Presentation on theme: " Let’s pretend that your family has decided to go out to dinner tonight. How would your family go about making the decision of where to go out to dinner?"— Presentation transcript:
Let’s pretend that your family has decided to go out to dinner tonight. How would your family go about making the decision of where to go out to dinner? Please write at least three complete sentences. Possible answers: Mom Decides (or Dad… but we all know who is really in charge) Parents Decide together Family Vote Other options?
Autocracy – power is held by a single ruler Rule of One Oligarchy – power is held by a small, elite group of people in society Rule of Few Democracy – power is held by the people Rule of Many Direct Democracy – all people vote on everything Indirect Democracy (REPUBLIC)– people elect representatives who make decisions Which of these sounds most like our government?
Read pgs. 21-27 in We the People books Answer: What are the three characteristics of republican government? Draw and complete the following chart in notes: ADVANTAGES of republican government DISADVANTAGES Of republican government
Citizens have the power to govern Citizens delegate their power to elected leaders who represent the people’s interests Both citizens and their representatives work together toward the common good
ADVANTAGES of republican government DISADVANTAGES Of republican government 1.Representatives serve the common good -How? -Self-Interest (re-election) 2.More efficient -Specialized law-makers 3.All people still have a voice in government -How? -Voting! 4.Representatives are responsible to be the voice of the people -What prevents them from serving special interests only? -Self-Interest (re-election) 1.Works best in smaller settings where communication is easy -Do you know your U.S. senators? -Do you know your state representative? 2.Diversity in population can be problematic -What if you are the voice of a district that has half republicans and half democrats? -Half rich and half poor? 3.Can create factions -Special interests can have a big influence
Get into groups of 2-4 (no more than 4) Read pgs. 26-27 in WE THE PEOPLE Reflect on the story as you discuss and create answers to the questions that follow the reading. Have designated people within your group ready to answer each question.
Absolute Monarchy Monarch has absolute power Does not include “Constitutional Monarchs” like the Queen of England Dictatorship/Totalitarianism One leader who not only controls behavior, but attempts to control thinking Fascism Communism Theocracy Religious leader in charge People must follow laws of the religion King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia Adolf Hitler Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
Two Forms of Totalitarianism FascismCommunism Benito Mussolini -founded Italian Fascism (Italy 1922-1943) Adolf Hitler - Nazi Germany - extreme nationalism - warlike policies - persecution of minorities - all property is owned by the government - the government controls all publications, radio, and television, and restricts journalism Kim Jong-il, North Korea Examples: North Korea, Cuba, the former Soviet Union
Oligarchy - Power is held by a small, elite group of people in society. - Often controlled by a few powerful families who raise their children to inherit the government Autocracy - “Rule by a Single Person” Democracy - “Rule by the Many” wealth political influence military strength family ties to an aristocracy ruthlessness Examples: Ancient Sparta; South Africa under apartheid when the white minority ruled the black majority (1948-1994) There really aren’t any true oligarchies in the world today. Characteristics:
Types of Democracies/Republics Direct Democracy Representative Democracy/Republic Liberal Democracy - All the citizens vote directly on the laws - Representatives vote on the laws - Representative Democracy that includes the protection of minorities, separation of powers, and protection of liberties Full Presidential Republic Semi-Presidential Republic Parliamentary Republic Three Forms of Republics
Rule of One – Monarch or King inherit related one rare Absolute Constitutional aristocracy military strength political influence wealth inheritelite weak takes elected inherit dictator force AllDirect representative s The people ruthlessness Rule of the many – People Rule of the few – Small Group Rule of One - Dictator Liberal representatives Representative all King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia Adolf Hitler South Africa under apartheid U.S. and many other nations in various forms
Two Forms of Democratic Government Presidential Republic Parliamentary Republic - The President is both the Chief Executive and the Head of State - Powers of the President are usually balanced (or shared) with those of the legislature - The President is elected independently by the people, not by the legislature U.S. President Barack Obama - Head of State and Chief Executive are two separate offices. Head of State is either a President or a Monarch. Chief Executive is often called a Prime Minister. - Head of State is usually a ceremonial role, while the Prime Minister runs the government. - Prime Minister is not elected, but is usually chosen by the party with the most seats in the legislature, or is sometimes appointed by the President. British Queen Elizabeth II & Prime Minister David Cameron
Some countries combine Presidential and Parliamentary Systems Semi-Presidential Republic The President is usually elected by the people and serves as head of state, but is more than a purely ceremonial figurehead. The President also has some power to run the government. The Prime Minister is usually appointed by the President, and sometimes elected by the people, and serves as the head of government. In France, the President controls foreign policy and the Prime Minister controls domestic policy. France President François Hollande Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault (appointed by the President) Examples: France, Russia
Three Systems of Government Unitary Confederation Federal Strong Central Government Weak Central Government Strong State Governments Weak State Governments Strong Central Government Powers of the Central Gov’t. Powers of the States Shared Powers Strong State Governments
Unitary System of Government Definition: A strong central government controls weaker state and local governments. Strong Central Government Central Government can take power away from the state and local governments at any time. Central Government acts directly on the people. Examples: United Kingdom, France, Sweden Weak State Governments
Confederation System of Government Definition: Independent, strong state governments with a weak central government. Weak Central Government Strong States have independent control over their own area Central government only controls things of common concern States can withdraw from the Confederation at any time Central government acts on the states, not directly on people Example: Second Athenian Empire, Old Swiss Confederacy StateGov-ern-ments
Before the Founding Fathers created the Constitution, most nations had either a Unitary or Confederate system of government. Governments held authority over the people. The people did not control the government. In some countries, the King was in charge. In Confederation governments, the local or state government was in charge. The people had little say. In a Federal System of government, the people decide who gets the power. In the Constitution, the Framers decided to split the power between the central government and the state governments.
Federal System of Government Definition: Power is shared between the central government and state governments. Strong Central Government The Central Government is usually stronger than the state governments, but there are some powers the states have that the Central Government does not have. Examples: United States, India, Canada, Germany, Mexico Powers of the Central Government Powers of the State Governments Shared Powers Create post offices Declare war Create public schools Tax the people Strong State Governments
STRONG CENTRAL WEAKER FRANCE UNITED KINGDOM PEOPLE CENTRAL POWERS SHARED UNITED STATES STATES WEAKER STRONG SHARED POWERS STATE POWERS STRONG Central Govt. weak Central Govt. STRONG State Govts. weak State Govts. STRONG State Govts.