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The Elections of 1920 and 1928 Hope Stewart. The Roaring Twenties 1923 synchronized sound movies Profession football, tennis,

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Presentation on theme: "The Elections of 1920 and 1928 Hope Stewart. The Roaring Twenties 1923 synchronized sound movies Profession football, tennis,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Elections of 1920 and 1928 Hope Stewart

2 The Roaring Twenties http://www.1920-30.com/ 1923 synchronized sound movies Profession football, tennis, and golf 50 new Broadway shows open “Bob” hairstyle

3 Election of 1920

4 New for the Election of 1920 1. http://blogs.lancasteronline.com/flashbacklancaster/2008/10/09/women- vote-in-1920 3. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~elkridge/History.htm 2. http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/ww1/1919League2.html 1. 2. 3. Radio from 1920 Women gain right to vote Newspaper from Lancaster

5 Candidates Republican Senator Warren G. Harding Running mate: Calvin Coolidge http://www.ohiojudicialcenter.gov/w_g_harding.asp

6 Candidates Democrats Governor James M. Cox Running mate: Franklin D. Roosevelt http://www.authentichistory.com/1914-1920/07- nationsforum/NF_26_Prevention_of_War-James_Cox.html

7 League of Nations Debate Republican  “Normalcy”  Reject league, but accepts idea of international cooperation Democrat  Support league  Willing to make reservations Wilson declared this a campaign issue, but lost Democratic nomination. http://scotland.boys-brigade.org.uk/boys/badges/images/blb/league-of- nations.gif

8 League of Nations Debate Republican  “Normalcy”  Reject league, but accepts idea of international cooperation Democrat  Support league  Willing to make reservations Wilson declared this a campaign issue, but lost Democratic nomination. http://scotland.boys-brigade.org.uk/boys/badges/images/blb/league-of- nations.gif

9 Prohibition January 16, 1920 – manufacturing, selling, or transporting alcohol illegal – 18 th amendment enacted Dec 5, 1933 – 21 st amendment passed – 18 th amendment is repealed Election of 1920 and 1928 stir the issue http://www.sha.org/bottle/labeledbottles.htm “Kummel” bottle

10 http://dbkp.wordpress.com/2008/01/page/9/ Women's Temperance Movement

11 Prohibition Debate Republican Supports prohibition Owned stock in a Marion, Ohio brewery Democrat Will enforce prohibition Republicans make public question this by portraying Cox as ‘wet’ Cox declared that prohibition was not a campaign issue in The New York Times, but many Americans still viewed this as an unsettled issue. http://outdoors.webshots.com/photo/1215168042061374347LtqrgU Bootleg liquor rose in popularity.

12 http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive- free/pdf?_r=1&res=9E02EEDE173AE532A25751C1A96F9C946195D6CF

13 Results http://www.eons.com/blogs/entry/1162697-American-Electoral-History

14 Election of 1928

15 Candidates http://www.jumpusa.com/p61.htm?qts=google&qtk=medicine balls Republican Herbert C. Hoover Protestant Running mate: Sen. Charles Curtis

16 Candidates http://www.reformation.org/vatican_city_state.html Democrat Alfred E. Smith Roman Catholic Running mate: Senator Joseph T. Robinson

17 http://www.blujay.com/item/Political-Memorabillia-US-Presidential-ALFRED-E- SMITH-paper-7080200-1389308 “A chicken for every pot and a car in every garage.”-Hoover http://www.ronwade.freeservers.com/templateHOOVER.html http://www.wnccoins.com/0033.htm “A man for the people” -Smith

18 Prohibition Debate Republican Supports prohibition Democrat Claims support for prohibition – Running mate, Robinson, supported prohibition – Smith did not agree with this platform but went along with the party’s choice Lost many votes in Bible Belt http://gallery.pictopia.com/philly/gallery/2394/photo/4798173/?o=1 Confiscated liquor at a DA’s office

19 Roman Cabinet Meeting http://www.reformation.org/ 1928-presidential-election.html

20 Farmer’s Crisis Debate Farm Depression since 1920 – Farmers were in dept and growing more than they needed to after WWI ended – Crop prices fell drastically because of huge surplus and suddenly lower consumer rate http://dailylife.greenwood.com/teacher/activity.asp?id=DLO_AH_SE_L29 http://www.kautz.ca/history/1928%20Friedrich%20Kautz%20Family%20&%20 Herter%20in%20Heimthal,%20Russia.gif Farmer families during economic boom of WWI

21 Farm Debate Republican Create stabilization corporations : –R–Raise farmer’s income –R–Raise the grain price of the world –L–Limit crop production –G–Grant government loans to farmers who kept their crops from the market Democrat Provide government support to those whose agriculture directly provided raw materials for other US industries http://www.foodsubs.com/Photos/potatoes-group.jpg

22 McNary-Haugen Farm Bill Debate Republican Rejects bill Democrat Does not support or reject in campaign  Meant to make the world price and domestic price of produce equal in US  Added a tariff on imported crops  In debate since 1924 o After finally passing both houses, it was vetoed by President Calvin Coolidge, Harding’s successor and Hoover’s predecessor Senator McNary (left) with Representative Haugen (right)

23 Radio’s Impact Smith – Inspirational speaker – New York accent hurt vote in West and South Hoover – Reserved speaker – Came across as thoughtful Both: http://www.coverbrowser.com/covers/radio-news/3 Magazine cover from January 1928 Ad for Radio for sale in 1928

24 Results http://www.eons.com/blogs/entry/1162697-American-Electoral-History http://jewelry.ha.com/common/auction/pricesrealized.php?hdnSearch=true&cboDenomination=P olitical:Pinback+Buttons+%281896-present%29&ic=homepage_browse

25 Effect of the Elections: 1920 and 1928 Running mates Calvin Coolidge and Franklin D. Roosevelt become presidents Prohibition ends in 1933 US never joins the League of Nations Federal Farm Board established Bottom: http://capecodbranding.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/calvincoolidge.jpg Top: http://herokids.wordpress.com/2008/04/07/this-week-in-heroes-franklin- delano-roosevelt/ Pres. Calvin Coolidge Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt

26 Works Cited "Al Smith." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 30 Jan. 2010. Bovard, James. "Hoover’s Second Wrecking of American Agriculture." LewRockell.com. The Future of Freedom Foundation, 6 Apr. 2006. Web. 24 Jan. 2010.. "Election of 1920." Elections. Online Highways, Web. 14 Jan. 2010.. "Gov. Cox Declares Prohibition is Not a Campaign Issuse." The New York Times [New York] 12 Sept. 1920:Rpt. in The New York Times. The New York Times. Web. 16 Jan. 2010.. Kilkenny, Niall. "The 1928 Presidential Election." Reformation.2007. Web. 16 Jan. 2010.. "McNary-Haugen Bill." ReferenceAnswers. Web. 21 Jan. 2010.. N.K. "Election of 1928: Hoover, Smith, and the Beginning of the End for Republican Dominance." Associated Content 7 Apr. 2006: 1. Web. 14 Jan. 2010.. "The Presidential Election of 1920." Nation's Forum Collection. N.p., Jan.-Feb. 2001. Web. 14 Jan. 2010.. "Prohibition in the United States." 1920's Prohibition. N.p., 2005. Web. 16 Jan. 2010.. Schoenherr, Steven. "The League of Nations Fight." WWI Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2006..


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