Presentation on theme: "Term 2 2014-2015. Sostenemos que estas Verdades son evidentes en sí mismas: que todos los Hombres son creados iguales, que su Creador los ha dotado."— Presentation transcript:
Sostenemos que estas Verdades son evidentes en sí mismas: que todos los Hombres son creados iguales, que su Creador los ha dotado de ciertos Derechos inalienables, que entre ellos se encuentran la Vida, la Libertad y la Búsqueda de la Felicidad.
Action of Second Continental Congress, July 4, 1776 The Unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America WHEN in the Course of human Events, it becomes necessary for one People to dissolve the Political Bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the Powers of the Earth, the separate and equal Station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent Respect to the Opinions of Mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the Separation.
WE hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness
Sostenemos Verb We hold Sustain To support, hold up. From Latin sustinere "hold up, hold upright; furnish with means of support; bear, undergo, endure," from sub "up from below" + tenere "to hold" Related: Sostenido(a) (aj) Sustained El sostenimiento (nm) Sustenance
Estas Demonstrative adjective This (item nearby) These (item nearby) That (farther away) Those (farther away) That (very far away) Those (very far away) Este / Esta Estos / estas Ese / Esa Esos / Esas Aquel / Aquella Aquellos / Aquellas
Verdades Noun Truths A statement proven to be or accepted as true. Verdical Speaking true Latin veridicus "truth- telling, truthful," from verum "truth," neuter of verus "true" + dic-, stem of dicere "to speak" Related: Verdadero(a) (aj) True Veraz (aj) True; sincere
Evidentes Adjective Evident Easily seen or understood; obvious. Latin evidentem "perceptible, clear, obvious, apparent" from ex- "fully, out of" +videntem, present participle of videre "to see." Related: La evidencia (nf) Evidence Evidenciar (v) To prove with evidence
En sí mismas Pronoun Self In themselves The distinct individuality of people or things. From Latin similis "like." Related: Ella misma (prn) Herself Lo mismo Just the same Ahora mismo Right now
Todos Adjective All, total Being or representing the entire number, amount, or quantity. From Medieval Latin totalis "entire, total," from Latin totus "all, all at once, the whole, entire, altogether." Related: Todavía (av) Still; yet El (La) sabelotodo (nmf) Know-it-all Todopoderoso(a) (aj) All-powerful
Los Hombres Noun (m) Men Adult male human. From Latin humanus "of man, human," also "humane, philanthropic, kind, gentle, polite; learned, refined, civilized," probably related to homo "man" Related: Hombrear (v) To act macho, chauvinistic La hombría (nf) Manliness El superhombre (nm) Superman
Creados Adjective Created Caused to exist. From Latin creatus, past participle of creare "to make, bring forth, produce, beget," related to crescere "arise, grow" Related: Crear (v) To create La creación (nf) Creation El (La) creador(a) (nmf) Creator
Iguales Adverb Equal Having the same priveleges, status, or rights. Latin aequalis "uniform, identical, equal," from aequus "level, even, flat; as tall as, on a level with; friendly, kind, just, fair, equitable, impartial; proportionate; calm, tranquil." Related: Igualar (v) To equal Desigualar (v) To mismatch La igualada (nf) Tie (sports)
Creador Noun (m) Creator God From Latin creator “creator, author, founder,” from creatus (BW#9) Related: Recrear (v) To re-create La creatividad (nf) Creativity Creativo(a) (aj) Creative
Ha dotado Verb Endowed To equip or supply with a talent or quality. From Latin dotare “bestow.” Related: El dote (nm) gift, talent;dowry Money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage. El (La) superdotado(a) (nmf) Gifted person Dotado(a) (aj) Gifted, talented
Ciertos Adjective Certain Definite, fixed. From Vulgar Latin *certanus, from Latin certus "sure, fixed, settled, determined" originally a variant past participle of cernere "to distinguish, decide" Related: Ciertamente (av) Certainly Acertar (v) To hit the mark, to be right Incierto(a) (aj) Uncertain
Derechos Noun (m) Rights That which is just, morally good, legal, proper, or fitting. From Latin rectus “straight, right” Related: Derecho(a) (aj) Right, straight A derecho (inglés) (nm) A widespread, long- lived, straight-line wind storm, that is associated with a land-based, fast moving group of severe thunderstorms. Derechos can cause hurricane force winds, heavy rains, tornadoes, and flash floods.
Inalienable Adjective Unalienable Not to be separated, given away, or taken away. From Latin un “not” + alienus "of or belonging to another, foreign, alien, strange," also, as a noun, "a stranger, foreigner," adjectival form of alius "(an)other"
When Thomas Jefferson crafted the Declaration of Independence, he pointed to "certain unalienable rights" with which we were endowed by our "Creator." the Declaration of Independence What did he mean when he wrote the phrase "unalienable rights," and what rights are "unalienable"? Jefferson understood "unalienable rights" as fixed rights given to us by our Creator rather than by government. The emphasis on our Creator is crucial, because it shows that the rights are permanent just as the Creator is permanent. Jefferson's thought on the source of these rights was impacted by Oxford's William Blackstone, who described "unalienable rights" as "absolute" rights—showing that they were absolute because they came from him who is absolute, and that they were, are, and always will be, because the Giver of those rights—Jefferson's "Creator"— was, and is, and always be.
Moreover, because we are "endowed" with them, the rights are inseparable from us: they are part of our humanity. In a word, the government did not give them and therefore cannot take them away, but the government still strains at ways to suppress them. To protect fundamental, individual rights, James Madison helped include the Bill of Rights in the Constitution. The intent was to remove them from government's reach.the Bill of Rights The "unalienable rights" explicitly protected by the Bill of Rights include, but are not limited to, the rights of free speech and religion, the right to keep and bear arms, self- determination with regard to one's own property, the right to be secure in one's own property, the right to a trial by a jury of one's peers, protection from cruel and unusual punishment, and so forth.
Among the "unalienable rights" implicitly protected in the Bill of Rights are freedom of conscience—how can one have freedom of speech or religion without freedom of conscience?—and the right to self-defense. As Associate Justice Samuel Alito wrote in the majority decision for McDonald v. Chicago (2010): "Self-defense is a basic right, recognized by many legal systems from ancient times to the present day, and in [District of Columbia v. Heller (2008)], we held that individual self-defense is a central component of the Second Amendment right."Associate Justice Samuel Alito wrote in the majority decision "Unalienable rights" are ours to keep, by virtue of our Creator. So said Thomas Jefferson through the Declaration of Independence, and he was seconded by James Madison through the Bill of Rights. A "central component" of our "unalienable rights" is the right to keep and bear arms. Follow AWR Hawkins on Twitter @AWRHawkins.@AWRHawkins
Vida Noun (f) Life The period between birth and death. From Latin vita “life” Related: Vitalizar (v) Vitalize To endow with life Revitalizar (v) To revitalize Vitalicio(a) (aj) Life-long