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THE REPUBLICAN RESURGENCE 8 YEARS OF R. REAGAN In what ways did Reagan & Republicans re-establish leadership in the executive office?

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Presentation on theme: "THE REPUBLICAN RESURGENCE 8 YEARS OF R. REAGAN In what ways did Reagan & Republicans re-establish leadership in the executive office?"— Presentation transcript:

1 THE REPUBLICAN RESURGENCE 8 YEARS OF R. REAGAN In what ways did Reagan & Republicans re-establish leadership in the executive office?

2 THE ELECTION OF 1980 CARTER & MONDALE CARTER & MONDALE REAGAN & G.H.W.BUSH REAGAN & G.H.W.BUSH “ARE YOU BETTER OFF THAN YOU WERE 4 YEARS AGO?” “ARE YOU BETTER OFF THAN YOU WERE 4 YEARS AGO?” REPUBLICAN MAJORITY IN SENATE; HOUSE STILL IN THE HANDS OF DEMOCRATS REPUBLICAN MAJORITY IN SENATE; HOUSE STILL IN THE HANDS OF DEMOCRATS ROLE OF MORAL MAJORITY & GROWING EVANGELICAL MOVEMENT ROLE OF MORAL MAJORITY & GROWING EVANGELICAL MOVEMENT REAGAN: CIVIC PERSONAL-ITY, GIFTED SPEAKER, RETURN TO SIMPLER TIMES, NEVER APPEARED TO BE RIGID IDEOLOGUE, FRIENDLY & RELAXED MANNER REAGAN: CIVIC PERSONAL-ITY, GIFTED SPEAKER, RETURN TO SIMPLER TIMES, NEVER APPEARED TO BE RIGID IDEOLOGUE, FRIENDLY & RELAXED MANNER

3 DOMESTIC POLICY: 1 ST ADMINISTRATION SUPPLY SIDE ECONOMICS OR REAGANOMICS SUPPLY SIDE ECONOMICS OR REAGANOMICS CUT SPENDING & TAXES CUT SPENDING & TAXES “VOODOO ECONOMICS” “VOODOO ECONOMICS” ECO PROBLEMS PLAGUE COUNTRY UNTIL 1983 & INFLATION 4% ECO PROBLEMS PLAGUE COUNTRY UNTIL 1983 & INFLATION 4% LAISSEZ FAIRE LAISSEZ FAIRE PATCO STRIKE 1981, INVOKES TAFT-HARTLEY, FIRES WORKERS (REINSTATED UNDER CLINTON) PATCO STRIKE 1981, INVOKES TAFT-HARTLEY, FIRES WORKERS (REINSTATED UNDER CLINTON)

4 WOMEN & MINORITIES THROUGHOUT 70’S WOMEN MADE SOME GAINS BUT NOT FULL EQUALITY. ERA FAILS 1982 THROUGHOUT 70’S WOMEN MADE SOME GAINS BUT NOT FULL EQUALITY. ERA FAILS 1982 OPPOSED BUSING & AFFIRMATIVE ACTION OPPOSED BUSING & AFFIRMATIVE ACTION SANDRA DAY O’CONNOR SANDRA DAY O’CONNOR 3 WOMEN & 1 AA APPOINTED TO FEDERAL BENCH 3 WOMEN & 1 AA APPOINTED TO FEDERAL BENCH CUTS IN SOCIAL PROGRAMS GREATLY HURT POOR, INNER CITY, MINORITY FAMILIES CUTS IN SOCIAL PROGRAMS GREATLY HURT POOR, INNER CITY, MINORITY FAMILIES SAGEBRUSH REBELLION SAGEBRUSH REBELLION

5 FOREIGN POLICY - REVERSE DECLINE IN US POWER OVERSEAS POST IRANIAN HOSTAGE CRISIS. HOSTAGES RELEASED 1/20/81 – OFFICIAL LINE ‘NO CONSPIRACY’ HOSTAGES RELEASED 1/20/81 – OFFICIAL LINE ‘NO CONSPIRACY’ USSR IS THE ‘EVIL EMPIRE’ USSR IS THE ‘EVIL EMPIRE’ SDI: ANTI MISSLE SYSTEM, “STAR WARS”, ENORMOUS COSTS SDI: ANTI MISSLE SYSTEM, “STAR WARS”, ENORMOUS COSTS COLD WAR RHETORIC INCREASES: KOREAN AIRLINER COLD WAR RHETORIC INCREASES: KOREAN AIRLINER IRAN-IRAQ WAR: SUPPORT HUSSEIN & STOP SPREAD OF FUNDAMENTALIST ISLAM IRAN-IRAQ WAR: SUPPORT HUSSEIN & STOP SPREAD OF FUNDAMENTALIST ISLAM ISRAEL-PALESTINE ISSUES ISRAEL-PALESTINE ISSUES

6 THE ELECTION OF 1984 REAGAN & BUSH REAGAN & BUSH MONDALE & FERRARO MONDALE & FERRARO JESSE JACKSON & RAINBOW COALITION JESSE JACKSON & RAINBOW COALITION WOMEN DON’T VOTE AS A BLOCK: RACE, MARITAL STATUS, EDUCATION & ECONIMC SUCCESS ALL PLAY A PART IN HOW THEY VOTE WOMEN DON’T VOTE AS A BLOCK: RACE, MARITAL STATUS, EDUCATION & ECONIMC SUCCESS ALL PLAY A PART IN HOW THEY VOTE 59% popular vote & every state except Minnesota & DC 59% popular vote & every state except Minnesota & DC

7 ECONOMIC WOES

8 EVIL EMPIRE SOFTENS UP SDI – SO EXPENSIVE FOR BOTH U.S. & USSR SDI – SO EXPENSIVE FOR BOTH U.S. & USSR GORBACHEV CAN’T SUPPORT EASTERN EUROPEAN GOV- ERNMENTS ANYMORE GORBACHEV CAN’T SUPPORT EASTERN EUROPEAN GOV- ERNMENTS ANYMORE PERESTROIKA: RESTRUCTURE SOVIET ECONOMY PERESTROIKA: RESTRUCTURE SOVIET ECONOMY GLASNOST: POLITICAL OPENESS GLASNOST: POLITICAL OPENESS “MR. GORBACHEV, TEAR DOWN THIS WALL!” “MR. GORBACHEV, TEAR DOWN THIS WALL!” … AND THE WALL CAME TUMBLING DOWN … AND THE WALL CAME TUMBLING DOWN

9 MIDDLE EAST FOREIGN POLICY 82 ISRAELI INVASION OF LEBANON 82 ISRAELI INVASION OF LEBANON 85 BOMBINGS IN VIENNA & ROME AIRPORTS 85 BOMBINGS IN VIENNA & ROME AIRPORTS TWA FLIGHT HIJACKED ATHENS TO ROME TWA FLIGHT HIJACKED ATHENS TO ROME ACHILLE LAURO ACHILLE LAURO 1986 BERLIN DISCO BOMBED 1986 BERLIN DISCO BOMBED 1987 PALESTINIANS ROSE UP AGAINST ISRAEL IN GAZA & WEST BANK 1987 PALESTINIANS ROSE UP AGAINST ISRAEL IN GAZA & WEST BANK 1988 PAN AM FLIGHT PAN AM FLIGHT 103

10 CENTRAL AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY CARTER & NICARAGUAN POLICY REVERSED & RR SUPPORTS CONTRAS CARTER & NICARAGUAN POLICY REVERSED & RR SUPPORTS CONTRAS US SUPPORT MILITARY JUNTA IN EL SALVADOR US SUPPORT MILITARY JUNTA IN EL SALVADOR BOLAND AMENDMENT NO MORE MILITARY AID TO REBELS BUT RR CONTINUES FUNDING FROM OTHER SOURCES BOLAND AMENDMENT NO MORE MILITARY AID TO REBELS BUT RR CONTINUES FUNDING FROM OTHER SOURCES GRENADA-US OUST PRO CASTRO REGIME TO THEIR DELIGHT & MOST OF L.A. TOO GRENADA-US OUST PRO CASTRO REGIME TO THEIR DELIGHT & MOST OF L.A. TOO

11 IRAN CONTRA AFFAIR ARMS FOR HOSTAGES MONEY FLOWS TO CONTRAS DESPITE CONGRESS MONEY FLOWS TO CONTRAS DESPITE CONGRESS REAGAN DOESN’T NEGOTIATE WITH TERRORISTS BUT WANTS AMERICANS HOME REAGAN DOESN’T NEGOTIATE WITH TERRORISTS BUT WANTS AMERICANS HOME SELL ARMS TO IRAN VIA ISRAEL SELL ARMS TO IRAN VIA ISRAEL SECRET SALE OF US WEAPONS DIRECTLY TO IRAN SECRET SALE OF US WEAPONS DIRECTLY TO IRAN $12 MILL PROFIT WENT TO ARMS FOR CONTRAS $12 MILL PROFIT WENT TO ARMS FOR CONTRAS “I DON’T RECALL”, ROGUE ADMINISTRATION, CONTEMPT FOR THE LAW “I DON’T RECALL”, ROGUE ADMINISTRATION, CONTEMPT FOR THE LAW RR TOOK RESPONSIBILITY W/O ACKNOWLEDGING INVOLVEMENT OR KNOWLEDGE OF EVENTS RR TOOK RESPONSIBILITY W/O ACKNOWLEDGING INVOLVEMENT OR KNOWLEDGE OF EVENTS

12 SOCIAL DILEMMAS AIDS DETECTED IN 1981 AIDS DETECTED IN 1981 WAR ON DRUGS “JUST SAY NO” WAR ON DRUGS “JUST SAY NO” FAILED WAR ON DRUGS: CRACK, CRIME, WALL STREET, MAIN STREET, BACK ALLIES FAILED WAR ON DRUGS: CRACK, CRIME, WALL STREET, MAIN STREET, BACK ALLIES IMMIGRATION: HISPANICS LARGEST GROWING GROUP IMMIGRATION: HISPANICS LARGEST GROWING GROUP 1986 AMNESTY & PENALTIES FOR HIRING UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS 1986 AMNESTY & PENALTIES FOR HIRING UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS SUCCESSFUL BUT ILLEGAL ENTRY CONTINUES SUCCESSFUL BUT ILLEGAL ENTRY CONTINUES

13 ELECTION OF 1988 G.H.W. BUSH & D. QUAYLE J. JACKSON 1 ST AA TO CHALLENGE MAJOR PARTY NOMINATION BUT LOST M. DUKAKIS & L. BENTSEN COULDN’T WIN BACK CONSTITUENCIES LOST IN THE 70’S: S. WHITES, MID- WEST BLUE COLLAR CATHOLICS, MC SUBURBANITES 53% OF POPULAR VOTE 426 TO 111 NEW PATTERN IN PRES. POLITICS: REFIGHT BATTLES OF THE ’60’S – LIBERALS VS CONSERVATIVES


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