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Congressional Leaders Congressional leadership is organized strictly by political party.

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Presentation on theme: "Congressional Leaders Congressional leadership is organized strictly by political party."— Presentation transcript:

1 Congressional Leaders Congressional leadership is organized strictly by political party.

2 So where do we start? Majority Party –Political party that holds the most seats in each house. As of 2010, this is the Republicans. Minority Party –Political party that holds fewer seats in each house. As of 2010, this is the Democrats

3 Why is it important to be in the majority? Presiding officers and committee chairs always come from the majority party! It makes it easier to pass laws!

4 House of Representative Leadership The House operates under stronger leadership than the Senate –Why? It has 4 times as many members! –Must be strict to keep them in line! –Who is the most powerful? Speaker of the House

5 Who and what is the Speaker of the House? Who? –John Boehner Republican Congressman from Ohio’s 8 th district What does he do? –Governs the debate in the House of Reps. –Is the public face of the House of Reps. –Is 3 rd in line if POTUS dies!

6 Who is below the Speaker of the House? Each political party has their own floor leader –Majority party floor leader aka “Majority Leader” –Serves as an assistant to the Speaker of the House. –Minority Party floor leader aka “Minority Leader” –Serves as chief voice of minority party

7 Who is the Majority Leader today? Eric Cantor –Republican from 7 th district in Virginia –Been in Congress since 2001.

8 Who is the minority leader? Nancy Pelosi –Democrat –California’s 8 th Congressional District –Been in Congress since 1989

9 Who works for the majority and minority leaders? The Whips!! –Work feverishly to keep their political parties in line! They demand their members to vote according to the political parties beliefs! Majority whip –Works for the majority party Minority whip –Works for the minority party

10 Who are the Whips? Majority Whip –Kevin McCarthy Republican from California Minority Whip –Steny Hoyer Democrat from Maryland

11 Senate Leadership The Presiding Officer of the United States Senate –Vice President of the United States Used as deciding vote in all ties! Joe Biden –Democrat from Delaware

12 Who is next most powerful person in Senate? President pro tempore –Person who is head of Senate when VP is busy doing VP stuff…. –4 th in line if POTUS dies! –Who gets to be President pro tempore? The longest serving member of the Majority Party.

13 Who is President pro tempore? Daniel Inouye –Democrat from Hawaii –Been in Congress since 1963! FYI: –That’s when JFK was POTUS!!

14 So who is below the President pro tempore? Same as House of Representatives –Majority and Minority Floor Leaders –Majority and Minority Whips

15 Easy Way to Think of It House of Reps 1.Speaker of the House 2.Floor Leaders 1.Majority 2.Minority 3.Whips 1.Majority 2.Minority Senate 1.Vice President 2.President Pro Tempore 3.Floor Leaders 1.Majority 2.Minority 4.Whips 1.Majority 2.Minority


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