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America’s History Sixth Edition CHAPTER 8 Creating a Republican Culture, 1790-1820 Copyright © 2008 by Bedford/St. Martin’s and Matthew Ellington, Ruben.

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Presentation on theme: "America’s History Sixth Edition CHAPTER 8 Creating a Republican Culture, 1790-1820 Copyright © 2008 by Bedford/St. Martin’s and Matthew Ellington, Ruben."— Presentation transcript:

1 America’s History Sixth Edition CHAPTER 8 Creating a Republican Culture, Copyright © 2008 by Bedford/St. Martin’s and Matthew Ellington, Ruben S. Ayala High School Henretta Brody Dumenil

2 1.The Capitalist Commonwealth –Banks, Manufacturing, and Markets –Transportation Bottlenecks and Government Initiatives –Public Policy: The Commonwealth System 2.Toward a Democratic Republican Culture –Social and Political Equality for White Men –Toward a Republican System of Marriage –Raising and Educating Republican Children 3.Aristocratic Republicanism and Slavery –The Revolution and Slavery, –The North and South Grow Apart –The Missouri Crisis, Protestant Christianity as a Social Force –A Republican Religious Order –The Second Great Awakening –Women’s New Religious Roles

3 1A: Banks, Manufacturing, and Markets “Republicanism” had different meanings for people Banking and rural manufacturing gave rise to a new capitalist economy Panic of 1819: led to hostility against banks and foreshadowed regular business cycle Market economy drawbacks: environmental damage, more work, economic dependence

4 1B: Transportation Bottlenecks and Government Initiatives Private turnpikes (e.g. Lancaster in PA) and canals (e.g. Erie in NY) greatly improved transportation Federal government did not fund many “internal improvements” due to Republican opposition

5 1C: Public Policy: The Commonwealth System States legislatures and courts aided road, canal, and dam companies Charters, monopolies, eminent domain, and limited liability were granted

6 2A: Social and Political Equality for White Men American society rewarded individual achievement and wealth over inherited position More white men gained the right to vote while states excluded women and blacks

7 2B: Toward a Republican System of Marriage Sentimentalism encouraged marriage for love Republican ideals (political equality) led to changes

8 2C: Republican Motherhood Birthrate declined sharply beginning in late 1700s Society began to view women as keeper’s of virtue

9 2D: Raising and Educating Republican Children Parenting differed between rural and upper class Schooling seen as necessary only for 3 R’s Little American literature of note until 1830s

10 3A: The Revolution and Slavery, Tens of thousands gained freedom in US Revolution Northern states slowly outlawed slavery after the war Prosser uprising and need for slaves in deep south turned many whites against emancipation

11 3B: The North and South Grow Apart Slavery led to cultural/educational differences Cotton boom, new southern states increased slavery American Colonization Society failed to export slaves

12 3C: The Missouri Crisis Tallmadge amendment tried to end slavery in MO Slavery from “necessary evil” to “positive good” Clay’s Missouri Compromise postponed a crisis

13 4A: A Republican Religious Order Rev. War encouraged separation of church & state States usually provided indirect aid to churches

14 4B: The Second Great Awakening Baptists and Methodists gained most during revivals--they were self- governing, emotional Circuit preachers such as Finney traveled large areas Slave Christianity focused on plight of Hebrews in OT Second Great Awakening fostered religious cooperation and reform movements

15 4C: Women’s New Religious Roles Christian republicanism bolstered women’s authority Women were 70% of Congregationalists by 1820 Women took over school teaching profession


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