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Causes of Secession 1. Concerns regarding the expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories. 1787 The Northwest Ordinance: Keeps slavery out of.

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Presentation on theme: "Causes of Secession 1. Concerns regarding the expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories. 1787 The Northwest Ordinance: Keeps slavery out of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Causes of Secession 1. Concerns regarding the expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories The Northwest Ordinance: Keeps slavery out of the new USA’s northwest. Most Americans felt slavery would die...

2 Causes of Secession 1. Concerns regarding the expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories. The Louisiana Purchase: As land-hungry southerners with slave- backed agriculture spread into this new part of the USA, Northerners halt Missouri’s application for statehood, as slave states would outnumber non-slave states. The Missouri Compromise was worked out. (see previous notes?) 1787 The Northwest Ordinance: Keeps slavery out of the new USA’s northwest. Most Americans felt slavery would die...

3 Causes of Secession 1. Concerns regarding the expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories. The Louisiana Purchase: As land-hungry southerners with slave- backed agriculture spread into this new part of the USA, Northerners halt Missouri’s application for statehood, as slave states would outnumber non-slave states. The Missouri Compromise was worked out. (see previous notes?) 1787 The Northwest Ordinance: Keeps slavery out of the new USA’s northwest. Most Americans felt slavery would die... The Mexican Cession (the USA’s “southwest” that we took from Mexico): Northerners fight politically and physically to keep slavery from expanding into there.

4 Causes of Secession 1. Concerns regarding the expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories. The Louisiana Purchase: As land-hungry southerners with slave- backed agriculture spread into this new part of the USA, Northerners halt Missouri’s application for statehood, as slave states would outnumber non-slave states. The Missouri Compromise was worked out. (see previous notes?) 1787 The Northwest Ordinance: Keeps slavery out of the new USA’s northwest. Most Americans felt slavery would die... The Mexican Cession (the USA’s “southwest” that we took from Mexico): Northerners fight politically and physically to keep slavery from expanding into there. An argument over Political Power! explain... Instead of “Party Politics,” we saw “Regional Politics.” explain... Deadly to any country!

5 Causes of Secession 1. Concerns regarding the expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories. The Louisiana Purchase: The Missouri Compromise was worked out. (see previous notes?) The Mexican Cession (the USA’s “southwest” that we took from Mexico): Northerners fight to keep slavery from expanding into there. An argument over Political Power! Instead of “Party Politics,” we saw “Regional Politics.” explain... Deadly to any country! 2. Federal Power v. “States Rights” Tariffs hurt the South and greatly helped the industrialized North. (can you fully explain?) Thus came the “states rights” doctrine. Fear of future laws (or even an amendment) restricting or outlawing slavery. And thus, further rhetoric of But really, the loss of slavery would destroy the Southern economy. (slave-backed agriculture)

6 Causes of Secession 2. Federal Power v. “States Rights” Tariffs hurt the South and greatly helped the industrialized North. (can you fully explain?) Thus came the “states rights” doctrine. Fear of future laws (or even an amendment) restricting or outlawing slavery. And thus, further rhetoric of Yet, the Fugitive Slave Law helped slave owners. - so here’s the Federal Govt. working FOR the South too... Remember what that is? Then Northern states made “personal liberty laws,” which... - In this the North must be claiming a “states rights” argument. 3. General Abolitionist Activities Rise of Abolitionist Societies in the North and in “Border States.” - Shunned and burned down in the 1820’s, but by 1850‘s listened to and grew. Overall, these are arguments of Political Power with a bit of regional Economic Concerns. explain...

7 Causes of Secession 3. General Abolitionist Activities Rise of Abolitionist Societies in the North and in “Border States.” - Shunned and burned down in the 1820’s, but by 1850‘s listened to and grew. s l a v e s t a t e s t h a t b o r d e r f r e e s t a t e s, l i k e M a r y l a n d, K e n t u c k y, e t c. by 1860, these bordering slave states had growing abolitionist movements!

8 Causes of Secession 3. General Abolitionist Activities Rise of Abolitionist Societies in the North and in “Border States.” - Shunned and burned down in the 1820’s, but by 1850‘s listened to and grew. slave states that border free states, like Maryland, Kentucky, etc. Publications & speeches - Stephen A. Douglas’ newspaper. - Frederick Douglas’s speaking and writing. - Book: Uncle Tom’s Cabin, by Harriet Beacher Stowe. #1 National Best Seller for five years! Alarms the North, stirring resentment against the South. Annoys and angers the Southerners, stirring suspicion and resentment... This is what northerners think of us?!! Moral Concerns. What did he speak about? What was in this book? 4. RADICAL Abolitionist Activities John Brown, his followers, and others who advocate violence. - In Kansas. - In Harper’s Ferry. You must know what happened there! by 1860, these bordering slave states had growing abolitionist movements!

9 - Militia’s form and drill; the beginning of what will become the Confederate Army! Causes of Secession You must know what happened there! 4. RADICAL Abolitionist Activities John Brown, his followers, and others who advocate violence. - In Kansas. - In Harper’s Ferry. Because of these radical actions, Southerners begin to arm and organize to protect themselves against this rising trend in the North. 5. Rise of the Republican Party meant the South’s loss of the Executive Branch and ALL of the Legislative Branch. Republican Party platform is _____________________________ Loss of ALL of the Legislative Branch: The North had ALWAYS had a majority in which house?_____ - Thus, it ends up being strictly a Northern party. r e g i o n a l p o l i t i c s

10 Causes of Secession The Compromise of 1850 upsets the balance in...? Define, explain... Then, how and why was the compromise broken... And the end result is Rise of the Republican Party meant the South’s loss of the Executive Branch and ALL of the Legislative Branch. Republican Party platform is _____________________________ Loss of ALL of the Legislative Branch: The North had ALWAYS had a majority in which house?_____ Loss of ALL say in the Executive Branch: From , the South could stop major legislation that would hurt it in which house?___ because _________________________ - Thus, it ends up being strictly a Northern party. regional politics Abraham Lincoln (Republican) is elected President, despite the fact that he didn’t win in ANY Southern state; and despite the fact that he wasn’t even on the ballot in 11 southern states!!! did you get all that in your notes?

11 Causes of Secession The Compromise of 1850 upsets the balance in...? Define, explain... Then, how and why was the compromise broken... And the end result is Rise of the Republican Party meant the South’s losses Executive & Legislative Branches... Republican Party platform is _____________________________ Loss of ALL of the Legislative Branch: The North had ALWAYS had a majority in which house?_____ Loss of ALL say in the Executive Branch: Abraham Lincoln (Republican) is elected President, despite the fact that he didn’t win in ANY Southern state; and despite the fact that he wasn’t even on the ballot in 11 southern states!!! did you get all that in your notes? Wow! An argument over Political Power: - The South has no say in who sits in the Executive Branch. For the future this means... The Social Contract is argued by the South: This is not a government that will look out for our needs... This is a NORTHERN government! We have no power in this government. This is not our government...


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