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Journal #1: “What was I doing up here anyway? Why did I let Finny talk me into stupid things like this?” (5) Have you ever been in a situation where someone.

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Presentation on theme: "Journal #1: “What was I doing up here anyway? Why did I let Finny talk me into stupid things like this?” (5) Have you ever been in a situation where someone."— Presentation transcript:

1 Journal #1: “What was I doing up here anyway? Why did I let Finny talk me into stupid things like this?” (5) Have you ever been in a situation where someone talked you into doing something you did not want to do? When? Where? Why were you hesitant? What happened in the end? (And No! Writing a journal entry does not count.) Word of the Day: ab-jure (ăb-jŏŏr΄) To renounce under oath; forswear: The defendant abjured his previous testimony.

2 Journal #2: Could Leper have been left out of the novel? Explain in detail why or why not. In other words, if your answer is yes, explain how he is not significant to the overall theme of the novel. If your answer is no, explain how his character effectively contributes to the purpose of the novel. Word of the Day: ab-ro-gate (ăb΄rə-gāt΄) To abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority: We were told that this amendment to the Constitution meant that our existing rights could not be abrogated or denied by any form of government.

3 Journal #3: Creative Writing Beginning at the point of Gene’s last confession to Finny before he dies, write a different ending to the novel. Word of the Day: ab-ste-mi-ous (ăb-stē΄mē-əs) adjective 1. Eating and drinking in moderation: Mr. Brooke was an abstemious man, and to drink a second glass of wine was not characteristic of him. 2. Characterized by abstinence or moderation: The hermit led an abstemious way of life.

4 Journal #4: Defend or criticize Ralph’s actions as leader. What are his motivations? Do his choices as a leader contribute positively or negatively to any of the events that have taken place on the island so far? Word of the Day: ac-u-men (ăk΄yə-mən) Quickness and keenness of judgment or insight: “No, no, my dear Watson! With all respect for your natural acumen, I do not think that you are quite a match for my worthy doctor.”

5 Journal #5: Suppose the plot of Lord of the Flies involved a planeload of marooned girls, or a mixed group of girls and boys, instead of all boys. Do you think the same violent and cruel tendencies would have emerged on the island. Explain why or how. Word of the Day: an-te-bel-lum (ăn΄tē-bĕl΄əm) Belonging to the period before a war, especially the American Civil War: While vacationing in Georgia, we took a tour of stately antebellum houses.

6 Journal #6: Abraham Lincoln said, “Human nature can be modified to some extent but human nature cannot be changed.” Using examples from Lord of the Flies and from what you know of history and contemporary life, support or attack this statement. Word of the Day: aus-pi-cious (ô-spĭsh΄əs) Attended by favorable circumstances; propitious: My mom was in a good mood, so I thought it was an auspicious time to ask for a raise in my allowance.

7 Journal #7: Irony is an incongruity between what might be expected and what actually happens. William Golding using irony in Lord of the Flies to help develop the themes of his work. List as many instances of irony found in the novel as you can. Word of the Day: be-lie (bē-lī΄) To give a false representation to; misrepresent: He spoke roughly in order to belie his air of gentility. To show to be false; contradict: Their laughter belied their outward anger.

8 Journal #8: You hear a knock on the door. You answer. No one is there, but on the ground you see three items: a paper bag with something in it, a key, and a phone number written on the back of a business card. Create a story which reveals what’s in the bag, who left the items, and why? Word of the Day: bel-li-cose (bĕl΄ĭ-kōs΄) Warlike or hostile in manner or temperament: The nations exchanged bellicose rhetoric over the border dispute.

9 Journal #9: Quiz on Multi-Paragraph Terminology. Pick up quiz from Mrs. Mock. Word of the Day: bowd-ler-ize (bōd΄lə-rīz΄) To remove material that is considered objectionable or offensive from (a book, for example); expurgate: The publisher bowdlerized the bawdy 18th-century play for family audiences.

10 Journal #10: The Chinese proverb found in my fortune cookie stated, “What is right is often forgotten by what is convenient.” Explain how this proverb might also be relevant in our modern culture. Word of the Day: chi-can-er-y (shĭ-kā΄nə-rē) Deception by trickery or sophistry: “The successful man…who has risen by conscienceless swindling of his neighbors, by deceit and chicanery, by unscrupulous boldness and unscrupulous cunning, stands toward society as a dangerous wild beast.”

11 Journal #11: Emoticons 101: See if you can match the correct emoticon to it’s meaning, and then write a message to someone using at least three or more emoticons. (There are a few extra on the board, can you guess them– after our journal time?) A.:-)D. ;-)FrownSticking out tongue B.:-DE. :-PCrySmiley Face C.:-( F. :’(LaughThe Wink Word of the Day: chro-mo-some (krō΄ mə-sōm΄) A threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells that carries the genes and functions in the transmission of hereditary information: Chromosomes occur in pairs in all of the cells of eukaryotes except the reproductive cells.

12 Journal #12: Submit your ASP/LOTF Comparison Essay to the R drive. Word of the Day: No word for today!

13 Journal #13: Word of the Day: churl-ish (chûr΄lĭsh) Adjective 1.Of, like, or befitting a churl [a rude person]; boorish or vulgar. 2.Having a bad disposition; surly: “He is as valiant as the lion, churlish as the bear” (William Shakespeare, Troilus and Cressida). Based on your reading of 1984 thus far, provide a thorough description of Winston. (Some thoughts to consider are: What do you think of him so far? What do you know about his past and present circumstances? What do you think is most important to him. If you had to choose one adjective to describe him, what would it be and why?)

14 Journal #14: Like Winston, create a diary entry using at least ten of our 1984 vocabulary words. (You may visit my web page for the list.) Word of the Day: No word for today! Be sure to study the 1984 vocabulary for our test on “Book I” (9/25-B & 9/26/W)

15 Journal #15: Word of the Day: cir-cum-lo-cu-tion (sûr΄kəm-lō-kyōō΄shən) The use of unnecessarily wordy and indirect language: “There lives no man who at some period has not been tormented, for example, by an earnest desire to tantalize a listener by circumlocution.” Do you believe that the altering of identity and history through government intervention with technology is possible or even happening at present? Explain your opinion.

16 Journal #16: Explain the three slogans of the Party: War is Peace Freedom is Slavery Ignorance is Strength In relation to the novel, explain why are these slogans ironic? Word of the Day: cir-cum-nav-i-gate Transitive verb (sûr΄kəm-năv΄ĭ-gāt ΄) 1.To proceed completely around: “The whale he had struck must also have been on its travels; no doubt it had thrice circumnavigated the globe” (Herman Melville, Moby-Dick). 2. To go around; circumvent: “I circumnavigated the downtown traffic by taking side streets on the west side of town.”

17 Journal #17: Satire is defined as a literary work in which human vice or folly is attacked through irony, derision (ridicule), or wit (intelligence). Does Orwell’s 1984 fit this definition? Why or why not? Word of the Day: de-cid-u-ous (dĭ-sĭj΄ōō-əs) Adjective 1.Shedding or losing foliage at the end of the growing season: “Orange- picking begins in December and overlaps the pruning of the deciduous orchards” (Mary Austin, Art Influence in the West). 2. Falling off or shed at a specific season or stage of growth: “Male deer have deciduous antlers.” 3. Not lasting; ephemeral

18 Journal #18: Existentialism Existentialism is an intellectual movement that dominated post- World War II philosophy. It states that humans are alone in the universe without God, without hope, without meaning. Some adherents of existentialism believe that even though human existence has no ultimate meaning, human beings have the capacity—and the need—to create meaningful lives for themselves, and instead of giving up, each person must try to create his or her own meaning in life by making choices and acting upon them. Based on this information, do you think Winston is an existential character? Support your opinion with information from your reading of the novel. Word of the Day: del-e-te-ri-ous (dĕl΄ĭ-tÎr΄ē-əs) Adjective Having a harmful effect; injurious: “I will follow that system of regimen which, according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous.” (Hippocratic Oath)

19 Journal #19: How do you think your parent’s or guardian’s view would change if they had to live your life for one day? Word of the Day: dif- fi-dent (dĭf΄ĭ-dənt) Adjective Lacking or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid: “He was too diffident to do justice to himself; but when his natural shyness was overcome, his behavior gave every indication of an open affectionate heart” (Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility).

20 Journal #20: Go to the following Wikipedia link ( ma) and read the introductory information and the last section on the page entitled Military rule (1962–present). ma ma Word of the Day: en-er-vate (ĕn ʹ ər-vāt ʹ ) Transitive verb To weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of: “What is the nature of the luxury which enervates and destroys nations? (Henry David Thoreau, Walden). Now, read the article copied from the front page of the Sunday, Oct. 21, 2007 issue of The New York Times. In today’s journal, note all the characteristics related to the situation in Myanmar that are similar to those found in George Orwell’s 1984. Be prepared to share your response today.

21 Journal #21: “Every man's life ends the same way. It is only the details of how he lived and how he died that distinguish one man from another.” –Ernest Hemingway Word of the Day: en-fran-chise (ĕn-frăn΄chīz) Adjective 1.To endow with the rights of citizenship, especially the right to vote: Many people who were enfranchised were nonetheless unable to vote because of onerous [oppressive] poll taxes. 2. To free, as from slavery or bondage. What details about your life (or the life of someone else you know) distinguishes you (or them) from others?

22 Ernest Hemingway said, “A man can be destroyed but not defeated.” With this quote in mind, do you think that Hemingway’s statement reflects the philosophy of existentialism? Explain. Journal #22: Word of the Day: e-piph-a-ny (ĭ-pĭf΄ə-nē) Noun 1.Epiphany a. A Christian festival celebrating the manifestation of the divine nature of Jesus to the Gentiles as represented by the Magi. b. January 6, on which date this feast is traditionally observed. 2. A revelatory manifestation of a divine being. 3. A sudden manifestation of the essence or meaning of something; a revelation: “I experienced an epiphany, a spiritual flash that would change the way I viewed myself” (Frank Maier, Newsweek)

23 The most recent submission of The Sheet, AHS’s literary publication, featured clerihews [klareuh-hewz], which are four-line insults with an aabb rhyme scheme. Here are two examples: School tissue I can see through When I blow my nose It gets all over the place like an exploding hose. Mr. Brown once stumbled upon a thought, That it was better to teach than to be taught. But not just one class, he needed more. How ‘bout a lunch wave? He thought. Or how ‘bout all four?! Now write a clerihew of your own. Journal #23: Word of the Day: e-qui-nox (ĕk ʹ wə-nŏks ʹ ) Noun Either of the two times during a year when the sun crosses the celestial equator and when the length of day and night are approximately equal: The vernal equinox occurs on March 20 or 21, and the autumnal equinox occurs on September 22 or 23.

24 Journal #24: In Hemingway’s “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber,” who do you consider to be the story’s main predator and who is their prey– Francis, Wilson, Margot, the lion, the buffalo? Explain your opinion. Word of the Day: eu-ro or Eu-ro (yŏŏr ʹ ō) Noun The basic unit of currency among members of the European Monetary Union: Italy and France are two countries that have adopted the Euro.

25 Journal #25: Of the Nick Adams short stories you read for homework, which did you like most and which did you like least? Explain why? Word of the Day: ev-a-nes-cent (ĕv ʹ ə-nĕs ʹ ənt) Adjective Vanishing or likely to vanish like a vapor: “Most certainly I shall find this thought a horrible vision– a maddening, but evanescent dream” (Mary Woolstonecraft Shelley, The Last Man).

26 Journal #26: Word of the Day: ex-pur-gate (ĕk ʹ spər-gāt ʹ ) Transitive verb To remove erroneous, vulgar, obscene, or otherwise objectionable material from (a book, for example) before publication: The R-rated movie was expurgated before it was shown on network television. “Big Two-Hearted River” focuses on Nick Adams’ return to northern Michigan after his experiences in WWI. Knowing that Nick suffered physical and psychological wounding during the war (as evidenced in “A Way You’ll Never Be”), explain how you think “Big Two-Hearted River” is more than just a story about a man on a fishing trip. In other words, how do you think this story is an example of Hemingway’s iceberg principle– what do you think is really going on underneath the surface of the story?

27 Journal #27 NO JOURNAL TODAY! Submit Hemingway-esque short story to R: drive.

28 Journal #28: Today you will be reading two creation myths– from the Cheyenne culture and from the Hebrew culture, respectively. Each myth contains a motif– a recurring story feature. The Cheyenne myth features the “earth-diver” motif where a god sends a bird or animal to the depths of the ocean to bring back a bit of soil from which the earth can be created. Other motifs that can be found in myths from various cultures are: 1.the earth-diver figure later becomes the opponent of the creator god and brings evil into the world. 2.Creation is brought about by the uttering of words by the creator god 3.The earth is created from a cosmic egg, which resulted from the mating of the earth and sky 4.The slaying of a monster whose body becomes the world Do you know of any stories or myths that contain any of the motifs mentioned above? Explain. Word of the Day: fa-ce-tious (fə-sē ʹ shəs) Adjective Playfully jocular; humorous: The employee’s facetious remarks were not appreciated during the meeting.

29 Journal #29: Word of the Day: fat-u-ous (făch ʹ ŏŏ-əs) Adjective Foolish or silly, especially in a smug or self-satisfied way: “ ‘Don’t you like the poor lonely bachelor?’ he yammered in a fatuous way” (Sinclair Lewis, Main Street) We’ve read two creation myths in class (Cheyenne & Hebrew myths), and you have read the various Greek creation myths for homework. Now create an original creation myth of your own.

30 Journal #30: Word of the Day: feck-less (fĕk ʹ lĭs) Adjective 1. Lacking purpose or vitality; feeble or ineffective: “She glowered at the rows of feckless bodies that lay sprawled in the chairs.” 2. Careless or irresponsible: The feckless student turned in yet another late paper. For homework you were to have read the Greek myths of Demeter and Dionysus. Now you are ready to create a biopoem for one of these deities. Use the following line format for your poem: Line 1: Greek name Line 2: Four traits of character Line 3: Relative of (1-3 people) Line 4: Lover of (1-3 things or people) Line 5: Who feels (1-3 things) Line 6: Who needs (1-3 things) Line 7: Who fears (1-3 things) Line 8: Who gives (1-3 things) Line 9: Who would like to see (1-3 things) Line 10: Resident of Line 11: Roman name

31 Journal #31: Referencing the Day 3 Heroes Myth, Folktale, Fairytale, Epic, & Legend PowerPoint notes, explain how either Perseus or Theseus is a mythical hero. Be sure to address each of the characteristics and their quest as well. Word of the Day: fi-du-ci-ar-y (fĭ-dŏŏ ʹ shē-ĕr ʹ ē) Adjective a. Of or relating to a holding of something in trust for another b. Of or being trustee or trusteeship c. Held in trust

32 Journal #32: Quiz on reading of Greek tales about Hercules & Atalanta Word of the Day: fil-i-bus-ter (fĭl ʹ ə-bŭs ʹ tər) Noun or Verb 1. The use of obstructionist tactics, especially prolonged speechmaking, for the purpose of delaying legislative action. The senator’s filibuster lasted over 24 hours. / The senator decided to filibuster his way through the committee meeting. 2. An adventurer who engages in a private military action in a foreign country.

33 Journal #33: You have read in “The Quest for the Golden Fleece” how Medea sacrificed everything for Jason. Today we are going to read Euripides’ Medea in which we will found out how everything worked out for Jason, Medea, and their children. For today’s journal, write about a time when you sacrificed something of importance for someone else. What happened? How did everything work out in the end? Word of the Day: gam-ete (găm ʹ ēt or gə-mēt ʹ ) Noun A reproductive cell having the haploid number of chromosomes, especially a mature sperm or egg capable of fusing with a gamete of the opposite sex to produce the fertilized egg.

34 Journal #34: ??? Word of the Day: gauche (gōsh) Adjective Lacking grace or social polish; awkward or tactless: “A good man often appears gauche simply because he does not take advantage of the many opportunities of making himself look stylish.”

35 Journal #35: Welcome back! Describe (in great detail) your most memorable moment from the winter break. Word of the Day: ger-ry-man-der (jĕr ʹ ē-măn ʹ dĕr) Transitive Verb To divide (a geographical area) into voting districts so as to give unfair advantage to one party in elections. Noun 1. The act, process, or an instance of gerrymandering 2. A district or configuration of districts differing widely in size or population because of gerrymandering.

36 Journal #36: Explain why you believe reality TV shows like Survivor, The Bachelor, American Idol, and Next are so popular in our mass media today. (You may think of a few other reality shows that are also popular.) Word of the Day: he-gem-o-ny (hĭ-jĕm ʹ ə ʹ nē) Noun The predominant influence of a state, region, or group, over others: The hegemony of communism in Eastern Europe crumbled in the late 1980s.

37 Journal #37: When Oedipus first enters Thebes he solves the following riddle of the sphinx: “What walks on four legs in the morning, on two legs at noon, and three legs in the evening?” 1.Can you answer the riddle? Explain your answer. 2.Explain the irony that is evident when comparing this riddle to Teiresias’ riddle in lines 394-417 of Scene 1. Word of the Day: ho-mo-ge-ne-ous (hō ʹ mō-jē ʹ nəs) Adjective 1. Uniform in structure or composition 2. Of the same or similar nature or kind.

38 Journal #38: Journal #38 on handout; entire class discussion and submission. (R:/Mock English/Daily Journal and Word of the Day /Day 38 Daily Journal Activity.) Word of the Day: im-peach (ĭm-pēch ʹ ) Transitive Verb 1.To make an accusation against (a person); to charge (a public official) with improper conduct in office before a proper tribunal: The House of Representatives impeached Andrew Johnson in 1868 and Bill Clinton in 1998; neither was convicted. 2. To challenge the validity of; try to discredit: The lawyer impeached the witness’s credibility with a string of damaging questions.

39 Journal #39: (Substitute- 2W submit in writing / 2B submit on journal.) Agree or disagree with this assessment: "Oedipus's pride prevents him from seeing the truth, and this is why he takes such a fall. Oedipus is blinded by his pride and cannot accept that he could not avoid his fate. The irony is that the only time Oedipus is not blinded by his pride, is when he blinds himself physically.” Provide explanation to support your opinion. Words of the Day: hu-bris (hyōō ʹ brĭs)– Noun Overbearing pride or presumption; arrogance: “There is no safety in unlimited technological hubris.” (McGeorge Bunday, New York Times Magazine). hy-pot-e-nuse (hī-pŏt ʹ n-ōōs)-- Noun The side of a right triangle opposite the right angle

40 Journal #40: On the Oedipus Part II Discussion Questions, you were given the Five Stages of the Tragic Hero: 1. High Social Position 2. Fatal Flaw 3. Fall From High Social Position 3. Realization/Acquires Knowledge (usually the climax of the play) 4. Death/Exile What exactly do you believe to be Oedipus's "tragic flaw“– his arrogance? his unrelenting desire for truth? his desire to be, again, the savior of Thebes? his striving against the gods and fate? Explain. Words of the Day: (ĭn ʹ kŏg-nē ʹ tō) Adjective or Adverb: With one’s identity disguised or concealed: The spy traveled incognito into enemy territory. Noun: The identity assumed by a person whose actual identity is disguised or concealed 2. in-con-tro-vert-i-ble (ĭn-kŏn ʹ trə-vûr ʹ tə-bəl)– Adjective Impossible to dispute; unquestionable: The lawyer presented incontrovertible proof of her client’s innocence.

41 Journal #41: Read the Who’s The Better Foil handout in the R: drive and then respond to the following questions: 1. How are Creon and Tiresias both foils of Oedipus? In other words how are they different from Oedipus? (You can make a comparison list or chart.) 2. Of the two, who is the more effective at bringing to our notice O's personality traits? Explain. Word of the Day: in-cul-cate (ĭn-kŭl ʹ kāt ʹ )– Transitive Verb 1. To impress (something) upon the mind of another by frequent instruction or repetition; instill: “In the jungle might is right, nor does it take long to inculcate this axiom in the mind of a jungle dweller, regardless of what his past training has been” 2. To teach (others) by frequent instruction or repetition; indoctrinate: inculcate the young with a sense of duty.

42 Journal #42: Observation: In our society, it is customary that we accept the laws and rules that have been established by those who are in a position of authority – government officials, judges, law enforcement officers, teachers, parents, ministers, etc. It is also customary for us to conform to behavior that is considered “morally acceptable” by the majority in our society (e.g. beating young children and acting cruelly towards animals is frowned on by many). Question: When we know that those in power are morally wrong, should we break their laws (and if so, under what circumstances would doing so be acceptable), or should we collaborate with them by obeying (after all, weren’t their laws established for our good)? Explain your opinion. Word of the Day: in-fra-struc-ture (ĭn ʹ frə-strŭk ʹ chər) Noun 1.The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society: “To be fair, none of us really knows how much the country’s infrastructure– services to the desperate underclass– had improved during the ten years from when we left until the Revolution.” 2. The basic system or underlying structure of an organization

43 Journal #43: Make a chart of the Pros and Cons regarding the defiance of established authority for the sake of following our conscience. (I’ve given you one Pro and one Con as an example.) Your list should include as many as you can think of. ProsCons 1. defiance may bring about change 1. defiance may result in punishment or death 2. 3. 4. Word of the Day: in-ter-po-late (ĭn-tûr ʹ pə-lāt ʹ ) Verb 1. To insert or introduce between others elements or parts; 2. To insert (material) into a text; to insert into a conversation; 3. To change or falsify (a text) with new or incorrect material; 4. Mathematics To estimate a value of (a function or series) between two known values: The researchers had actual statistics for the years of 1998, 2000, and 2002, and they interpolated the values for 1999 and 2001.

44 Journal #44: Read lines 21 – 35 of Creon’s speech to the Chorus in Antigone. Sophocles’ Greek audience might have read between the lines. They might have seen some political commentary. After all, Athens was a democracy, but there were memories of its previous rulers, who worked hard to preserve their family identities-and their family welfare. Even in the democracy, aristocratic families were known to promote their own interests. Explain why it would have been advantageous for Creon to distance himself from Polyneices, a rebellious family member, and speak out against nepotism (favoritism granted to family members or good friends regardless of their merit). Word of the Day: i-ro-ny (ī ʹ rə-nē or ī ʹ ər-nē) Noun 1. The use of words to express something different from and often opposite to their literal meaning (verbal irony); 2. Incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs (situational irony); 3. The dramatic effect achieved by leading an audience to understand an incongruity between a situation, while the characters in the play remain unaware of the incongruity (dramatic irony)

45 Journal #45: The German philosopher Hegel stated that Antigone represents the tragic collision of right against right, with both sides equally justified. Do you agree with this interpretation? Why or why not? Words of the Day: je-june (jə-jōōn)-- Adjective: 1. N ot interesting; dull 2. Lacking maturity; childish: The coach was dismayed at the players’ jejune behavior after they won the game. 3. Lacking in nutrition: The sickly child suffered from a jejune diet. kow-tow (kou-tou ʹ )– Transitive Verb 1. To kneel and touch the forehead to the ground in expression of deep respect, worship, or submission, as formerly done in China 2. To show servile deference: Because everyone on staff was afraid of being laid off, they all kowtowed to their strict boss.

46 Journal #46: Submit a copy of only your introduction to the R:drive / Mock English / Oedipus & Antigone/ Antigone Introductions. We will be discussing these on the overhead in class, so if you do not want us to know which introduction is yours, give the file an anonymous type title (e.g. Guess Who Intro.doc). Words of the Day: lais-sez faire (lĕs ʹ ā fâr ʹ )– Noun 1. An economic doctrine that opposes governmental regulation of or interference in commerce beyond the minimum necessary for a free-enterprise system to operate according to its own economic laws. 2. Noninterference in the affairs of others. lex-i-con (lĕk ʹ sĭ-kŏn ʹ )– Noun 1. A dictionary 2. A stock of terms used in a particular profession, subject, or style; a vocabulary : The lexicon of anatomy includes terms such as “aorta” and “duodenum.”

47 Journal #47: 1.Submit your final draft of your Antigone essay to the R:drive. Be sure to save it as: Your first name Antigone.doc. 2. Do you believe that men and women should marry persons of a similar social and economic status as themselves? Why or why not? Explain. Words of the Day: 1.lo-qua-cious (lō-kwā ʹ shəs)– adjective Very talkative; garrulous: The loquacious barber always told stories while cutting the customers’ hair. 2. lu-gu-bri-ous (lŏŏ-gōō ʹ brē-əs)– adjective Mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially to an exaggerated or ludicrous degree: “This croak was as lugubrious as a coffin” (Stephen Crane, The Sergeant’s Private Madhouse).

48 Journal #48: What does Claudio mean in his lines below? Do you agree or disagree? Why? "Friendship is constant in all other things Save in the office and affairs of love. Therefore all hearts in love use their own tongues; Let every eye negotiate for itself And trust no agent; for beauty is a witch Against whose charms faith melteth into blood." (II, i) Words of the Day: 1. met-a-mor-pho-sis (mět ʹ ə-môr ʹ fə-sĭs)– noun A marked change in appearance, character, condition, or function; a transformation: “I sought out the myths of metamorphosis, tales of the weaver Arachne, who hanged herself and was changed by Athena into a spider.” 2. mi-to-sis (mī-tō ʹ sĭs)– noun The process in cell division by which the nucleus divides, typically consisting of four stages, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase, and normally resulting in two new nuclei, each of which contains a complete copy of the paternal chromosomes.

49 Journal #49: If you all did the Guided Questions for Act III, then the class has earned a pass for today’s journal. Yea! But, if not, then you all must respond to the following: Why do you think Claudio and Don Pedro are so easily tricked by Don John? Is their gullibility believable? Why or why not? Words of the Day: (moi ʹ ĭ-tē)-- noun A half: “Tom divided the cake and Becky ate with good appetite, while Tom nibbled at his moiety” (Mark Twain, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer); A part, portion, or share 2. nan-o-tech-nol-o-gy (năn ʹ ə-tĕk-nŏl ʹ ə-jē)—noun The science and technology of building devices, such as electronic circuits, from individual atoms and molecules

50 Journal #50: Journal #50: Substitute– no journal entry for today. Word of the Day: ni-hil-ism (nī ʹ ə-lĭz’əm or nē ʹ ə-lĭz ʹ əm) –noun 1. Philosophy-- An extreme form of skepticism that denies that existence is real: “Nihilism is not only despair and negation, but above all the desire to despair and to negate” (Albert Camus, The Rebel) 2. The rejection of all distinctions in moral and religious value and a willingness to repudiate all previous theories of morality and religious belief. 3. The belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement. 4. Psychology– A delusion that the world or one’s mind, body, or self does not exist. 5. Nihilism A movement of mid-19th-century Russia that scorned authority and believed in reason, materialism, and radical change in society through terrorism and assassination.

51 Journal #51: Directions: Some of the following sentences are out of balance. Bring balance to them by putting the ideas in parallel form. You may need to delete or add some words. 1. Athens, the capital of Greece, is known for its ancient ruins, busy lifestyle, and enjoying fine Greek food. 2. We like swimming in the summer, to ride horses, and cycling. 3. Overheated by the sun and with dehydration, I stopped running at mile seven in the July 4th road race. 4. Charles finally told his wife that he wanted to go skiing, soak in the hot tub, and always avoid working. 5. Before going onto the stage and she heard the opening applause, Thea was very nervous. 6. Alex went to the party for the food, the entertainment, and to meet people who might become customers. Words of the Day: (nō ʹ mən-klā ʹ chər) – noun A system of names used in art or science: The nomenclature of mineralogy is a classification of types of rock. 2. non-sec-tar-i-an (nŏn ʹ sĕk-târ ʹ ē-ən) – adjective Not limited to or associated with a particular religious denomination: The airport chapel conducts nonsectarian services daily.

52 Journal #52: If you were asked to audition for a performance of Shakespeare’s Much Ado, which character would you rather play– Beatrice, Hero, Benedick, Leonato, Claudio, Don Pedro, Borachio, or Don John– and why? Word of the Day: (nō ʹ tə-rīz ʹ ) Transitive Verb- - To certify or attest to (the validity of a signature on a document, for example) as a notary public: Before I submitted the sales agreement at the real estate office, it had to be notarized. 2. ob-se-qui-ous (ŏb ʹ sē ʹ kwē-əs) Adjective-- Full of or exhibiting servile compliance; fawning: The movie star was surrounded by a large group of obsequious assistants.

53 Journal #53: Read the excerpts from “Their Eyes as Blues Performance” article (in R drive). Explain how the ideas presented in the article relate to the paragraph in Chapter One that begins with, Read the excerpts from “Their Eyes as Blues Performance” article (in R drive). Explain how the ideas presented in the article relate to the paragraph in Chapter One that begins with, “She was stretched on her back beneath the pear tree soaking in the alto chant of the visiting bees,...” Words of the Day: ol-i-gar-chy (ŏl ʹ ĭ-gär ʹ kē or ō ʹ lĭ-gär ʹ kē )– noun Government by a few, especially by a small faction of persons or families: “They that are displeased with aristocracy call it oligarchy.” om-nip-o-tent (ŏm-nĭp ʹ ə-tənt)– adjective Having unlimited or universal power, authority, or force; all-powerful: “I began to instruct him in the knowledge of the true God…that He was omnipotent, and could do everything for us, give everything to us, take everything from us.”

54 Journal #54  When Janie says something “fell off the shelf inside her,” what realization do you think she has made?  What do you think Janie means when she says she “took a great bow to the outside world”? Words of the Day: or-thog-ra-phy (ôr-thŏg ʹ rə-fē)-- noun The art or study of correct spelling according to established usage. 2. The aspect of language study concerned with letters and their sequences in words. 3. A method of representing a language or the sounds of language by written symbols; spelling: The orthography of Spanish includes the letters í and ñ. ox-i-dize (ŏk ʹ sĭ-dīz ʹ ) To combine with oxygen; make into an oxide: The metal fender had begun to oxidize, as evidenced by the large rust stains. 2. To increase the positive charge or valence of (an element) by removing electrons.

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