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Higher Maths Strategies www.maths4scotland.co.uk Click to start The Wave Function

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Maths4Scotland Higher The Wave Function The following questions are on Non-calculator questions will be indicated Click to continue You will need a pencil, paper, ruler and rubber.

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Maths4Scotland Higher Part of the graph of y = 2 sin x + 5 cos x is shown in the diagram. a)Express y = 2 sin x + 5 cos x in the form k sin (x + a) where k > 0 and 0 a 360 b) Find the coordinates of the minimum turning point P. Hint Expand ksin(x + a): PreviousNext Quit Equate coefficients: Square and add Dividing: Put together: Minimum when: P has coords. a is in 1 st quadrant (sin and cos are +)

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Maths4Scotland Higher Hint Expand ksin(x - a): PreviousNext Quit Equate coefficients: Square and add Dividing: Put together: Sketch Graph a)Write sin x - cos x in the form k sin (x - a) stating the values of k and a where k > 0 and 0 a 2 b) Sketch the graph of sin x - cos x for 0 a 2 showing clearly the graph’s maximum and minimum values and where it cuts the x-axis and the y-axis. Table of exact values a is in 1 st quadrant (sin and cos are +)

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Maths4Scotland Higher Hint Expand kcos(x + a): PreviousNext Quit Equate coefficients: Square and add Dividing: Put together: Express in the form a is in 1 st quadrant (sin and cos are +)

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Maths4Scotland Higher Hint Express as Rcos(x - a): PreviousNext Quit Equate coefficients: Square and add Dividing: Put together: Find the maximum value of and the value of x for which it occurs in the interval 0 x 2 . a is in 4 th quadrant (sin is - and cos is +) Max value:when Table of exact values

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Maths4Scotland Higher Hint Expand ksin(x - a): PreviousNext Quit Equate coefficients: Square and add Dividing: Put together: a is in 1 st quadrant (sin and cos are both +) Express in the form

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Maths4Scotland Higher Hint Max for sine occurs PreviousNext Quit Max value of sine function: Max value of function: The diagram shows an incomplete graph of Find the coordinates of the maximum stationary point. Sine takes values between 1 and -1 3 Coordinates of max s.p.

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Maths4Scotland Higher Hint Expand kcos(x - a): PreviousNext Quit Equate coefficients: Square and add Dividing: Put together: a is in 1 st quadrant (sin and cos are both + ) a) Express f (x) in the form b) Hence solve algebraically Solve equation. Cosine +, so 1 st & 4 th quadrants

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Maths4Scotland Higher Hint Use tan A = sin A / cos A PreviousNext Quit Divide Sine and cosine are both + in original equations Solve the simultaneous equations where k > 0 and 0 x 360 Find acute angle Determine quadrant(s) Solution must be in 1 st quadrant State solution

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Maths4Scotland Higher Hint Use Rcos(x - a): PreviousNext Quit Equate coefficients: Square and add Dividing: Put together: a is in 2 nd quadrant (sin + and cos - ) Solve equation. Cosine +, so 1 st & 4 th quadrants Solve the equation in the interval 0 x 360.

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Maths4Scotland Higher Previous Quit You have completed all 9 questions in this presentation Back to start

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Maths4Scotland Higher Return 30°45°60° sin cos tan1 Table of exact values

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