Presentation on theme: "Woodrow Wilson and the New Freedom Section 6.2 Presentations –D.W. Griffith –The Panama Canal 6.2 Slide Show Homework Read 6.2 Unit Test on Progressive."— Presentation transcript:
Presentations –D.W. Griffith –The Panama Canal 6.2 Slide Show Homework Read 6.2 Unit Test on Progressive Era this week ( Agenda for Today
Objectives At the end of this lesson you should be able to: Identify the 4 major candidate and their political parties of the election of 1912 List the “unusual” background of Thomas Woodrow Wilson Outline the major ideas in Wilson’s “New Freedom” platform Outline the major ideas in Roosevelt’s “New Nationalism” platform Use political cartoons to better understand the political issues of 1912
What does the cartoon imply about Roosevelt’s power? About Taft’s power? Time: 1908 The Important Introduction
Who was Woodrow Wilson? Religious Learning Disability PHD from John Hopkins Great speaking ability An elitist Governor of NJ –Independent of political machine –Reformed states’ government –Model of progressive reform
Who was Eugene V. Debs? Socialist candidate Leader of American Railway Union –Pullman Strike (1894) Called for: –collective (social) ownership of factories, mines, and businesses Completely reject capitalism For the worker and the little guy
Who was William Howard Taft? Incumbent –The current office holder Hand picked by TR Disliked being president Viewed by republican progressives as too conservative Wanted to be supreme court justice
Who was Theodore Roosevelt? Returned from African safari trip disappointed (with Taft) Tried to win Republican nomination but lost Joined Progressive party –AKA= Bull Moose Party Divided the republican party
Who does the moose, elephant, and donkey represent? What does the cartoon suggest about the election? Time: Election of 1912
Time: Election of 1912 Issue: Democratic Primary Question: What does the cartoon suggest about the selection of the Democratic candidate?
Who was Woodrow Wilson? Democratic party Experience included: –President of Princeton University –Governor of New Jersey Considered the ‘safe’ candidate by the political machine
Wilson: Elimination of all monopolies Freedom to all small companies and businesses drastic tariff reduction banking reform more strict on antitrust laws Roosevelt: Elimination of “bad” monopolies, keep good ones End child labor Women Suffrage Workman’s compensation Federal Trade Commission (to regulate trade/business) Minimum wage/suffrage for women Initiative, referendum, and recall Describe New Freedom. Describe New Nationalism
Time: Election of 1912 Question: What is the cartoon suggesting about TR?
Political Spectrum Theodore Roosevelt split the Republican party, grouping in the “Progressive Party”, and Taft was a Republican Taft was defeated by Roosevelt However, Roosevelt did not snatch the winning of many Democratic progressives away from Woodrow Wilson
What is the significance of the election of 1912? -Election is the “high water mark” of the progressive movement All candidates were progressive (to some degree) all candidates did not question whether or not society needed reform, but more of how to reform. -New Nationalism vs. New Freedom Winner: Woodrow Wilson Wilson Roosevelt Taft Debs