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Presented by Skylar Mooyoung, Ivan Beck, Jenny Lewis, Gabe FG LINCOLN AND THE 1860 ELECTION.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by Skylar Mooyoung, Ivan Beck, Jenny Lewis, Gabe FG LINCOLN AND THE 1860 ELECTION."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by Skylar Mooyoung, Ivan Beck, Jenny Lewis, Gabe FG LINCOLN AND THE 1860 ELECTION

2 REPUBLICAN PLATFORM As the Whig Party dissapears the Republican party is able to become a stronger party Lincoln promises to not want to abolish slavery, but he is apposed to its expansion westward Due to its opposition to expansion of slavery the Republican party gains very little support from the South, but high support from the North The Republican platform supports the federal government receiving more power than the state government.

3 DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM  Originally choosing Douglas as the Democratic party’s only candidate, slavery arouse as a conflict.  The South was unhappy with this and the Southern faction elected Breckinridge to represent them instead.  The Democratic platform supports the state government having more power than the federal government

4  The Constitutional Union Party platform supports all of the laws of the constitution very heavily.  The party’s platform also supports the idea of the Union staying together. CONSTITUTIONAL UNION PARTY PLATFORM

5 The Republican candidate  Abraham Lincoln The Democratic candidate  Stephen A. Douglas (Northern Faction)  John C. Breckinridge (Southern Faction) Constitutional Union Party candidate  John Bell CANDIDATES AND THE ELECTION OF 1860

6 Abraham Lincoln




10  Abraham Lincoln wins 40% of the popular vote but is still able to win the election due to the fact that he wins 60% of the electoral vote  Popular vote is what the people of America vote  Electoral vote is the vote where the states representatives vote based on the majority of what their states vote  People call him the least popular president ever elected POLITICAL DIVIDE


12  Secession is the action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, or a political state  South Carolina secedes in December 1860 before Lincoln is elected. 6 more states secede before the inaugural address. The last 4 states secede after Fort Sumter when Lincoln calls for 75,000 men, with a total of 11 Southern states that secede. SECESSION


14  Lincoln tells the border states that they can keep slavery in order for them to stay with the Union and not seceded.  Lincoln tells the South that he will not abolish slavery in the South because “we are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies.”  These border states are very important toward the civil war. If Maryland secedes from the union then the south will be in control of a state directly north of the capital.  The border states are Delaware, Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland and in 1863 West Virginia breaks off of Virginia and becomes a border states. BORDER STATES AND THE SOUTH



17  No intention to destroy slavery, apposed to slavery’s expansion westward  Defending the union and keeping it together  Get the union back together without blood shed LINCOLNS GOALS

18  Lincoln in the inaugural speech, talks to both the free soilers and the abolitionists in the speech.  Lincoln describes to the free soilers how he does not want slavery to expand westward  Lincoln explains that slavery is the mainly enforced thing in the country and that is why the country is corrupt-appeals to abolitionists ABOLITIONISTS AND FREE SOILERS

19  In the speech, Lincoln looks to the Constitution in recognition that the Constitution was created in order “to form a more perfect union”. He believes that with the destruction of the Union (from secession) the Constitution did not do its part because the Union was better before the document when the United States was together. LINCOLN AND THE CONSTITUTION

20  Lincoln believes that the reason why the nation is corrupt is because the “fugitive slave clause of the Constitution and the law for the suppression of the foreign slave trade” are the most enforced laws in the entire nation and constitution. The South heavily supports them and the North heavily believes that they are wrong. Lincoln believes that because the nation has enforced these laws so much that the nation is focusing on the wrong constitutional aspects of the society. THE CONSTITUTION AND SLAVERY

21  Lincoln ends his speech with his off the top of his head paragraph because he wants his main message to come across : keeping the Union together  The lines in the paragraph describe how Lincoln believes that all the North and the South should stop fighting in the line “we are not enemies but friends, we must not be enemies.”  Lincoln also describes how the nation has history, fighting for their independence, different systems of government and the line “The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearth stone all over this broad land will yet swell the chorus of the Union.” LINCOLN’S LAST PARAGRAPH

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