Presentation on theme: "By Rodeline Belizaire. Does a Democracy (democratic nation) have an obligation to see democracy take develop in other places? Please explain your answer."— Presentation transcript:
The Spanish Civil War was the result of a extended period of national political unrest—unrest in a country where the gap between “left” and “right” was rapidly widening, and government had been unable to improve the poverty in which millions of its citizens lived.
“The Left” The new republican government; urban dwellers/workers; loyalists; most agricultural laborers; many of the educated middle classes. Those who supported the elected government were called “republicans” (Loyalists) – left-wing liberals Roman Catholic church; military; aristocracy (nobility – land owners), monarchists, most businessmen, and others. Spanish Confederation of the Autonomous Right – a Spanish political party that saw itself as a protector of religion, family, and property. Those who supported the military were called “nationalists” (Rebels) - right- wing conservatives. “The Right”
New republican/democratic regime after the monarchy, proposed liberal political, Economic, and social changes: -Changes that would give a greater political voice to the urban working class and the rural poor. - Changes that called for land reform - Changes that called for the separation of church and state These liberal changes threatened the Spanish Hierarchy.
Premier Francisco Largo CaballeroGeneral Francisco Franco
The military rebellion, led by General Francisco Franco began place on July 18, 1936. Franco and his military expected a quick victory and takeover of the entire country. The military however, did not anticipate the determination of the Spanish people ( Loyalists), who took up arms, to defend their ideals, and the hope of what Spain could become.
Franco and his military quickly realized that they were not going to win simply because they were “superior”. They were in for a prolonged struggle against their own people and were uncertain of the outcome. The military called on fascist dictatorships of Italy, Germany, and Portugal for assistance, and they soon began receiving both men and supplies from Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Antonio Salazar.
On 27 February, the Great Britain and France recognized the Franco regime. Francisco Franco proclaimed victory during a radio speech on April 1, 1939, when the last of the Republican forces surrendered. Hitler invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, and led to the start of World War II.
Why would a country ignore a clear humanitarian or international crisis?