Presentation on theme: "Tuesday 9/2 RAP Is your nation going to be the best nation created in this class? Why or why not? Today: 1.Present each nation to class. Each person must."— Presentation transcript:
Tuesday 9/2 RAP Is your nation going to be the best nation created in this class? Why or why not? Today: 1.Present each nation to class. Each person must have a roll in presenting. 2.Work on your study guide for the test.
Wednesday 1/28 RAP How did you study for the test yesterday? Do you think that was the best way to prepare for the test? Explain. Today: CE presentations –Austin G and Grace CNN student news Ch. 5 terms and questions.
After reading Ch. 5: Political parties Which party did you most self identify with? Why?
Monday 2/2 RAP What did you think of the internet activity? Did the results come out as you expected? Explain. Today: Review political parties Begin Ch. 6 voting
Political Parties Political parties help to ensure that the government is aware of the views of the people.
Definition: A group of people with broad common interests who organize to win elections, control gov’t and influence government policies.
One-Party System Usually found in nations with authoritarian governments.
Multi-Party System Countries where voters have a wide range of choices.
Two-Party System Government in which two major parties compete for power.
Party Symbol: Republican During the mid term elections in 1874, Democrats tried to scare voters into thinking President Ulysses S. Grant would seek to run for an unprecedented third term. Thomas Nast, a cartoonist for Harper's Weekly, depicted a Democratic donkey trying to scare a Republican elephant - and both symbols stuck. For a long time, Republicans have been known as the 'G.O.P.' with party faithful believing it meant the 'Grand Old Party.' But apparently the original meaning (in 1875) was 'gallant old party.' When automobiles were invented it also came to mean, 'get out and push.' That's still a pretty good slogan for Republicans who depend every campaign year on the hard work of hundreds of thousands of everyday volunteers to get out and vote and push people to support the causes of the Republican Party.
Party Symbol: Democrat The donkey first appeared as a symbol for the Democratic Party in the 1830s when the Democrat Andrew Jackson was President. The donkey continued in American political commentary as a symbol for the Democratic Party thereafter. Thomas Nast built upon this legacy and used his extraordinary skill to amplify it. For a time, the rooster also served as the symbol of the Democratic Party, but gradually the donkey replaced it in popular usage after the 1880s. Nast first used the donkey as a symbol for the Democratic Party in "A Live Jackass Kicking a Dead Lion" published January 15, 1870, in Harper's Weekly to comment on Northern Democrats (nicknamed Copperheads) dealings with Edwin M. Stanton, Lincoln's Secretary of War."
Third Party Any party other than the two major parties. Also referred to as a minor party.
Types of Third Parties Single-Issue Focuses entirely on one major social, economic or moral issue. Ex. The Right to Life party
Types of Third Parties Ideological Party Focuses on an overall change in society rather than one issue. Its views are generally extreme. Ex. The Communist Party
Types of Third Parties Splinter Party Splits away from one of the major parties because of a disagreement. Ex. The Bull Moose Party of 1912 ( The Progressive Party of 1912 was an American political party. It was formed by former President Theodore Roosevelt, after a split in the Republican Party between himself and President William Howard Taft. Roosevelt boasted "I'm fit as a bull moose," after being shot in an assassination attempt prior to his 1912 campaign speech in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.)
Amazing as it may seem Most of the important minor parties in our nations history have been splinter parties.
Third Party Impact Third parties can draw votes away from the major parties. They promote ideas that were at first unpopular or hotly debated. Minor parties take clear cut stands on controversial issues
Third Party Obstacles Getting on the ballot Campaign finance Image
Ross Perot Ran for president 1992. He was a Texas industrialist and ran as an independent. He never served as a public official. In certain polls, Perot led the three-way race with Republican nominee George H. W. Bush, the incumbent President, and Governor Bill Clinton of Arkansas, the Democratic nominee. He dropped out in July 1992 amid controversy, but reentered in October, and surpassed the 15% polling threshold to reach his goal of participating in all three presidential debates. Despite an aggressive use of campaign infomercials on prime time network television, his polling numbers never fully recovered from his initial exit. On Election Day, Perot appeared on every state ballot as a result of the earlier draft efforts. He won several counties and finished in third place, receiving close to 19 percent of the popular vote, the most won by a third-party presidential candidate since Theodore Roosevelt in 1912.
Ralph Nader: Presidential campaign history 1972 1992 1996 2000: In the 2000 presidential election in Florida, George W. Bush defeated Al Gore by 537 votes. Nader received 97,421 votes, which led to claims that he was responsible for Gore's defeat. "In the year 2000, exit polls reported that 25% of my voters would have voted for Bush, 38% would have voted for Gore and the rest would not have voted at all." 2004 Political activist, as well as an author, lecturer, and attorney. Areas of particular concern to Nader include consumer protection, humanitarianism environmentalism, and democratic government.
The future for the Reform Party, the Green Party and other "third parties" in the American system One or both of the two major parties is bound to "steal" their issues, incorporate them into their platforms and absorb their supporters into their ranks. The declining success of the Reform Party is due in large part to the fact that both the Republicans and Democrats have taken up the core issues championed by Ross Perot in 1992--balancing the budget and reforming the federal government. The Reform Party, consequently, no longer holds an obviously unique position on the issues that attracted so many voters in 1992.
How to start a political party The rules differ depending on where you live, but in general all you have to do to start a political party is gather enough signatures. Once you've got your signatures, you just have to number the pages, have a witness sign the bottom of each one, and then bind the whole package "by any means which will hold the pages together in numerical order."
Send the thing to the State Board of Elections, and voilà! Of course, you'll need a name for your party. You'll also need a logo or emblem. If you send in your petition without a party name and logo, the board may pick them on your behalf. Let’s look through a list of US Political parties
Lets read about the tea party movement. They are part of the GOP The tea party is a very powerful movement within the Republican party. The Tea Party, which came together in January and February 2009, has no one founder.
Tea Party some facts Supporters of the Tea Party tend to be 45 years of age or older. Men make up more of the Tea Party than women. At least 78 percent of Tea Party supporters have never attended a rally, donated to a Tea Party group or visited a Tea Party Web site.
Fox News is the political and current events information source for 66 percent of Tea Party supporters. Although people from the South and West make up most of the Tea Party, 28 percent are from the Midwest and 27 percent are from the East, as reported in a USA Today poll.
Political Party functions What they do Recruiting candidates Educating the public - publish platform (what the party stands for) Operating the Government patronage (those people that support the government) Government “watchdog”
Now lets look at some other national parties. When we are finished I will have you check to see if you can identify different parties.
In your notes Choose the proper party designation for the following parties. Major party Single issue Ideological Splinter
National Party Name Democratic National Committee major Grassroots Party Splinter (from green) Greens/Green Party ideological
National Party Name Libertarian Party Splinter (from republican) American Nazi party Ideological Pot Party Single Issue
National Party Name Prohibition Party Ideological; began as single issue Puritan Party ideological Republican National Committee major
National Party Name Socialist Party USA ideological Young Socialists Splinter/ideological Progressive Labor Party Single issue
Political parties in the USA Here is some of the political parties we have in the US today.