Presentation on theme: "Congressional Leaders"— Presentation transcript:
1 Congressional Leaders Congressional leadership is organized strictly by political party.
2 So where do we start? Majority Party Minority Party Political party that holds the most seats in each house.As of 2010, this is the Republicans.Minority PartyPolitical party that holds fewer seats in each house.As of 2010, this is the Democrats
3 Why is it important to be in the majority? Presiding officers and committee chairs always come from the majority party!It makes it easier to pass laws!
4 House of Representative Leadership The House operates under stronger leadership than the SenateWhy?It has 4 times as many members!Must be strict to keep them in line!Who is the most powerful?Speaker of the House
5 Who and what is the Speaker of the House? John BoehnerRepublicanCongressman from Ohio’s 8th districtWhat does he do?Governs the debate in the House of Reps.Is the public face of the House of Reps.Is 3rd in line if POTUS dies!
6 Who is below the Speaker of the House? Each political party has their own floor leaderMajority party floor leaderaka “Majority Leader”Serves as an assistant to the Speaker of the House.Minority Party floor leaderaka “Minority Leader”Serves as chief voice of minority party
7 Who is the Majority Leader today? Eric CantorRepublican from 7th district in VirginiaBeen in Congress since 2001.
8 Who is the minority leader? Nancy PelosiDemocratCalifornia’s 8th Congressional DistrictBeen in Congress since 1989
9 Who works for the majority and minority leaders? The Whips!!Work feverishly to keep their political parties in line!They demand their members to vote according to the political parties beliefs!Majority whipWorks for the majority partyMinority whipWorks for the minority party
10 Who are the Whips? Majority Whip Minority Whip Kevin McCarthy Republican from CaliforniaMinority WhipSteny HoyerDemocrat from Maryland
11 Senate Leadership The Presiding Officer of the United States Senate Vice President of the United StatesUsed as deciding vote in all ties!Joe BidenDemocrat from Delaware
12 Who is next most powerful person in Senate? President pro temporePerson who is head of Senate when VP is busy doing VP stuff….4th in line if POTUS dies!Who gets to be President pro tempore?The longest serving member of the Majority Party.
13 Who is President pro tempore? Daniel InouyeDemocrat from HawaiiBeen in Congress since 1963!FYI:That’s when JFK was POTUS!!
14 So who is below the President pro tempore? Same as House of RepresentativesMajority and Minority Floor LeadersMajority and Minority Whips
15 Easy Way to Think of It House of Reps Speaker of the House Floor LeadersMajorityMinorityWhipsSenateVice PresidentPresident Pro TemporeFloor LeadersMajorityMinorityWhips