Presentation on theme: "On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion"— Presentation transcript:
1On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion 11FE031 KASUMI ODASHIMA
2Mary Anne WarrenAssociate professor of Philosophy at San Francisco State UniversityAmerican writerher writings on the issue of abortion
3ArgumentBecause women are persons and fetus are not, women’s rights override whatever right to life a fetus may possess.Override・・・to be regarded as more important than something elseRight to life・・・生存権
4On the definition of “Human” (1) it is wrong to kill innocent human beings→ “human being has the moral sense”(2) fetuses are innocent human beings→”human being has the genetic sense”it is wrong to kill fetusesGenetic sense
5On the definition of “Human” primary criteria of personhoodSentience (感覚性)Emotionality(情動性)Reason (理性)The capacity to communicateSelf-awareness (自己認識)Moral agency (道徳的行為者性) →a fetus is a human being which is not yet a person, and which therefore cannot have full moral rightsPersonhood 個性、人間性感覚性・・・Eighteenth century philosophers used the concept to distinguish the ability to think ("reason") from the ability to feel ("sentience").Moral agency is a person‘s ability to make moral judgments based on general notion of right and wrong and to be resposibile for these actions
6Fetal Development and the Right to life (1) How a human being need to be before it begins to have a right to life?(2)Does the fact that a fetus has the potential for becoming a person endow it with the same right?
7(1) How a human being need to be before it begins to have a right to life? 7 month fetus → have a form of consciousnessRespond to stimuli (light, sound)But, not as conscious, or as capable of emotion as a very young infant islittle or no capacity for reason, intentional communication, or self awarenessesfetus is not have a right to life
8No, a fetus doesn’t have the same right. (2)Does the fact that a fetus has the potential for becoming a person endow it with the same right?No, a fetus doesn’t have the same right.
9ConclusionWomen are persons, and fetuses are notWomen’s rights to life liberty, and physical integrity override whatever right to lifeLaws that deny women’ the right to obtain abortions are unjustified violation!Integrity・・・the quality of being honest and strong about what you believe to be right