Presentation on theme: "Project My native town Ruzaevka. Present and Past. Produced by:Layutkina Irina. Form 6 A Teacher: Saushina.O.N."— Presentation transcript:
Project My native town Ruzaevka. Present and Past. Produced by:Layutkina Irina. Form 6 A Teacher: Saushina.O.N
The aims of project: To tell about the Present and the Past of my native land,town Ruzaevka to foreign people-participants of world football champion ship. To interest foreign tourists to visit Ruzaevka. Tasks: To learn more about the unknown facts in a history of my town. To find intresting views in my moden town to show tourists. Hypose: If I know and tell interesting facts the people of other countries about my town,it will help my town to develop with aim to be liked to tourists,and this buisness give profit for development of my native town.
There are many monuments in Ruzaevka These are monuments to soldiers whose have been died during the Second World War.
The central street of our town is beautifully decorated with square. It makes our town very beautiful and nice. The central street of our town is beautifully decorated with square. It makes our town very beautiful and nice.
There are many cultural places in our town: the Home of culture, cinema, libraries, the park of culture and rest and the monuments of old architecture, churchs.
Some famous people from my town are Sidelnikov, Antonova, Mishin.
There are many sport buildings in my town. It is swimming pool, palace of sport,stadium
My favourite place in my town is central street. I like my town very much because it”s my native town.
But my town has deep roots and I want tell you about it”s history.
History of Ruzaevka The name of our town Ruzaevka Republic Mordovia occurs on behalf of Temnikov murza Urozay whom this village was granted in 1631 (the first mention). Since 1783 it has been mentioned as the village Ruzaevka. In the second half of 18 century the village Ruzaevka (being called also "Razuvayevka“) belonged to N.E.Struyskiy, the friend of artist F.S. Rokotov working in Ruzaevka. There was a palace which which was designed by Franchesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli and one of the Russia's first provincial private printing houses.
Тихон Лукин - Originally the village of Ruzaevka (now within the city) was a part of Saransk district submitting to the Moscow order of the Kazan palace. Since 1708 it was registered as a part of the Azov province, and since 1710 — in Kazan. Since 1780 Ruzaevka submitted to the Shishkeevskiy district of Penza namestnichestvo, and with 1801 — to the Insarskiy district of Penza province. Since March, 1918 the Ruzayevka district is allocated in an independent administrative unit
. More than hundred years (1757 — 1861) Ruzaevka belonged to rich landowners landlords Struysky. Struysky – an ancient noble sort, but his representatives were people not high-high-ranking. Nikolay Struysky lived more part of his life in Ruzaevka – a manor in the Insarsky district of the Penza province. When he was young at empress Ekaterina Alekseevna he served from 1763 to 1711 in leyb-guard Preobrazhenskiy regiment, but hisw military career wasn't set. Since 1768, Struysky was in long-term holidays on family circumstances. In 1769 his wife olympiada sergeevna Balbekov died. Judging byhis verses, he deeply endured loss of the spouse which passionately loved. In the same year their littlev daughter Praskoviya, and in the following year their son Alexander died. N.E.Struysky in a short space of time lost all family. And it, of course, couldn't but affect a state of mind of the poet. Nickolai Eremeevich Struiskiy
At the same time, the writing of verses and their edition in own printing house in which printed the verses on expensive paper became original passion of the richest Penza landowner. It gave the beautifully decorated works to Ekaterina 2 admiring ruzayevsky masterpieces. The empress as a token of gratitude handed over to the ruzayevsky publisher a ring with a brilliant..
After Pugachevshchina Struyskiy have built up the enormous two-storeyed building of a mansion in Ruzaevka on a place, where now high school No. 9. Rooms of the two-storeyed palace were painted with pictures of serf artist A.Zyablov, the pupil of the Russian portrait painter F.S. Rokotovn. Descendants told that for one only iron for a roof their ancestor gave to the merchant the village situated near Moscow to 300 souls. The farmstead complex surrounded ancient park with two ponds. The beautiful fir-tree avenue with a greenhouse, a winter garden and a dance hall was the central axis of a manor. Centenary lindens framed all park, the palace, numerous economic constructions and two churches.
In struiskiy’s house famouse poet Alexander Ivanovich Polezhaev was born on the 30 th of August in 1804 (1804-1838гг.). His mother Agraphena Ivanovna Phyodorova was a slavewoman.His father was Leontiy Nickolaevich Struiskiy. Alexander Ivanovich Polezhaev
The revolution of 1905 year 10 on December (23), 1905 under the direction of stachechny committee led by the driver of locomotive depot Afasy Petrovitch Baykuzov the strike as a result of which the power in the settlement and at the nearest railway stations passed to workers here began. Merchants and other businessmen were imposed with contribution, the bank notes – bonds are entered. The order was supported by a fighting team under the leadership of L.E.Vitsman. The power of stachesny committee became history of revolution under the name "Ruzayevsky Republic" which existed till December 21, 1905 (on January 3, 1906). Events of this period are well described in M.T.Petrov's books "Great months" and F.K.Andrianov "A glow over Ruzaevka", C.H. Zarkhiya "The president "Ruzayevska republic" and other editions, and artist I.I.Sidelnikov wrote a big picture "Ruzaevka. 1905". Ruzaevka for many years was considered as a smithy of qualification workers. In 1905 it became one of the centers of revolutionary movement, having actively supported revolt of the Moscow workers.
At the beginning of the 1890th years through Ruzaevka there passed the railroad of the Moscow and Kazan direction, and it turned into a large railway junction, with workshops, dirt and a coal dust Events of this period are well described in M.T.Petrov's books "Great months" and F.K.Andrianov "A glow over Ruzaevka", C.H. Zarkhiya "The president "Ruzayevska republic" and other editions, and artist I.I.Sidelnikov wrote a big picture "Ruzaevka. 1905".
Ruzaevka-railway town In the second part of the 19th century, the railway road was buit on the territjry of Mordovia, which connected Moscow and Kazan/ In 1893 year Kazan line was finished. Originally Ruzaevka was railway knot.
Ruzaevka in 1941-1945гг Military echelons went day and night through station. Train crews showed miracles of endurance, original heroism. Ruzayevtsa sheltered, fed and endow hundreds evacuated, surrounded with care of wounded fighters. To the front, to the besieged Leningrad went and there were parcels with products and warm things, to cleared regions of the western regions of the country – construction materials and mechanisms. Ruzayevtsa helped to restore Stalingrad, Donbass.
Conjuction I proud of my town it ’s history and it’s present life/ People of this town are noble and habourful
Литература 1. Рузаевка: История и современность. Люди и судьбы/ Авт.-сост.: Ф.К.Андрианов, Т.С.Баргова, М.Н. Бычков, И.С. Моисеев; Редкол.: А.Н.Старцев, Ю.Н.Лобода, И.С. Моисеев, Т.С.Баргова (гл.ред.); Фот. Э.Ретунского, Ф.Маскаева, В.Конищева и др. - Саранск: Мордов. кн. изд-во, 2004. - 416с. Ресурсы интернета: http://artnow.ru/ru/gallery/3/24246/picture/0/576836.html http://old.e-mordovia.ru/aboutMordovia/regions/ruzaevka/history.php