Presentation on theme: "The Republican Response to the Medicean Oligarchy “the best lack all conviction, while the worst Are full of a passionate intensity” W.B. Yeats ‘The Second."— Presentation transcript:
The Republican Response to the Medicean Oligarchy “the best lack all conviction, while the worst Are full of a passionate intensity” W.B. Yeats ‘The Second Coming’
Piero di Lorenzo He assumes power on the death of his father in April 1492 Parenti, Guicciardini and Cerretani all located the cause of Piero’s troubles in the resentment of the ottimati excluded from the inner circle Martines calls Piero a ‘gaffeur’
Piero’s exile after his incompetent attempts to negotiate with Charles V111, the Florentines threw him and his family out 60 years of Medici control ended
Florence in 1494 Lauro Martines says this was a period of ‘marked instability’ in Florentine political and social life Lorenzo Polizzotto says “the expulsion of the Medici released latent social, political and religious rivalries which it proved impossible to resolve”
Girolamo Savonarola Savonarola plays an important part in the negotiations with Charles and along with the resistance of the Florentine people Charles leaves Florence
Immediate Post Medici Events Ottimati were in control A large practica recommended calling of a Parlemento The Cento and the Seventy were abolished
Donatello’s Judith and Holofernes commissioned by the Medici in 1460
Judith and Holofernes In 1495, the sculpture was placed on the Piazza della Signoria, at the side of main door the Palazzo Vecchio, in memory of the expulsion of Piero di Medici from Florence. The statue came to symbolize the expulsion of the Medici.
Savonarola’s political reforms He proposed a modified Venetian model, without the position of the doge He proposed the 16 standardbearers conduct political debates within their gonfalone and bring back their proposals to the Signoria
The Great Council In the Prologue to the law the Signoria announced its intention “to attend with all its ability and strength to the preservation of the liberty that was for so long nearly suppressed and has recently been recovered”
Eligibility All citizens of legitimate birth whose names had ever been drawn for the Signoria or Colleges whether or not they assumed office, (those seated or seen) or whose fathers, paternal grandfathers or great grandfathers who had been ‘seated’ or ‘seen’. Everyone approved of in the 1484 scrutiny members of the Councils of the Commune and the Popolo.
Hall of the Great Council No hall in the Palazzo Signoria was big enough to accommodate a council of this size. New Hall to be built as an addition to the Palazzo Signoria It was rapidly constructed and the first meeting was held in February 1496
Savonarolan Moral and Social Reforms He attempted to organise religious organisations of young boys to oppose sodomy. The Council resisted this He proposed self governance for women, within the quarters. This idea met with opposition He opposed usury and urged charity for the poor
Execution 1498 His criticism of the Papacy had brought upon him excommunication. Some Florentines supported the Papacy Executed by burning in the Piazza della Signoria
Savonarola’s execution in the Piazza della Signoria
Post Savonarolan political life Some members of the elite thought the great Council would not survive. Sortition was reinstated in 1499 for most political offices Power struggle between the ottimati and the popolo Demands for constitutional reform
Additional Reform Gonfalonier for life Guicciardini claimed that the reason for this was that if his appointment was for life he would act with the welfare of the city as his first concern.
Soderini as Gonfalonier a Vita Soderini held this position for 10 years from 1502 As Gonfalonier, Najemy says he was part of most aspects of government
Medici return 1512 Cardinal Giovanni de Medici returned to the city with the alliance of Pope Julius 11 and the Spanish Soderini escaped into exile in Pisa Break with the popular government symbolised by the treatment of the Hall of the Great Council