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SSUSH13 The Student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era.

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Presentation on theme: "SSUSH13 The Student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era."— Presentation transcript:

1 SSUSH13 The Student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era.

2 Reform Movements in the Progressive Era

3 Preview and Processing 1.Who is the man in the picture? 2.What position did he hold? 3.Where was this picture taken?

4 Progressive Era 1890-1920 The progressive movement were reform efforts that were meant to give people opportunities and correct injustices. Goals: Protecting social welfare Promoting moral improvement Creating economic improvements Fostering efficiency

5 Progressive Presidents Theodore RooseveltWilliam Howard TaftWoodrow Wilson

6 Theodore Roosevelt

7 1858-New York City Sickly child Books caused love for outdoors 1895-NYC Police Commissioner Merit system War of 1898/Spanish American War Rough Riders-San Juan Hill 1899- Governor of New York

8 1900 election-VP to McKinley (Republican) Sept. 6, 1901- McKinley assassinated 26 th president

9 Roosevelt’s Presidency Federal responsibility for welfare programs Publicity campaigns= model for future presidents “bully pulpit” – Square Deal

10 Trustbusting Sherman Antitrust Act Railroad Regulation Elkins Act Hepburn Act Regulating Food and Drugs Meat Inspection Act Pure Food and Drug Act Land Conservation National Reclamation Act Federal Government Responsible for:

11 Yosemite National Park

12 Yellowstone National Park

13 1908 Election William Howard Taft-Republican (wins) William Jennings Bryan-Democrat “Vote for Taft this time, You can vote for Bryan anytime.”


15 Taft Born in 1857-son of a judge Yale Graduate Federal Circuit Judge by 34. Aspirations for Supreme Court Civil Administrator in the Philippines(roads, school, economy) Appointed by TR as Secretary of War

16 Taft’s Presidency “Cautiously Progressive” The Payne-Aldrich Tariff Land Disputes – Secretary of the Interior: Richard A. Ballinger – 1 million acres

17 Progressives vs. Old Guard Republican Party splits 1912- Bull Moose Party “Welfare of the people” “as strong as a bull moose”- Roosevelt

18 Bull Moose Party Advocated for: – Women’s suffrage – 8 hour workday – minimum wage for women – Federal law against child labor – Direct election of senators (17 th Amendment) – Initiative – Recall – Referendum

19 Making the Connection Define : 1.Initiative 2.Recall 3.Referendum

20 1912 Election Republicans: William H. Taft Bull Moose: Theodore Roosevelt Democrats: Woodrow Wilson (wins)


22 Election Ran on “New Freedom” Antitrust, banking reform, reduced tariffs National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) marched on Wilson’s inauguration.

23 Wilson Born 1856 in Virginia Son of a Presbyterian minister College of New Jersey (Princeton) lawyer/history professor/Princeton University professor 1910 Governor of New Jersey

24 Wilson’s Presidency 2 antitrust measures: 1.Clayton Antitrust Act 2.Federal Trade Commission New Tax system Underwood Act 16 th Amendment-Federal Income Tax Federal Reserve Act of 1913 Federal Reserve System

25 1910:Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Washington, and Idaho 1919: Women’s Suffrage (19 th Amendment)

26 Muckrakers

27 Journalists John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress Examples: Ida Tarbell Upton Sinclair Jacob Riis

28 Upton Sinclair The Jungle Chicago meatpacking industry Meat Inspection Act



31 Ida Tarbell History of the Standard Oil Company


33 Making the Connection 1. What is the definition of a muckraker? 2. What are some of the issues that present day muckrakers could report on now?

34 Reform Movements

35 3 part strategy for suffrage – Tried to convince legislatures for right to vote – Pursued court cases (using 14 th Amendment) – Pushed for an amendment that gave them the right to vote

36 Addam’s Hull House Influenced by Toynbee Hall Ellen G. Starr and Jane Addams 1889 Civic Responsibility Day care, libraries, classes, employment bureau

37 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire March 25, 1911 Horrible safety missions Locked doors 146 Employees dead

38 Gained support for workers’ unions Government now had power to make laws to protect the workers Workplace conditions had to be improved


40 Jim Crow Poll tax/Grandfather clause Segregation laws Schools/hospitals/parks/transportation Lynching

41 NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Formed in 1909 W.E.B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington, Ida B. Wells, Henry Moskowitz 1917: 9,000 1919: 90,000 300+ local branches

42 Plessy v. Ferguson 1896 Separate but equal

43 Making the Connection 1.Who were the progressives? 2.How successful were the progressives in making progress?

44 Progressive Amendments 16 Amendment: income tax 17 Amendment: Direct Election of senators 19 Amendment: Women’s Suffrage

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