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FUNDAMENTALS OF PARTY HISTORY. Party Cycles party control typically shifts every 30 or 40 years sometimes change is incremetal, sometimes cataclysmic.

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Presentation on theme: "FUNDAMENTALS OF PARTY HISTORY. Party Cycles party control typically shifts every 30 or 40 years sometimes change is incremetal, sometimes cataclysmic."— Presentation transcript:


2 Party Cycles party control typically shifts every 30 or 40 years sometimes change is incremetal, sometimes cataclysmic Federalists vs. antiFederalists---developmental period when constitutional government was just getting started---marked by competing philosophies of Hamilton and Jefferson---central power vs states rights Democrats vs Whigs---Andy Jackson was the focus point---Democrats were the renergized Jeffersonians, Whigs were a coalition party linked by common dislike of Jackson---northern industrialists and southern planters Pre Civil War---Democrats were pro slavery southerners and more moderate northerners, Republican Party is born as the anti slavery party and becomes the party of Lincoln---more extreme party---anti slave faction and pro business northerners---Republicans controlled Civil War and then reconstruction--- reinforced southerners as democrats---1876 Tilden/Hayes election ended Reconstruction and led to Jim Crow laws in the south Republican dominated Gilded Age---robber barons, monopolies and the Industrial revolution---stock market crash in 1929 ends the period Democratic dominated period of FDR and the New Deal---interesting coalition of racial and ethnic minority working class and white southerners---more activist central government to solve problems of depression and WWII

3 Realignment vs Dealignment party association/identification 1932 is a realignment election as blacks leave the Republican Party and support FDR---they have remained Democrats--- southern whites illustrate dealignment---start becoming disatisfied with national Democratic Party in the 1940’s and 50’s as civil rights were elevated as a party platform---remained Democrats for many years in state and local politics while voting Republican for president---very difficult culturally to switch to the party of Lincoln and Reconstruction---became much more popular for southern whites to become Republicans with Ronald Reagan in the 1980’s---accelerated with Newt Gingrich in the 90’s and continued with President Bush in 2000---consider white southerners as being an incremental extended dealignment to eventual realignment 1968 modern political history is characterized with a competitive two party system with republicans and democrats taking turns as the majority---both would like to argue majority status but the period is clearly marked by competitiveness---southern whites and their dealignment is a focal point--- White House largely controlled by Republicans, Congress generally by Democrats---

4 POLITICAL CONTINUUM strong conservative movement in the Republican party---they have to unseat the New Deal-- -this takes awhile---moderate Republicans largely support many elements Robert Taft (1950’s) Barry Goldwater (1960’s) Ronald Reagan (1980’s) Newt Gingrich (1990’s) George W Bush (2000’s) internal Republican conflict between conservative right and moderate center Democrats have a continuous conflict between the progressive left and the moderate center led by those white southerners that stay in the party---DLC vs. Jesse Jackson Liberal (Progressive) Moderate (center) Conservative DLC/ Bill Clinton Jesse Jackson wing Tea PartyReligious Right Reagan

5 Realignment vs Dealignment party association/identification 1970’s Nixon and Gerald Ford are both moderate Republicans---Watergate dominates and overshadows quite a few good things Jimmy Carter----“one termer”---crippling recession and Iranian hostages 1980’s Ronald Reagan and Republican conservatism dominate the decade-- -weakened Democrats engaged in internal conflict between moderates and progressives---DLC vs Jesse Jackson wing 1990’s Bill Clinton vs Newt Gingrich----the DLC and Democratic moderates take control of party and move it to the center---Newt Gingrich moves to broaden the reach and influence of republican Party and conservatism--- focus on state and local offices--Gingrich and the Republicans regain control of the Congress in 1994 midterm 2000 George W Bush----social, economic and foreign policy conservatism--- divisive more partisan politics continues----Bush’s second term spoiled with Iraq war fatigue, Katrina missteps and Wall Street meltdown----Democrats regain control of Congress in 2006 midterms 2008 Historic election of Barack Obama----first black president; primary vs Hillary Clinton; Sarah Palin first female on Republican ticket ----tremendous optimism for Democrats

6 Red, Blue, Purple Red states--Republican blue states--Democrat purple states--“not so simple”

7 Policy Triangle economic policy, foreign policy, domestic policy assessment of presidential and party success Foreign Policy Economic PolicyDomestic Policy Obama -Unemployment-9-10% -Wall Street up Bush -Wall Street meltdown Obama -Afghanistan -Iran -Guatanamo Bay/Terrorism Bush -Iraq -Afghanistan Obama -Gas Price Rise-$5.00 -Healthcare -BP Oil Spill Bush -mishandling of Katrina

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