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A)Where was the Women’s Rights Convention held? b)What is suffrage? c)Why did some women oppose the 14 th and 15 th amendments?

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Presentation on theme: "A)Where was the Women’s Rights Convention held? b)What is suffrage? c)Why did some women oppose the 14 th and 15 th amendments?"— Presentation transcript:

1 a)Where was the Women’s Rights Convention held? b)What is suffrage? c)Why did some women oppose the 14 th and 15 th amendments?

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3 Theodore Roosevelt became a war hero in the Spanish-American War and later was elected to governor of New York. He then ran as the VP with McKinley. When McKinley was assassinated in 1901, Teddy Roosevelt became president at 42 years old. The Square Deal Roosevelt’s policy to better American Society. It was founded upon 3 basic ideas: 1) Conserve natural resources2) control of corporations 3) consumer protection

4 Using Federal Power  “Trust-busting”- trusts controlled 4/5 th of the industries  He sued Northern Securities Company (the RR monopoly) and won  1902 Coal Strike – a 5 month long strike that saw coal prices rise was ended by Roosevelt when he called in a 3 rd party arbitrator to negotiate (result was 10% pay increase and a 9 hr. work day)  Railroad Regulations – passed two acts to regulate the RR and activities with elected officials Health & Environment  Meat Inspection Act – dictated cleanliness and inspection standards (inspired by Upton Sinclair’s book The Jungle)  Pure Food and Drug Act – no sale of contaminated food and medicine, & truth in labeling  Natural Resources – ignored in the late 19 th Century, Roosevelt set aside millions of acres in parks/forests/water reserves  Conservation – some areas preserved and others are developed for the common good

5 A NAUSEATING JOB, BUT IT MUST BE DONE Which book was responsible for prompting the investigation illustrated in this cartoon? (1)The Octopus by Frank Norris (2)The Jungle by Upton Sinclair (3)The Shame of the Cities by Lincoln Steffens (4)How the Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis In 1906, the federal government responded to the situation shown in the cartoon by (1)Taking control of meatpacking facilities (2)Sending federal troops to end a strike by meatpackers (3)Banning imported meat products (4)Authorizing government inspection of meat processing plants *Questions 25 and 26 from the June 2014’s test*

6 Civil Rights  Not as progressive with the idea of civil rights for African Americans  Invited Booker T. Washington to the White House  African Americans held a civil rights conference in Niagara Falls  1909 – NAACP formed (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)

7 After defeating William Jennings Bryan in the 1908 election (Roosevelt refused to run for a 3 rd term), Taft took the presidency as the next progressive Republican. Taft was very cautious and sought to consolidate reform, rather than build reform like Roosevelt had done. Tariffs  Wanted to lower tariffs to promote competitive prices in the market place  Met with opposition from Congress  Signed the Payne-Aldrich Bill, which did increase some rates -This angered many as a betrayal of progressives Public Land  Appointed Richard Ballard (wealthy lawyer) as Secretary of the Interior  Returned 1 million acres to public domain  Again, angered Progressives Progressivism Split  The Republican party was split and lost many of the mid-term elections in the House of Representative  now Democratic controlled  As a result of the Republican Convention, progressives formed a new political party, The Bull Moose Party, and nominated Roosevelt for another term

8 Despite breaking up 90 trusts during his time, Taft was in for a messy re-election in Democrats nominated Woodrow Wilson who had a strongly progressive campaign. Wilson won with 75% of the electoral votes and Taft went to Yale to teach law. Women  Locally, suffrage movements strengthened  Carrie Chapman Catt became the new leader of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)  Alice Paul & Lucy Burns picketed the white house  19 th Amendment – written in 1919 and took effect in 1920 Civil Rights  Made promises for increased equality but could never deliver  African American leaders were dismayed at the lack of action by the white leaders  During his 2 nd term, Wilson would be preoccupied by WWI and Progressivism would end

9 Financial Reform  Wilson targeted big corporations  Clayton Antitrust Act – prohibited buying stock of one company if it would create a monopoly & legalized unions and farm organizations  Federal Trade Commission (FTC) – given power to investigate corporate activities  Income Tax – 16 th Amendment a graduated income tax system (how much you pay depends on how much you make)  Federal Reserve System – Federal Reserve Act of 1913 started the system still used today, 12 districts in the US with a regional central bank known as the “bankers bank”


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