Preview and Processing 1.Who is the man in the picture? 2.What position did he hold? 3.Where was this picture taken?
Progressive Era 1890-1920 The progressive movement were reform efforts that were meant to give people opportunities and correct injustices. Goals: Protecting social welfare Promoting moral improvement Creating economic improvements Fostering efficiency
Progressive Presidents Theodore RooseveltWilliam Howard TaftWoodrow Wilson
1858-New York City Sickly child Books caused love for outdoors 1895-NYC Police Commissioner Merit system War of 1898/Spanish American War Rough Riders-San Juan Hill 1899- Governor of New York
1900 election-VP to McKinley (Republican) Sept. 6, 1901- McKinley assassinated 26 th president
Roosevelt’s Presidency Federal responsibility for welfare programs Publicity campaigns= model for future presidents “bully pulpit” – Square Deal
Trustbusting Sherman Antitrust Act Railroad Regulation Elkins Act Hepburn Act Regulating Food and Drugs Meat Inspection Act Pure Food and Drug Act Land Conservation National Reclamation Act Federal Government Responsible for:
Taft Born in 1857-son of a judge Yale Graduate Federal Circuit Judge by 34. Aspirations for Supreme Court Civil Administrator in the Philippines(roads, school, economy) Appointed by TR as Secretary of War
Taft’s Presidency “Cautiously Progressive” The Payne-Aldrich Tariff Land Disputes – Secretary of the Interior: Richard A. Ballinger – 1 million acres
Progressives vs. Old Guard Republican Party splits 1912- Bull Moose Party “Welfare of the people” “as strong as a bull moose”- Roosevelt
Bull Moose Party Advocated for: – Women’s suffrage – 8 hour workday – minimum wage for women – Federal law against child labor – Direct election of senators (17 th Amendment) – Initiative – Recall – Referendum
Making the Connection Define : 1.Initiative 2.Recall 3.Referendum
1912 Election Republicans: William H. Taft Bull Moose: Theodore Roosevelt Democrats: Woodrow Wilson (wins)
Election Ran on “New Freedom” Antitrust, banking reform, reduced tariffs National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) marched on Wilson’s inauguration.
Wilson Born 1856 in Virginia Son of a Presbyterian minister College of New Jersey (Princeton) lawyer/history professor/Princeton University professor 1910 Governor of New Jersey
Wilson’s Presidency 2 antitrust measures: 1.Clayton Antitrust Act 2.Federal Trade Commission New Tax system Underwood Act 16 th Amendment-Federal Income Tax Federal Reserve Act of 1913 Federal Reserve System