Presentation on theme: "Kuali Enterprise Workflow Damon Dorsey, Indiana University Kymber Horn, University of Arizona Vince Schimizzi, Michigan State University."— Presentation transcript:
Kuali Enterprise Workflow Damon Dorsey, Indiana University Kymber Horn, University of Arizona Vince Schimizzi, Michigan State University
What is Workflow? Functionally... Workflow is the art of moving transactions from one place to another, requesting and recording actions related to that transaction along the way. Technically... Workflow is a routing engine that works with Kuali. Workflow functions by matching attributes of a transaction to existing rules that indicate where a transaction with those attributes should go. Most commonly Workflow is used to collect approvals.
How does Workflow work? After a transaction is initiated, Workflow electronically routes the transaction to the proper approvers. The path of approval can be influenced by: –The type of transaction (example: a Cash Receipt document may route differently than a Transfer of Funds) and... –The content of the transaction itself (example: a transaction charging supplies to a grant account may need to route for special approval)
What Workflow Actions are Available? Workflow can send users action requests of various types. These requests are collected in the user’s Workflow Action List. Types of action requests include: Approve: Verify that the transaction is acceptable. Approved financial documents will continue routing to additional approvers, or--if fully approved--be included in the next update to the General Ledger. Acknowledge: A request to view and acknowledge a transaction without the need for a formal approval. FYI Review: A courtesy request allowing the user to view the transaction or just clear the request from their action list without viewing it.
What Workflow Actions are Available? Disapproval: Requests for approval can be disapproved, indicating the transaction is incorrect or unacceptable. Disapproved transactions cease further routing and will not be sent to the general ledger. The document initiator and any previous approvers receive an Acknowledgement action request, letting them know the document has been disapproved. Disapproved documents (in fact, almost any document) can be copied and used as the basis for future documents. This allows for easy correction and re-submission.
Financial Document Routing Overview Documents pass through one or more route levels (also called “route nodes”). Route levels represent different sets of rules that will evaluate a document to determine its routing and the order in which requests are generated. If a route level generates approval requests, those requests must be completed before the document will route to the next level. Different documents may pass through different route levels. Some route levels are very specific to certain types of documents while others appear on a wide variety of document types.
Financial Document Routing Overview Commonly, financial documents pass through the following route levels: –Account Review –Organization Review –Subfund Routing –Award Workgroup Routing
Financial Document Routing Overview Account Review (Fiscal Officer) All accounts used on the document are identified and it routes to a designated approver (in KFS we call this person a “Fiscal Officer”) for each of those accounts. Example: Sue is the Fiscal Officer for account 1012300. All financial transactions involving that account will require her approval.
Financial Document Routing Overview Organization Review Every account belongs to an organization and customized routing to individuals or workgroups can be established by each organization based on document type and dollar amount. This routing can take advantage of the Chart of Accounts Organization Hierarchy. Examples: The Dean of Biology wants a chance to approve every Transfer of Funds document over $1,000 that involves a Biology account. The Chancellor’s office wants to see Transfer of Funds documents over $100,000 for all organizations that answer to a particular campus.
Financial Document Routing Overview Subfund Every account has an attribute called Subfund which designates its type, purpose or source of funds. Routing can be established based on the Subfund of the accounts that appear on the document. Example: We want all accounts with a Subfund of ENDOW (endowments) to route to a particular individual. Award Workgroup Documents using Contract and Grant accounts route to a special workgroup associated with the Award tied to those accounts.
Document Routing Overview Examples of Other Routing Rules for Specific Document Types Content Routing (Purchasing Requisition): Routes the document to a defined individual or group who completes the information on the Requisition before approval. Payment Reason Routing (Disbursement Voucher): Allows routing to be established based on the reason a particular disbursement is being made. Separation of Duties Routing (Purchasing Requisition): Routes documents to a specified individual or workgroup for approval if the dollar amount exceeds an institutionally-defined threshold and the document has generated no other approval requests. Budget Office Review (Purchase Order): If the encumbrances created by this order would create a sufficient funds problem for any of the accounts on the document it will route to a defined budget approver. Research Risk Routing (Research Administration Routing Form): Routes to designated approvers based on the types of research risk associated with this research project.
Delegates Fiscal Officers can delegate approval authority (for the Account Review level of routing) to other users based on attributes of a specific transaction such as document type and dollar amount. Delegates can approve documents at the Account Review level of routing as if they were the Fiscal Officer. Two kinds of delegates exist: Primary delegates and Secondary delegates. Fiscal Officers can choose to establish either type of delegate or both.
Delegates Primary Documents route directly to primary delegates instead of routing to the Fiscal Officer. Secondary These delegates have a special “filter” option in their action list that allows them to retrieve documents for which they have been given approval authority. Fiscal Officers can still access any documents they are responsible for.
Workgroups A workgroup is a collection of approvers who share a similar responsibility. If a document routes to a workgroup, all members of the workgroup will see that document in their action lists. Once any member of the workgroup takes action on that document, the document is removed from the action list of all other members of that workgroup.
Ad-Hoc Routing Ad-Hoc routing allows a document initiator or approver to add additional individuals or workgroups to the routing of a specific document. Ad-Hoc Approvers inserted into the routing “interrupt” the regular routing process. Example: If I initiate a financial document and ad-hoc route it to my boss for approval it will go to her before it goes to the Fiscal Officer. You can request that an ad-hoc recipient Approve, Acknowledge or FYI Review the transaction.
Blanket Approval Users can be established as Administrators, giving them the ability to blanket approve most transactions they initiate or for which they are an approver. Blanket approval pushes a document to “Approved” status. All approvers who are skipped by the blanket approval receive an Acknowledgement request for that document— ensuring that they see it.
System Supervisor Approval A user established as a System Supervisor (“super user”) can take special workflow actions: –Fully Approve or Disapprove any document, regardless of currently pending approvals. –Approve a single action request for a particular user. –Approve the document through to a different route level (sending it straight to Organization Review, for example).