ) In a right triangle, the ratio ofright triangle the length of the side opposite an angle to the length of theangle side adjacent to the angle Back

Tenth عُشر One of ten equal parts Example: Back

Transformation تحويل هندسي The movement of a figure, either a translation, rotation, or reflection Examples: Back

Trapezoid شبه منحرف A quadrilateral with only one pair of parallel sidesquadrilateral Example: Back

Triangle مثلث A polygon with 3 sides and 3 anglespolygonangles Examples: Back

Transversal قاطع A line that intersects two or more linesline Example: Line AB is a transversal. Back

Trigonometric ratios نسب مثلثية Ratios which compare the lengths of the sides of a right triangle; the commonright triangle ratios are tangent, sine, and cosine. Example: Back

Variable متغير A letter used to represent one or more numbers in an expression, equation, or inequalityequation inequality Examples: 5a 2x = 8 3y + 4 10 a, x, and y are variables. Back

Venn diagram أشكال فن A diagram that is used to show relationships between sets Example: Back

Vertex رأس A point where two or more rays meet, where sides of a polygon meet, or where edges of a polyhedron meet; the top point of a cone or pyramid; in a network,pointrayspolygonpolyhedron a point that represents an object Examples: Back

Volume حجم The measure of the space a solid figure occupiessolid figure Example: The volume of this figure is 24 cubes. Back

X-axis محور السينات The horizontal axis on the coordinate plane Example: Back

X-coordinate الإحداثي السيني The first number in an ordered pairordered pair Example: ( 4,6) 4 is the x-coordinate. Back

Y-axis محور الصادات The vertical axis on the coordinate plane Example: Back

Y-coordinate الإحداثي الصادي The second number in an ordered pair;ordered pair tells whether to move up or down along the y-axis of the coordinate plane y-axiscoordinate plane Example: (3, 2 ) 2 is the y-coordinate. Back

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