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STANDARD(S) ADDRESS: 11.2 Students analyze the relationship among the rise of industrialization, large- scale rural-to-urban migration, and massive immigration.

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Presentation on theme: "STANDARD(S) ADDRESS: 11.2 Students analyze the relationship among the rise of industrialization, large- scale rural-to-urban migration, and massive immigration."— Presentation transcript:

1 STANDARD(S) ADDRESS: 11.2 Students analyze the relationship among the rise of industrialization, large- scale rural-to-urban migration, and massive immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe. LESSON OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT 1.Summarize the events of the Taft presidency. 2.Explain the division in the Republican Party. 3.Describe the election of 1912.

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3 NEXT Section 4 Progressivism Under Taft Taft’s ambivalent approach to progressive reform leads to a split in the Republican Party and the loss of the presidency to the Democrats.

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6 NEXT Taft Becomes President Taft Stumbles 1908, Republican William Howard Taft wins with Roosevelt’s support Has cautiously progressive agenda; gets little credit for successes Does not use presidential bully pulpit to arouse public opinion Progressivism under Taft 4 SECTION Continued...

7 Republican William Howard Taft easily defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan to win the 1908 presidential election Among his accomplishments, Taft “busted” 90 trusts during his 4 years in office Taft, right, was Roosevelt’s War Secretary

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9 NEXT 4 SECTION The Payne-Aldrich Tariff Taft signs Payne-Aldrich Tariff—compromise bill, moderate tariffs Progressives angry, think he abandoned low tariffs, progressivism continued Taft Becomes President

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11 Taft made matters worse by defending both the Payne-Aldrich Tariff and Canadian Reciprocity. He traveled to Des Moines, the Iowa capital and a place seething with resentment over the failure of the Payne- Aldrich tariff to reduce duties substantially, to deliver a speech defending his administration's tariff policies.

12 NEXT 4 SECTION continued Taft Becomes President Disputing Public Lands Conservationists angry Richard A. Ballinger named interior secretary - Ballinger puts reserved lands in public domain Interior official protests action, is fired, writes magazine exposé Gifford Pinchot head of U.S. Forest Service - testifies against Ballinger - is fired by Taft

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14 Chapter 9 Section 4 Progressivism Under Taft A – How did Taft’s appointee Richard Ballinger anger conservationists? –Ballinger didn’t approve of conserving western lands; –He permitted the sale of reserved lands to business interests.

15 NEXT 4 SECTION Problems within the Party Republicans split over Taft’s support of House Speaker Joseph Cannon Cannon weakens progressive agenda; progressives ally with Democrats 1910 midterm elections, Democrats get control of House The Republican Party Splits Continued...

16 TAFT LOSES POWER Taft was not popular with the American public nor reform minded Republicans By 1910, Democrats had regained control of the House of Representatives Taft called the Presidency, “The lonesomest job in the world”

17 ProgressivesConservatives 1. Why did they support or oppose Taft? Opposed- Taft because he had signed and defended the Payne-Aldrich Tariff, seemed to oppose conservation, and supported conservative boss Joseph Cannon Supported Taft because they opposed progressivism, Roosevelt, and low tariffs and because they favored business GUIDED READING:

18 NEXT 4 SECTION The Bull Moose Party 1912 convention, Taft people outmaneuver Roosevelt’s for nomination Progressives form Bull Moose Party; nominate Roosevelt, call for: - more voter participation in government - woman suffrage - labor legislation, business controls Runs against Democrat Woodrow Wilson, reform governor of NJ continued The Republican Party Splits

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20 B – What were the differences between Taft’s and Roosevelt’s campaign platforms? –Roosevelt’s campaign platform was much more progressive. –He advocated for change using the govt’s power

21 ProgressivesConservatives 2. What party did they form or stay with? Progressive or Bull Moose Party Republican Party GUIDED READING:

22 NEXT 4 SECTION The Election Wilson endorses progressive platform called the New Freedom - wants stronger antitrust laws, banking reform, lower tariffs - calls all monopolies evil Roosevelt wants oversight of big business; not all monopolies bad Socialist Party candidate Eugene V. Debs wants to end capitalism Wilson wins great electoral victory; gets majority in Congress Democrats Win in 1912

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24 Progressive Party Republican Party Democratic Party Socialist Party 3. Who did they run for president? Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft Woodrow Wilson Eugene V Debs GUIDED READING:

25 1912 ELECTION Republicans split in 1912 between Taft and Teddy Roosevelt (who returned after a long trip to Africa) Convention delegates nominated Taft Some Republicans formed a third party – The Bull Moose Party and nominated Roosevelt The Democrats put forward a reform - minded New Jersey Governor, Woodrow Wilson

26 DemocratsBull mouse / Progressives Republicans

27 Progressive Party Republican Party Democratic Party Socialist Party 4. What was their candidate’s position on big business? Supported government action to supervise big business, but did not oppose all big business monopolies Favored business, but worked to break up trusts Supported small business and free market competition Felt that big business was evil and that the solution involved doing away with capitalism and distributing wealth GUIDED READING:

28 WILSON WIN in 1912

29 WILSON’S NEW FREEDOM As America’s newly elected president, Wilson moved to enact his program, the “New Freedom” He planned his attack on what he called the triple wall of privilege: trusts, tariffs, and high finance W. Wilson U.S. President

30 C – What might be one of Wilson’s first issue to address as president? –Wilson might concentrate on the relationship between business and govt.

31 ProgressivesConservatives 1. Why did they support or oppose Taft? Opposed- Taft because he had signed and defended the Payne-Aldrich Tariff, seemed to oppose conservation, and supported conservative boss Joseph Cannon Supported Taft because they opposed progressivism, Roosevelt, and low tariffs and because they favored business 2. What party did they form or stay with? Progressive or Bull Moose PartyRepublican Party Progressive PartyRepublican PartyDemocratic PartySocialist Party 3. Who did they run for president? Theodore RooseveltWilliam Howard TaftWoodrow WilsonEugene V Debs 4. What was their candidate’s position on big business? Supported government action to supervise big business, but did not oppose all big business monopolies Favored business, but worked to break up trusts Supported small business and free market competition Felt that big business was evil and that the solution involved doing away with capitalism and distributing wealth Why Gifford Pinchot is an important figure in U.S. history. GUIDED READING:


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