Presentation on theme: "LESSON OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT"— Presentation transcript:
1LESSON OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT STANDARD(S) ADDRESS: Students analyze the relationship among the rise of industrialization, large-scale rural-to-urban migration, and massive immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe.LESSON OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBATSummarize the events of the Taft presidency.Explain the division in the Republican Party.Describe the election of 1912.
3Progressivism Under Taft Section 4Progressivism Under TaftTaft’s ambivalent approach to progressive reform leads to a split in the Republican Party and the loss of the presidency to the Democrats.NEXT
6Progressivism under Taft 4SECTIONProgressivism under TaftTaft Becomes PresidentTaft Stumbles1908, Republican William Howard Taft wins with Roosevelt’s supportHas cautiously progressive agenda; gets little credit for successesDoes not use presidential bully pulpit to arouse public opinionContinued . . .NEXT
7Taft, right, was Roosevelt’s War Secretary Republican William Howard Taft easily defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan to win the 1908 presidential electionAmong his accomplishments, Taft “busted” 90 trusts during his 4 years in officeTaft, right, was Roosevelt’s War Secretary
11Taft made matters worse by defending both the Payne-Aldrich Tariff and Canadian Reciprocity. He traveled to Des Moines, the Iowa capital and a place seething with resentment over the failure of the Payne-Aldrich tariff to reduce duties substantially, to deliver a speech defending his administration's tariff policies.
12Disputing Public Lands 4SECTIONcontinued Taft Becomes PresidentDisputing Public Lands• Conservationists angry Richard A. Ballinger named interior secretary- Ballinger puts reserved lands in public domain• Interior official protests action, is fired, writes magazine exposé• Gifford Pinchot head of U.S. Forest Service- testifies against Ballinger- is fired by TaftNEXT
14Chapter 9 Section 4 Progressivism Under Taft A – How did Taft’s appointee Richard Ballinger anger conservationists?Ballinger didn’t approve of conserving western lands;He permitted the sale of reserved lands to business interests.
15The Republican Party Splits 4SECTIONThe Republican Party SplitsProblems within the PartyRepublicans split over Taft’s support of House Speaker Joseph CannonCannon weakens progressive agenda; progressives ally with Democrats1910 midterm elections, Democrats get control of HouseContinued . . .NEXT
16Taft called the Presidency, “The lonesomest job in the world” TAFT LOSES POWERTaft was not popular with the American public nor reform minded RepublicansBy 1910, Democrats had regained control of the House of RepresentativesTaft called the Presidency, “The lonesomest job in the world”
17GUIDED READING: Progressives Conservatives 1. Why did they support or oppose Taft?Opposed- Taft because he had signed and defended the Payne-Aldrich Tariff, seemed to oppose conservation, and supported conservative boss Joseph CannonSupported Taft because they opposed progressivism, Roosevelt, and low tariffs and because they favored business
184SECTIONcontinued The Republican Party SplitsThe Bull Moose Party1912 convention, Taft people outmaneuver Roosevelt’s for nominationProgressives form Bull Moose Party; nominate Roosevelt, call for:- more voter participation in government- woman suffrage- labor legislation, business controlsRuns against Democrat Woodrow Wilson, reform governor of NJNEXT
20B – What were the differences between Taft’s and Roosevelt’s campaign platforms? Roosevelt’s campaign platform was much more progressive.He advocated for change using the govt’s power
21GUIDED READING: Progressive or Bull Moose Party Republican Party ProgressivesConservatives2. What party did they form or stay with?Progressive or Bull Moose PartyRepublican Party
22Democrats Win in 1912 The Election 4 SECTIONDemocrats Win in 1912The ElectionWilson endorses progressive platform called the New Freedom- wants stronger antitrust laws, banking reform, lower tariffs- calls all monopolies evilRoosevelt wants oversight of big business; not all monopolies badSocialist Party candidate Eugene V. Debs wants to end capitalismWilson wins great electoral victory; gets majority in CongressNEXT
24GUIDED READING: Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft Woodrow Wilson Progressive PartyRepublican PartyDemocratic PartySocialist Party3. Who did they run for president?Theodore RooseveltWilliam Howard TaftWoodrow WilsonEugene V Debs
251912 ELECTIONRepublicans split in 1912 between Taft and Teddy Roosevelt (who returned after a long trip to Africa)Convention delegates nominated TaftSome Republicans formed a third party – The Bull Moose Party and nominated RooseveltThe Democrats put forward a reform - minded New Jersey Governor, Woodrow Wilson
27GUIDED READING:Progressive PartyRepublican PartyDemocratic PartySocialist Party4. What was their candidate’s position on big business?Supported government action to supervise big business, but did not oppose all big business monopoliesFavored business, but worked to break up trustsSupported small business and free market competitionFelt that big business was evil and that the solution involved doing away with capitalism and distributing wealth
29WILSON’S NEW FREEDOMAs America’s newly elected president, Wilson moved to enact his program, the “New Freedom”He planned his attack on what he called the triple wall of privilege: trusts, tariffs, and high financeW. Wilson U.S. President
30C – What might be one of Wilson’s first issue to address as president? Wilson might concentrate on the relationship between business and govt.
31GUIDED READING: Progressives Conservatives 1. Why did they support or oppose Taft?Opposed- Taft because he had signed and defended the Payne-Aldrich Tariff, seemed to oppose conservation, and supported conservative boss Joseph CannonSupported Taft because they opposed progressivism, Roosevelt, and low tariffs and because they favored business2. What party did they form or stay with?Progressive or Bull Moose PartyRepublican PartyProgressive PartyDemocratic PartySocialist Party3. Who did they run for president?Theodore RooseveltWilliam Howard TaftWoodrow WilsonEugene V Debs4. What was their candidate’s position on big business?Supported government action to supervise big business, but did not oppose all big business monopoliesFavored business, but worked to break up trustsSupported small business and free market competitionFelt that big business was evil and that the solution involved doing away with capitalism and distributing wealthWhy Gifford Pinchot is an important figure in U.S. history.