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Unit 2. Business is a word, which is commonly used, in many different languages.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 2. Business is a word, which is commonly used, in many different languages."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 2

2 Business is a word, which is commonly used, in many different languages.

3 But exactly what does it mean?

4

5 Traditionally, business simply meant exchange or trade for things people wanted or needed.

6 The concepts and activities of business have increased in modern times. Today it has a more technical definition.

7 One definition of business is: the production, distribution, and sale of goods and services for a profit.

8 Production is the creation of services or the changing of materials into products. One example is the conversion of iron ore into metal car parts.

9 The products need to be moved from the factory to the marketplace - distribution. Example: A car might be moved from a factory in Detroit to a car dealership in Miami.

10 Sale of goods and services is the exchange of a product or service for money. Example: A car is sold to someone in exchange for money.

11 Goods are products which people either need or want. Example: cars can be classified as goods.

12 Services are activities which a person or group performs for another person or organization.

13 A doctor also performs a service by taking care of people when they are sick.

14 Business is a combination of all these activities: production, distribution, and sale.

15 Creation of profit or economic surplus is a major goal in the functioning of a business company.

16 Profit is the money that remains after all the expenses are paid.

17 Creating an economic surplus or profit is, therefore, a primary goal of all business activity.

18  claim (state, say, allege, declare)  advent (arrival, beginning, introduction, initiation)  barter (exchange, switch, swap)  evolution (development, growth, progress, advancement)

19 availability (accessibility, ease of use) profound (deep, intense, weighty, reflective, thoughtful) per-capita (per person, per head) provide (supply, make available, grant, endow with) reliable (consistent, steadfast, trustworthy, dependable) industries (commerce, production, engineering, manufacturing )

20  primary (main, chief, most important, key, prime, principal)  satisfaction (pleasure, approval, agreement)  fulfillment (completion, execution, accomplishment, implementation, realization)  concern (apprehension, unease, distress)  distinguish (differentiate, discriminate, make a distinction, discern )

21 commerce (trade, buying, selling, exchange) constitute (make up, comprise, compose, represent) aim at (intend to, expect) uncertainties (fears, suspicions, qualms, doubts) theft (robbery, burglary, thievery) distribute (allocate, give out, dispense)

22 Thank you.


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