Presentation on theme: "Secularization and Religious Conflict"— Presentation transcript:
1Secularization and Religious Conflict Presented ByDr.Anuradha BapulyAsst. Professor, Department of SociologyVasant Kanya MahavidyalayaKamachha, Varanasi
2Meaning of Secularization Secularization is a process of social change through which the influence of religion declines in public affair. This process is also concerned with an ideology which implies that the state will not be governed by religious authorities.That the state will have no official religion.The state does not discriminate between citizens on the basis of their religions.
3Characteristics of secularization Separation of religion from the stateRationalism and scientific outlookEmphasis on this world as opposed to other worldReligious NeutralitySecularism promotes humanitarian valuesAntithesis of communalism
4Classical and Modern Thinkers on Secularization The main proponents of the Secularization Theory areAugust ComteEmile DurkheimMax WeberPeter BergerAll the theories agree on one point that the role of the religion will decline in the course of social evolution. Religion will become more and more personal and it will not be the identity of the society. It will lead to societies where many heterogeneous group can co-exist.
5Factors Promoting Secularization Modern EducationDevelopment of the means of transport and communicationSocial and Religious Reform MovementsIndustrialization and UrbanizationLegislationThe Indian ConstitutionWestern CultureDiversity of religious cults and practices in modern society.
6Secularism in Practice Secularism is our Constitutional Commitment. The Preamble declares that India is a ‘’ Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic’’. The Indian State does not establish, recognise or endow any religion. It gives special protection to the minorities.Article15(1) and 15(2) prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion..Article 25(1) guarantees freedom of conscience and the right to profess, propagate and practice religion.Article 30 (1) lays down that all minorities whether based on religion or language shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
7Influence of Secularization Secularization has not influenced modern society uniformly. It impacts more-On men than on womenOn educated sections than on the illiterates or semi-literatesOn young than on the agedIn the cities than in the villagesOn those classes (or castes) directly linked to modern industrial production than on such more traditional occupations as artisans and small shopkeepers.Secularization has put much of social life under the domination of rational processes of science and under the control of bureaucratic and technological structures whose logic and legitimation is derived from science.
8Impediments in the Implementation of Secularization Problem of CommunalismCommunal based PartiesReligious BigotryProblem of Vote - Bank PoliticsDisharmony caused due to the Inability to introduce a Common Civil Code
9Religious Conflicts in India Religious conflicts is a result of intolerance between religious communities. India has witnessed several religious conflicts and violence.The partition of India in 1947Gujarat riots 1969Bhagalpur riots 1989Demolition of Babri Mosque in Ayodhya in 1992In 1993, Bombay riots and Bombay blast by Muslim Mafia Don Dawood Ibrahimin 2001, Attack on the Indian Parliament by Islamic MilitantsGujarat riots which were retaliation to the Godhra Train burning in 2002In 2007, 19 churches were burnt in Odisha
10Role of Secularization in the Eradication of Religious Conflicts As the state stops discriminating between its citizens on religious basis, there will be no group or sect that feels deprived.Secularization of the society may bring in a firm resolve in fighting against religious fundamentalism.People will become more tolerant towards other faith.As the rule of law will prevail atrocities against the marginalized sections of the society will come down drastically.As religion or faith becomes more and more personal, many of the conflicts would not take place.