Presentation on theme: " “Ancient Greek Theatre” generally refers to theatre performed in Athens during the 5 th century B.C. Is considered the traditional origin of modern."— Presentation transcript:
“Ancient Greek Theatre” generally refers to theatre performed in Athens during the 5 th century B.C. Is considered the traditional origin of modern theatre Grew out of religious ceremonies and festivals
Theatre began as part of a religious ceremony honoring the god Dionysus God of wine, fertility, grapes, ecstasy, madness, pleasure, festivity, etc. One of the 12 Olympians Responsible for human impulses Devine mission: to eradicate all care and worry
He was raised by satyrs, killed, dismembered, and reborn Other gods had temples, the cult of Dionysus met in the woods It was believed he could liberate and inspire men Could endow man with divine creativity Patron of the arts - theatre
The original ceremony involved a week of public wine drinking, a ritualistic dance, and chanting Ceremony took place every March Eventually, the chants were written down in verse form and later evolved into plays
Original ceremony became formalized in the following ways Took place in a large, bowl shaped space Involved several specifically dressed performers who sang and danced predetermined pieces, usually with one leader
Involved huge crowds of spectators The center of the round performance area had an altar A goat was ritualistically killed and offered as a sacrifice at that altar Fun fact: The word tragedy comes from the Ancient Greek word for “goat song.”
Eventually, Thespis (the reason why actors are called thespians) came up with the clever idea of dialogue Before him, no one presented what could be considered “conversation” on stage It took even longer for someone else to come up with innovative idea of putting more than 2 characters on stage at the same time. Topics eventually broadened from just the story of Dionysus to include the many myths and legends of Ancient Greek religion
Tragedies must include Chorus: group (usually 15ish) who speak in unison and act as the “voice of the people” ▪ The chorus usually speaks poetically about the overall theme of the play between each scene Tragic Hero: main character, usually noble, who falls from high position because of a basic, tragic flaw ▪ Hubris, ruthless ambition, obsessive jealousy Examination of the psychological make-up of the characters No more than 3 actors speaking in a scene
Prologue: A simple speech that introduces the basic story/theme of the play Entrance of the Chorus: Umm…like when the chorus and enters…and stuff Major Episodes: What we would consider scenes or acts during which dialogue takes place and the plot is advanced Strophe: Poetry about the main theme/action of the play read between the Major Episodes of the play
Theatron: Where the audience sits; typically built into a hillside Orchestra: Main acting space for the chorus or lower characters; usually included an altar in the middle
Parodos: Side aisles that allowed actors to make their entrances Skene: Main acting area for major characters; provided the background for the play usually had 3 entrances ▪ could be simple booth or a permanent structure ▪ could include machines like a crane
Trilogy: Each tragedy was presented as a cycle of three plays Three Levels: The picture shows the hero/god at the highest, human/minor characters on the second level, chorus on the lowest level
Masks: Large, colorful, detailed, expressive, helped to amplify the actor’s voice. Female masks had larger mouths and eyes Corthornous: Platform shoes worn by heroes and gods/goddesses to show how high, mighty, and important they were
Long Robes: Worn to show age, gender, occupation, socioeconomic status, to hide big shoes All actors were male, so those playing female roles needed really good costumes Derp Derp
Origins of Greek Theatre Origins of Greek Theatre Masks and Special Effects Masks and Special Effects Overview of Theatre and Genres Overview of Theatre and Genres Theatre of Dionysus Theatre of Dionysus
Basic concept, in ancient Greek eyes Your life, and everything you do during it, is predetermined before you are born You can’t escape fate no matter what you do Oracles, particularly the ones at Delphi, can reveal your fate to you, but they usually don’t give you all the pertinent information Whenever anything bad, or good, happens to you, it can be attributed by fate?
Motive meant nothing. There was no such thing as degrees of murder or manslaughter or self defense. THE ACT WAS THE ONLY THING taken into consideration when determining guilt. It didn’t matter why you did something, only that you did it. That being said… Murder wasn’t necessarily a crime. All Greek citizens were charged with the duty of harming their enemies and helping their friends. Occasionally, that included committing a murder or two.
Family was everything in Ancient Greek culture Any good Greek citizen knew the exact name and origin of each of his/her ancestors Any good Greek citizen defended his/her relatives, no matter what they did, to the death Ancient Greek families were not unlike the mob families presented in The Godfather series Committing a crime, ESPECIALLY MURDER, against anyone in your family, ESPECIALLY YOUR PARENTS, was the worst thing you could do
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