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Political Parties Chapter 9 Section 1. Political Parties Political Party- organization of individuals with broad, common interest who organize to win.

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Presentation on theme: "Political Parties Chapter 9 Section 1. Political Parties Political Party- organization of individuals with broad, common interest who organize to win."— Presentation transcript:

1 Political Parties Chapter 9 Section 1

2 Political Parties Political Party- organization of individuals with broad, common interest who organize to win elections, operate in government, and influence government policy Political Party- organization of individuals with broad, common interest who organize to win elections, operate in government, and influence government policy Two-party system- US party system with 2 main parties: Democrats and Republicans Two-party system- US party system with 2 main parties: Democrats and Republicans

3 Political Parties George Washington warned against political parties in his farewell address from office George Washington warned against political parties in his farewell address from office First two political parties: Federalists and Democratic Republicans First two political parties: Federalists and Democratic Republicans Federalists- Alexander Hamilton and Federalists- Alexander Hamilton and John Adams, wanted a strong federal government, party eventually faded out DR’s- Thomas Jefferson and James DR’s- Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, thought the federal government was getting too much power, party split into Democrats and Whigs

4 Democrats 1828 formed in support 1828 formed in support of Andrew Jackson Stressed their ties to the Stressed their ties to the common people Whigs split to compete Whigs split to compete with Democrats Democrats and Whigs remained the two major political parties until the 1850s Democrats and Whigs remained the two major political parties until the 1850s

5 Republicans Formed in 1854 with Abraham Lincoln to oppose slavery Formed in 1854 with Abraham Lincoln to oppose slavery Also known as “Grand Ole Party” (GOP) Also known as “Grand Ole Party” (GOP)

6 Democrats and Republicans Around the turn of the 20 th century the ideals of both parties began to change Around the turn of the 20 th century the ideals of both parties began to change Presently Republicans and Democrats are opposite of how they started Presently Republicans and Democrats are opposite of how they started

7 Third Parties Third Parties- smaller minor parties Third Parties- smaller minor parties Influenced politics by promoting ideas that were at first unpopular Influenced politics by promoting ideas that were at first unpopular They have never won They have never won Presidency, but Democrats and Republicans adopted their ideas

8 Third Parties cont. Single Issue Parties- form to promote a social, economic, or moral issue (usually don’t last long) Single Issue Parties- form to promote a social, economic, or moral issue (usually don’t last long) Prohibitionists Party formed in 1872 to ban alcohol Prohibitionists Party formed in 1872 to ban alcohol

9 Third Parties cont Ideological Parties- form to support a particular philosophy or idea Ideological Parties- form to support a particular philosophy or idea Socialists Labor Party and Communist Party USA believe that free enterprise should be replaced by one in which the government owns business Socialists Labor Party and Communist Party USA believe that free enterprise should be replaced by one in which the government owns business Libertarian Party want to cut the size of the federal government and increase personal freedoms Libertarian Party want to cut the size of the federal government and increase personal freedoms

10 Third Parties cont. Independent Candidates- form around leaders with strong personalities (usually don’t last long) Independent Candidates- form around leaders with strong personalities (usually don’t last long) H. Ross Perot ran for President in 1992 and 1996 H. Ross Perot ran for President in 1992 and 1996

11 Third Parties cont Obstacles Obstacles Third party candidates must obtain a large number of voter signatures to be placed on the ballot Third party candidates must obtain a large number of voter signatures to be placed on the ballot Trouble raising enough money Trouble raising enough money

12 Other Party Systems Multiparty System- one party rarely wins enough support to completely control government Multiparty System- one party rarely wins enough support to completely control government Many countries have this: Germany has over 5 political parties, Israel has over 20 Many countries have this: Germany has over 5 political parties, Israel has over 20 One-Party System- the party and government are the same One-Party System- the party and government are the same People’s Republic of China has 1 party: The Communist Party People’s Republic of China has 1 party: The Communist Party

13 Political Party Platform- series of statements expressing the parties principles, beliefs, and positions on issues Platform- series of statements expressing the parties principles, beliefs, and positions on issues Ex. Abortion, Death Penalty Ex. Abortion, Death Penalty Plank- each individual part of the platform Plank- each individual part of the platform Ex. Dem support Abortion, Rep support Death Penalty Ex. Dem support Abortion, Rep support Death Penalty This communicates to This communicates to voters what the party will do if elected

14 Democrat vs. Republican Chart Complete the Democrat vs Republican Chart and Card Activity Complete the Democrat vs Republican Chart and Card Activity

15 Political Parties

16 Democrats and Republicans Basic difference between the Democrats and Republicans is their belief in how much the government should be involved in the lives of Americans Basic difference between the Democrats and Republicans is their belief in how much the government should be involved in the lives of Americans Democrats- federal government should be more directly involved in citizen’s lives Democrats- federal government should be more directly involved in citizen’s lives Republicans- federal government should be less directly involved in citizen’s lives Republicans- federal government should be less directly involved in citizen’s lives Both parties try to adopt moderate positions and avoid extreme radical positions in order to attract more voters Both parties try to adopt moderate positions and avoid extreme radical positions in order to attract more voters


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