14Structure National Committee State Central Committee County Committees Precinct LevelParty Workers
15Political Parties Nominate candidates Pick the best person to run GovernsActs as a watchdog
16Political PartiesA multi-party system brings a broader and more diverse electorate but it also causes instability.A one-party system is the same as a no-party system.
17Political PartiesDemocrat electorate usually consists of Catholics, Jews, African-Americans, high-school graduates single, younger.Republican electorate usually consists of Protestants, business people, college graduates, married, older.
18Political Action Committees Political Action Committees, commonly called "PACs," are organizations dedicated to raising and spending money to either elect or defeat political candidates.
19Political Action Committees Most PACs are directly connected to specific corporations, labor groups, or recognized political parties.
20Political Action Committees Examples of these PACs include Microsoft (a corporate PAC) and the Teamsters Union (organized labor).
21Political Action Committees PACs solicit contributions from employees or members and make contributions in the PACs name to candidates or political parties.
22Political Action Committees Non-connected or ideological PACs raise and spend money to elect candidates -- from any political party -- who support their ideals or agendas
23Political Action Committees Non-connected PACs are made up of individuals or groups of U.S. citizens, not connected to a corporation, a labor party or a political party.
24Political Action Committees Examples of non-connected PACs include the National Rifle Association (gun owner rights) and Emily's List (abortion, pro-choice). A non-connected PAC can solicit contributions from the general public of U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
25Political Action Committees A third type of PAC, called "leadership PACs" are formed by politicians to help fund the campaigns of other politicians.
26Political Action Committees Politicians often create leadership PACs in an effort to prove their party loyalty or to further their goal of being elected to a higher office.
27Political Action Committees Under federal election laws, PACs can legally contribute only $5,000 to a candidate committee per election (primary, general or special). They can also give up to $15,000 annually to any national party committee, and $5,000 annually to any other PAC.
28LobbyistsSomeone who tries to persuade legislators to vote for bills that the lobbyists favor
29LobbyistsA lobbyist is one who is professionally employed to lobby on behalf of clients or who advises clients on how to lobby on their own behalf.
30What Are Interest Groups? An interest group (special interests) is an organization of people with similar policy goals that try to influence the political process to try to achieve those goals.Interest groups try to influence everybranch and every level of government.
31The Roots and Development of American Interest Groups Interest groups have been part of the American political landscape since the country’s founding.
32What Do Interest Groups Do? The most common and effective interest group technique is lobbying or seeking to influence and persuade others to support a group's position.
33What Do Interest Groups Do? Lobbyists are hired by a college oruniversity, businesses, foreign countries, trade associations, and anyone else wanting their voice heard on policy matters.
34Important Points to Think About Interest Groups:Promote interest in public affairsProvide useful informationServe as watchdogsRepresent the interest of citizens
36The Media and Public Opinion Public opinion is a dominant force in American politics and especially so during the long electoral process. If a presidential candidate fails to hit it off with the media at the first primary, then that presidential candidate is likely to have a political mountain to climb up to the November election.National television has ensured that candidates pitch everyword that they say with great care. What a candidate does,what a candidate will do on a campaign trail and what he says is usually determined by the availability of television coverage. It is the primary purpose of a campaign manager to ensure that a candidate gets this. Speeches have now become orientated to television and 30 seconds sound bites have become the norm rather than a classic speech. Short, sharp quotes are far more media friendly than a long speech on financial reform, welfare reform etc
37Which of these describes the political party system in the U. S Which of these describes the political party system in the U.S.: one party system, two party system, or multi-party system?Which of the images shown above are examples of the "mass media"?What election is conducted with the Electoral Collegesystem?
38Political process:political partiestwo-party systemthird partiescampaignplatformnational conventions (Republican, Democratic)role of mediaspecial interest groups and associationsPACsLobbyistsPolitical spectrumreactionaryconservativemoderateliberalradicalhawkdove