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FUNDAMENTALS OF PARTY HISTORY. Party Cycles party control typically shifts every 30 or 40 years sometimes change is incremetal, sometimes cataclysmic.

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Presentation on theme: "FUNDAMENTALS OF PARTY HISTORY. Party Cycles party control typically shifts every 30 or 40 years sometimes change is incremetal, sometimes cataclysmic."— Presentation transcript:

1 FUNDAMENTALS OF PARTY HISTORY

2 Party Cycles party control typically shifts every 30 or 40 years sometimes change is incremetal, sometimes cataclysmic Federalists vs. antiFederalists---developmental period when constitutional government was just getting started---marked by competing philosophies of Hamilton and Jefferson---central power vs states rights Democrats vs Whigs---Andy Jackson was the focus point---Democrats were the renergized Jeffersonians, Whigs were a coalition party linked by common dislike of Jackson---northern industrialists and southern planters Pre Civil War---Democrats were pro slavery southerners and more moderate northerners, Republican Party is born as the anti slavery party and becomes the party of Lincoln---more extreme party---anti slave faction and pro business northerners---Republicans controlled Civil War and then reconstruction--- reinforced southerners as democrats Tilden/Hayes election ended Reconstruction and led to Jim Crow laws in the south Republican dominated Gilded Age---robber barons, monopolies and the Industrial revolution---stock market crash in 1929 ends the period Democratic dominated period of FDR and the New Deal---interesting coalition of racial and ethnic minority working class and white southerners---more activist central government to solve problems of depression and WWII

3 Realignment vs Dealignment party association/identification 1932 is a realignment election as blacks leave the Republican Party and support FDR---they have remained Democrats--- southern whites illustrate dealignment---start becoming disatisfied with national Democratic Party in the 1940’s and 50’s as civil rights were elevated as a party platform---remained Democrats for many years in state and local politics while voting Republican for president---very difficult culturally to switch to the party of Lincoln and Reconstruction---became much more popular for southern whites to become Republicans with Ronald Reagan in the 1980’s---accelerated with Newt Gingrich in the 90’s and continued with President Bush in consider white southerners as being an incremental extended dealignment to eventual realignment 1968 modern political history is characterized with a competitive two party system with republicans and democrats taking turns as the majority---both would like to argue majority status but the period is clearly marked by competitiveness---southern whites and their dealignment is a focal point--- White House largely controlled by Republicans, Congress generally by Democrats---

4 POLITICAL CONTINUUM strong conservative movement in the Republican party---they have to unseat the New Deal-- -this takes awhile---moderate Republicans largely support many elements Robert Taft (1950’s) Barry Goldwater (1960’s) Ronald Reagan (1980’s) Newt Gingrich (1990’s) George W Bush (2000’s) internal Republican conflict between conservative right and moderate center Democrats have a continuous conflict between the progressive left and the moderate center led by those white southerners that stay in the party---DLC vs. Jesse Jackson Liberal (Progressive) Moderate (center) Conservative DLC/ Bill Clinton Jesse Jackson wing Tea PartyReligious Right Reagan

5 Realignment vs Dealignment party association/identification 1970’s Nixon and Gerald Ford are both moderate Republicans---Watergate dominates and overshadows quite a few good things Jimmy Carter----“one termer”---crippling recession and Iranian hostages 1980’s Ronald Reagan and Republican conservatism dominate the decade-- -weakened Democrats engaged in internal conflict between moderates and progressives---DLC vs Jesse Jackson wing 1990’s Bill Clinton vs Newt Gingrich----the DLC and Democratic moderates take control of party and move it to the center---Newt Gingrich moves to broaden the reach and influence of republican Party and conservatism--- focus on state and local offices--Gingrich and the Republicans regain control of the Congress in 1994 midterm 2000 George W Bush----social, economic and foreign policy conservatism--- divisive more partisan politics continues----Bush’s second term spoiled with Iraq war fatigue, Katrina missteps and Wall Street meltdown----Democrats regain control of Congress in 2006 midterms 2008 Historic election of Barack Obama----first black president; primary vs Hillary Clinton; Sarah Palin first female on Republican ticket ----tremendous optimism for Democrats

6 Red, Blue, Purple Red states--Republican blue states--Democrat purple states--“not so simple”

7 Policy Triangle economic policy, foreign policy, domestic policy assessment of presidential and party success Foreign Policy Economic PolicyDomestic Policy Obama -Unemployment-9-10% -Wall Street up Bush -Wall Street meltdown Obama -Afghanistan -Iran -Guatanamo Bay/Terrorism Bush -Iraq -Afghanistan Obama -Gas Price Rise-$5.00 -Healthcare -BP Oil Spill Bush -mishandling of Katrina


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