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Political Parties 1. Party Political Election Manifesto/Poster Activity (40 mins) 2. Party Organisation and the Two Party System (Flash Card Activity)(30.

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Presentation on theme: "Political Parties 1. Party Political Election Manifesto/Poster Activity (40 mins) 2. Party Organisation and the Two Party System (Flash Card Activity)(30."— Presentation transcript:

1 Political Parties 1. Party Political Election Manifesto/Poster Activity (40 mins) 2. Party Organisation and the Two Party System (Flash Card Activity)(30 mins) 3. Third Parties (Handout to read) 10 mins 4. Q and A Summary: Similarities and Differences with the UK Party Political System (10 mins) 5. Timed Essay Planning and Writing (25-30 mins)

2 Party Political Election Poster /Leaflet Activity -40 mins  Firstly, highlight and read: The hand out on The Republican and Democrat Party. (Make sure you highlight key idea, values, policies)  Use the Card, paper and pictures  Create Party Political Election Posters or Leaflets, explaining to voters: Your Policies, Ideas, How you are different to the other party (attack). Why people should vote for you !

3 Party Organisation and the Two Party System (follow and complete the flash cards) (30 mins)  US is decentralised –based on federalism  National Committees: Both Republican & Democrat, based in DC. The committees organise national conventions (where national parties meet and nominate president).  Have debated powers. In 2008 presidential nomination process. The DNC decided that only Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, South Carolina could hold primaries before 4 Feb 2008. But Florida & Michigan scheduled theirs for 15/29 th January. The DNC finally decided to only allow delegates to attend with half a vote!

4  Congressional Committees:  Each Party has a series of committees in Congress –over see policy and campaigning. Can be powerful: Senator Schumer (NY) was given credit for Democrats 2008 campaign  State Level: Confusing array of laws, customs and power with governors and mayors  State Party Committees and State Party Conventions.  State & local Parties: increasingly dominated by two kinds of party activist: ’issue activists’ and ‘candidate activists’

5 The Two Party System  Often described as parties who regularly win 80% of the popular vote in general elections and 90% of seats in legislature and control the executive branch  See table 3.9 (pg 136)

6 The reasons for a 2 party System?  First past post electoral system makes life difficult for third parties (often have widespread support but only pick up a fraction of the votes in every state)  Splits vote (3 rd candidate) -just lowers percentage needed for other incumbents  Ideological Differences: No room for others to attract support. Major parties are all embracing  Primary Elections makes major parties more responsive to the electorate, minimises need for ‘protest votes’.

7  Not a two Party System?  Ralph Nader argues that parties have become so ideologically indistinct (similar)  Mark Shields (Washington Post, 1997)  ‘ As of today, the country has two Republican parties, separated by the issue of abortion’  Idea of 50 party System:  Mark Mardell (BBC, 2009) ‘ Parties are not all controlling, they are undisciplined, decntralised, state based parties with no national leader or national policy programme’ Perhaps only for presidential campaigns are they united’  Parties are partly organised at national level, but organised differently at local level

8 Third Parties? -10 mins  Read hand out and highlight on third parties in US Politics  (Homework: read up on third party difficulties)

9 Similarities or different to the UK Party System?-10 mins  With the help of your tutor, summarise the similarities and differences with the UK Party Political System.

10 Timed Essay Planning  The ideological differences between the Democratic and Republican parties are far greater than the differences within them.’ Discuss.  20 mins  Create your own essay plan and write the essay withint eh time framework.  Ensure you allow time for:  Writing a Plan  Writing the essay  Reading back over and edits

11 Homework for 22/4/13  Complete the Revision Flash Cards for: Third Parties and The differences between the Republicans and the Democrats, party political funding and theories of party decline  Read up, make notes on Pressure Groups and then complete the essay: In what ways, and to what extent, do pressure groups exert influence through initiatives and propositions? 40 min essay


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