Presentation on theme: "AGENDA Thurs 11/3 & Fri 11/4 RAP #21: Blue v. Red"— Presentation transcript:
1AGENDA Thurs 11/3 & Fri 11/4 RAP #21: Blue v. Red History of Political PartiesMidterm EssayMidterm Exam Review SheetHW: Political Ideologies: Part 2Pg 118 #1-6, pg 124 #1-5, pg 135 #1-4Midterm Exam Mon 11/7& Tues 11/8
2RAP #21: Blue v. Red Blue Issue / Platform Red Increase Strong Federal GovernmentDecreaseDecreaseIncreaseStates RightsIncreaseLowerTaxesRaiseLowerGovernment Regulation of BusinessNoPrayer in SchoolYesPro-choiceAbortion RightsPro-LifeYesNoGun ControlIncreaseMinimum Wage LawsSame/Decrease
4Party membership patterns 2/3 of Americans vote like their parents.In recent decades Jews, African Americans, Union members, and Catholics have more often voted Democrat.White males, the business community, and Protestants have more often voted Republican.4
5History of PoliticsDemocrats’ and Republicans’ main goal is to gain power by winning elections.
6PartiesPolitical parties are organizations seeking to achieve power by electing its members to public office.Our main parties are Republicans and DemocratsParties have many roles
7Roles of Parties Recruit candidates and support campaigns Parties want to control government by getting their candidates into office, they pick who they think will be the best person/most likely to be electedParties often also provide funding for campaignsOrganize elections and inform votersPromote voter interest and participationOrganize governmentCongress and most state legislatures party alignedmore members in government, more powerful party
8Roles of Parties (cont.) Unite diverse interestsBuild coalitions based on shared beliefs and common goalsCreate platforms = position on important issuesLoyal opposition to party in powerCritics of majority party’s proposalsWatchdogs for corruption and/or abuses of power
9Two Party System In America we have a 2 party system That does not mean that only 2 parties exist but that only 2 parties dominate politics in AmericaNo legal (constitutional) reason for our 2 party systemtraditional, money, and the current state of the electoral system lock it into place
10Alternatives to a 2 party system Multiparty system- would function largely like ours but “third parties” would have a better chance of holding officeUsually smaller parties band together in a coalition to compete with larger parties or to run the government togetherCan be a more effective representation of the people but it can also lead to instability and deadlocks
11Alternatives cont. One Party system Basically a dictatorship One party = No party
12America’s 2-party system is born HistoryStarted with Alexander HamiltonFederalistsFavored strong national governmentNorthern commercial and industrial interestsAdams loses to Jefferson…party disappearsThomas JeffersonDemocrat-Republicans (Anti-federalists)Favored strong state governmentsSouthern farmers & rural interests
13Twisted Timeline Pre-Constitution Constitution Ratified Federalists (Hamilton) & Anti-Federalists (Jefferson)Constitution RatifiedWashington = President appoints both to cabinet to reduce rivalries (to no avail)Federalists: strong central govt & liberal (broad) interpretationJefferson resigns to form Jeffersonian Republicans, aka Democrat-Republicans, aka Anti-Federalists: state rights, strict interpretation
14Twisted Timeline 1800: A shift in perspectives Jefferson’s Republicans want stronger govt to keep their policiesFederalists move to more state rightsLA purchase: implied power to make treatiesLoose interpretation for RepublicansFederalists wanted strict interpretation
15Twisted Timeline 1812 1824 Democrat-Republicans become nationalists Federalists call for Northeastern states to secedeNot a popular position and lose favorEra of Good Feelings1824Corrupt bargain w/ Adams, Clay against Jackson
16Twisted Timeline 1828 Jackson’s revenge = Democrat party Whig party = Jackson’s enemies
17Twisted Timeline 1850s Splitting Hairs (Whig) Slavery divides Whigs and falls apartAntislavery activists (abolitionists) and formerly-known-as-Whigs form Republican party in 1854Abraham Lincoln and Republicans established as 2nd major party
18The Democratic DonkeyThe now-famous Democratic donkey was first associated with Democrat Andrew Jackson's 1828 presidential campaign. (P.126)His opponents called him a jackass (a donkey), and Jackson decided to use the image of the strong-willed animal on his campaign posters.Later, cartoonist Thomas Nast used the Democratic donkey in newspaper cartoons and made the symbol famous.
20The Republican Elephant Nast invented another famous symbol—the Republican elephant. In a cartoon that appeared in Harper's Weekly in 1874, Nast drew a donkey clothed in lion's skin, scaring away all the animals at the zoo. One of those animals, the elephant, was labeled “The Republican Vote.” That's all it took for the elephant to become associated with the Republican Party.Democrats today say the donkey is smart and brave, while Republicans say the elephant is strong and dignified.
22Party Eras Since 1800, one or the other major parties dominated President & usually both houses of Congress (pg. 754)1st Era: Democrats [Dem, Dem-Reps] ( )13 of 15 Presidential elections (1st 3 elections=No party/Federalist)2nd Era: Republicans ( )13 of 18 Presidential Elections3rd Era: Democrats ( )7 of 9 Presidential Elections4th Era: Modern (1969-Present)Republicans = 7 of 11 elections, yet Dems rule Congress
23The Era of DemocratsJackson’s party: coalition of farmers, pioneers, slave holdersSouth and WestThree fundamental changes to politicsVoting for all white malesIncreases in elected officesSpoils system (vote for us, we’ll award you)Public office, contracts, other govt favorJackson’s opponents: Whigs (led by Clay)Slavery splits parties (Whig leaders dead)23
24The Era of Republicans 1854-1932 The election of Abraham LincolnANDthe Civil War marked the beginning of the reign of the Republican party.Business people, farmers, newly freed African Americans backed the party.24
25The Return of the Democrats 1932-1968 The Great Depression changed the way people thought about the government.Democrats built a strong new base of southerners, small farmers, labor union members, and city people.The only Republican elected during this time was war hero Dwight D. Eisenhower.25
26The Start of a New EraDuring much of this era we have had a divided government –Especially when no party controls both legislative and executive branches.Divided government can cause gridlock.26
274 Types of Minor PartiesIdeological parties -based on certain social, economic, or political ideas. They tend to stay around for a long time.Socialist Party ( )Communist Party ( s)Libertarian Party (1971-present)Single-issue parties -tend to fade awayKnow Nothing Party (1850s)Prohibition Party (1869–present)National Women’s Party( )Right to Life Party (1970-present),27
284 Types of Minor PartiesEconomic protest parties - appear during tough financial times.Greenback party ( )Populist Party ( )Reform party (1995-present)Splinter parties - parties that have broken away from one of the major parties. Usually has a strong leader who did not get a major party’s nomination.Progressive “Bull Moose” party ( ) split votes in 1912—T. Roosevelt/TaftStates’ Rights “Dixiecrat” Party (1948)American Independent - segregationist Governor George Wallace (1967- present) (**In CA = Constitution Party)Green Party (1996-present)28
29Minor Parties What does it mean to call a minor party a spoiler? A spoiler takes votes away from a major candidate, possibly causing the candidates defeat. Examples?29
30Future of the Major Parties More voters have strong ties to single-issues. They are for or against that candidate based on his/her stand on that particular issue.(i.e. Iraq, health care, abortion, etc.)More independentsMore split-ticket votingCandidates rely more on technology- TV, internet30
31HW: Party Platform: Part 1 Due: Thurs 11/3 & Fri 11/4 Write an overview of the specific political party from your “Political Party Matchmaker” (8-10 sentences)Write a response to your placement on the “Political Issues Survey” and the match the “Political Party Matchmaker” made for you (4-6 sentences)Research parties/ideologies of two other political parties (one that is VERY different and another that is SIMILAR to your match/placement on the spectrum)Write an overview of the parties, specifically focusing on 2 areas of most interest to you (8-10 sentences for each party)
32HW: Party Platform: Part 2 DUE: Mon 11/7 & Tues 11/8 Create your own political platformMust have minimum of 5 issues from the following list:Abortion, Capital Punishment, Economy, Energy, Environment, Foreign Policy, Gun Control, Health Care, Iraq, Marriage Laws, Minimum Wage, TaxesClearly explain your perspective and plan for how you would want your party to deal w/ each issue (2-3 sentences per issue)32
33Midterm Reflection Essay In Class: Thurs 11/3 & Fri 11/4 “Based on your viewing of “The Candidate” and excerpts from “Bobby,” along with your own understanding of the role of political parties, write an essay which addresses one component from each of the following options:Option ACompare and contrast the role of political parties in promoting candidates for the presidency from the late 1960s to today.Compare and contrast the campaign issues, party platforms, and personal character of each candidate from “The Candidate” and “Bobby”.ANDOption BAt the end of “The Candidate” the question is posed, “What do we do now?” Predict the influence on government McKay will have after he won the Senate race.Predict the impact on our country had Bobby Kennedy not been shot and won the Presidency.33
34ReferencesMcClenaghan, W. (2006). Magruder’s American Government. Boston, MA: Prentice Hall.Hart, Diane. (2009). Government Alive! Power, Politics and You. Palo Alto, CA: Teachers’ Curriculum Institute.