Presentation on theme: "1792 Election Results (16 states in the Union) George WashingtonVirginiaFederalist13297.8% John AdamsMassachusetts Federalist 77 57.0% George ClintonNew."— Presentation transcript:
1792 Election Results (16 states in the Union) George WashingtonVirginiaFederalist13297.8% John AdamsMassachusetts Federalist 77 57.0% George ClintonNew YorkDemocratic- Republican 5037.0% Thomas JeffersonVirginiaDemocratic- Republican 43.0% Aaron BurrNew YorkFederalist10.7% Electoral Votes Not Cast --- -----64.4% Total Number of Electors132 Total Electoral Votes Cast264 Number of Votes for a Majority 67
1796 Election Results (16 states in the Union) John AdamsMassachusettsFederalist7151.4% Thomas JeffersonVirginiaDemocratic- Republican 6849.3% Thomas PinckneySouth CarolinaFederalist5942.8% Aaron BurrNew YorkDemocratic- Republican 3021.7% Samuel AdamsMassachusettsFederalist1510.9% Oliver EllsworthConnecticutFederalist118.0% George ClintonNew YorkDemocratic- Republican 75.1% Other--1510.9% Total Number of Electors138 Total Electoral Votes Cast276 Number of Votes for a Majority 70
I. Breakdown in Revolutionary and Constitutional Consensus Revolutionary-Dec. of Ind., Continental Army, Leaders agree Articles of Confederation does not create a real Nation Constitutional Consensus Development of Political Parties and Intense Partisanship especially after Jay’s Treaty Federalists have the upper hand during 1780s
I. Breakdown in Consensus contd. Alien and Sedition Laws-Purpose?? Quasi War with France ends because Adams chooses Nation over Party.
1800 Election Results (16 states in the Union) Thomas JeffersonVirginia Democratic- Republican 7352.9% Aaron BurrNew York Democratic- Republican 7352.9% John AdamsMassachusettsFederalist6547.1% Charles PinckneySouth CarolinaFederalist6446.4% John JayNew YorkFederalist 1 0.7% Total Number of Electors138 Total Electoral Votes Cast276 Number of Votes for a Majority 70
1800 Election Results (Into the House of Representatives!!) 1 vote for each State 1800 Election Results (Into the House of Representatives!!) 1 vote for each State Thomas JeffersonVirginiaDemocratic-Republican1062.5% Aaron BurrNew YorkDemocratic-Republican 425.0% Blank------- 212.5%
II. Revolution of 1800 A. Consequences of the Election of 1800 1. 12 th amendment 2. Hamilton v. Burr Rivalry intensifies B. Why did Jefferson call the Election of 1800 a Revolution? 1. Inaugural Add. renewed consensus? 2. In what ways did Jefferson seek consensus? In what ways did partisanship continue?
III. Change of Power Peaceful-Remarkable Two Jeffersons? How did Jefferson attempt to maintain consensus? Hamilton’s Framework? Alien and Sedition Act lapses. Patronage
IV. Jefferson v. Marshall In other ways Partisanship contd. –Midnight Appts –Repeal of Judiciary Act of 1801 –Impeachments of Pickering and Chase –MARBURY V. MADISON 1803
V. Jefferson’s Foreign Policy A. Military Reduction B. War w/Tripoli
Jefferson’s Foreign Policy contd. C. Louisiana Purchase –Jefferson’s Policy? What was he prepared to do? –Robert Livingstone –Why did Napoleon offer Louisiana? –Did Jefferson have Ideological Problem with purchase? Strict Constructionism? –Federalist Party’s reaction?
When Animals Attack: How to Survive Grizzly Bears, Black Bears, Mountain Lions
Jeff. For. Policy D. Neutrality during the Napoleonic Wars –1803 War Resumes –Rule of 1756 but “Broken Voyage” –Battle of Trafalgar v. Battle of Austerlitz
Change in War: Challenge to American Neutrality 1806 Orders of Council Impressment 1807 Chesapeake Affair HMS Leopard 1807 Embargo Act
Effects of the Embargo Negative Positive Assessment: Why Fail
Failure of Peaceable Coercion Madison takes office 1809 Embargo Act Repealed Non Intercourse Act 1810 Macon’s Bill #2 1810 War Hawks: Henry Clay Sp of House John C. Calhoun, Richard Johnson, William King
War of 1812: Why ? Continued Impressment Continued Violations of Free Trade War on the Wabash: Tecumseh and Tippecanoe. William Henry Harrison War Hawks Economic Recession 1808 Ultimately why did the US go to war in 1812 and not in 1807?
War of 1812-14 Canadian Strategy US Ineffective except for Battle of Thames-William H. Harrison Tecumseh Killed Great Lakes-Erie: Oliver Perry Washington Burned in Raid Naval War: USS Constitution, President, Dec. of Ind. Etc.
Naval Duels Good for Morale But British 800 Men of War US 9 Men of War British stop offering this type of Battle Blockade Delaware and Chesapeake 1812 New York 1813 New England 1814
British Offensive1814 Uh Oh! Napoleonic War over Troops that defeated him sent to America Main Thrust: Niagara and Lake Champlain Thomas MacDonough Washington Burned but just raid Battle of New Orleans 1815 (After Treaty): Andrew Jackson v. Gen. E. Pakenham
Treaty of Ghent: Status Quo Antebellum Significance of War and Treaty 1. 2 nd War for Independence 2. Increased Unity 3. Heroes 4. Stimulated Manufacturing 5. Indians 6. Rush Bagot Agreement 7. Federalist Party: Hartford Convention
Monroe: Era of Good Feelings? Nationalism and Consensus Revived B.U.S. Tariff of 1816: Why necessary?
Judicial Nationalism Marbury v. Madison 1803 McCulloch v. Maryland 1819 Cohens v. Virginia 1821 Gibbons v. Ogden 1824 Fletcher v. Peck 1810 Dartmouth College v. Woodward 1819 John Marshall: Extend Judicial Review, Fed. Supremacy, & Prop./Contracts
Monroe Foreign Policy Treaty of 1818 Florida Crisis Andrew Jackson John Quincy Adams Adams-Onis Treaty/ Florida Purchase Treaty Monroe Doctrine George Canning and JQ Adams