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MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Himadri Pakrasi Director

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Presentation on theme: "MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Himadri Pakrasi Director"— Presentation transcript:

1 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Himadri Pakrasi Director

2 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 University Statement Issues related to energy, environment and sustainability present grand challenges for people of the 21 st century. Washington University in St. Louis with its community of scholars is addressing these issues through education, research and outreach. The University will seek and define best practices in its own operations and aspires to be a model for others in responsible use of energy and other resources. Through innovative research activities, the University will contribute to the creation of new knowledge needed to achieve a bright and sustainable future and will foster collaborations regionally, nationally and internationally to bring about rapid progress. Washington University will prepare tomorrow’s leaders and innovators engaged in securing abundant, affordable energy while preserving the environment and advancing economic and social development for the nation and our world. Mark S. Wrighton, Chancellor, June 1, 2007

3 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09

4 I-CARES was created in 2007 to encourage and coordinate university-wide and external collaborative research in the areas of global renewable energy and sustainability. A key initial goal of I-CARES is to foster institutional, regional and international research on the development and production of biofuels from plant and microbial systems and the exploration of sustainable alternative energy and environmental systems and practices. Institutional: At the institutional level, from basic science to the business of the greening of America, all faculty from all departments and schools are invited to work in partnership with I-CARES to address the immense energy, environment and sustainability challenges of the 21 st century.

5 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Regional: I-CARES will coordinate research efforts at the University and work with other organizations in the greater St. Louis region and elsewhere in Missouri to explore alternative energy sources and to develop novel products, applications and sustainability practices. Sponsorships will be developed with energy and technology companies and other corporate supporters, as well. International: I-CARES will encourage international collaborative research on energy and environmental issues by working closely with a global partnership of leading universities forged recently by the University’s McDonnell International Scholars Academy. The McDonnell Academy Global Energy and Environment Partnership (MAGEEP) is an international consortium of 25 universities and corporate partners that supports the development of innovative ideas in collaborative education and a wide range of research activities in energy and environmental areas.

6 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 External Advisory Committee Gregory H. Boyce, CEO, Peabody Energy Daniel F. Cole, Senior VP, Ameren Corporation Robert T. Fraley, Executive VP and CTO, Monsanto Carl Hausmann, CEO, Bunge North America Ganesh Kishore, Managing Director, Burrill & Company Randall Ledford, Senior VP and CTO, Emerson Steven F. Leer, CEO, Arch Coal Jon McIntyre, VP Research and Development, Solae Shaker Sadasivam, Senior VP R&D, MEMC Electronic Materials, Inc. Martha A. Schlicher, VP, Renewable Agricultural Energy. John Stier, Group Director Environmental Affairs, Anheuser-Busch, Inc. Mark D. Stowers, VP Research & Development, Poet S. Richard Tolman, CEO, National Corn Growers Association

7 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 New Resources ~$70 Million for a New Building on the Danforth Campus At least $2.5 Million over five years for support of the International Center for Advanced Renewable Energy and Sustainability $14M to endow seven new professorships in key areas of research of importance to the Center + ~$3M in start up costs $800,000 to support development of international projects with the McDonnell Academy partners >$500,000 over five years to support the new Sustainability Officer

8 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 McDonnell International Scholars Academy A Global Partnership for Research and Education

9 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 McDonnell Academy University Partners Bogazici University Budapest University of Technology and Economics China Agricultural University Chinese University of Hong Kong Chulalongkorn University Fudan University IDC Herzliya Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Jawaharlal Nehru University Korea University Middle East Technical University National Taiwan University National University of Singapore Peking University Seoul National University Tata Institute of Social Sciences Technion - Israel Institute of Technology Tsinghua University University of Campinas University of Chile University of Hong Kong University of Indonesia University of Tokyo Utrecht University Yonsei University

10 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Steven Leer, Steven Chu, Mark Wrighton, John McDonnell Hong Kong, December 9, 2008

11 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Washington University’s Tyson Research Center A ‘Laboratory’ for Environmental Research Teaching and Outreach on Environmental Sustainability A showcase for sustainable facilities and technologies

12 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Washington University's Tyson Research Center Washington University's Tyson Research Center is a ~2,000-acre field station located 20 miles from the Danforth campus. Located just outside of the St. Louis metropolitan area and in close proximity to a wide variety of other natural areas, Tyson provides a unique opportunity for environmental research and education. Tyson's mission is to provide a living landscape for environmental research and education as a component of Washington University's International Center for Advanced Renewal Energy and Sustainability (I-CARES). Tyson provides: An outdoor laboratory for important research and teaching opportunities from Washington University and other nearby institutions A landscape-scale experimental venue for studies on ecosystem sustainability Research and educational opportunities for undergraduate and graduate students related to the environment and sustainability

13 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Looking into the future Nathan Lewis, Ph.D. (right), the George L. Argyros Professor of Chemistry at the California Institute of Technology, spoke to a large crowd Sept. 23 for the International Center for Advanced Renewable Energy and Sustainability (I-CARES). His lecture, "Where in the World Will Our Energy Come From?" examined a range of alternative energy issues and was very popular among students and faculty. Afterward, director of I-CARES Himadri B. Pakrasi, Ph.D. (left), the George William and Irene Koechig Professor of Biology in Arts & Sciences and professor of energy in the School of Engineering & Applied Science, and Chancellor Mark S. Wrighton survey the crowd with Lewis. I-CARES Distinguished Speaker Series

14 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09

15 November 14, 2008 Eric P. Newman Education Center Washington University in St. Louis The U.S. Ethanol Industry Brief history and evolution of the ethanol industry in the U.S. Challenges facing the industry. Keynote Speaker Mark Stowers, VP-R&D, POET The Profitability of Corn Ethanol Processing Discuss the production and scale of corn ethanol processing. Characteristics of a profitable ethanol plant - location of firms, size of firms, transportation costs of inputs, etc. Efficient production processes. Provide some statistics on firm location, size, and profitability across the Midwest. What are the challenges facing ethanol producers? Paul Gallagher, Department of Economics, Iowa State University The Costs and Benefits of Corn Ethanol as a Fuel Sources Environmental effects of production, energy balance with fossil fuels, effects on food prices, subsidy rate relative to oil/gas, and impact on farmer production decisions (e.g. cattle vs. corn) Douglas Tiffany, Dept. of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota The Impact of the Ethanol Boom on Rural America Provide evidence on the economic effects of the ethanol boom on small town in the Midwest. Is ethanol a viable, long- run prospect for economic development? Jason Henderson, FRB Kansas City – Omaha Branch The Future of Biofuel Can corn ethanol be a long-run viable industry in the U.S.? Discuss the political economy of ethanol subsidies and regulation. What are the prospects for other biofuels, such as switchgrass, algae, etc.? Jerry Taylor, CATO Institute; Rick Tolman, CEO, National Corn Growers Association; Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes, Dept. of Agricultural Economics – University of Missouri – Columbia

16 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Bioenergy

17 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 light Carbon Dioxide Oxygen Global Photosynthesis

18 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Bioenergy Research Activities at I-CARES Missouri Bioenergy Research Consortium (MBRC) Funding from the State of Missouri

19 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09


21 National Geographic, October 2007

22 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 National Geographic, October 2007

23 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Algae as sustainable sources of biofuels and biomaterial

24 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Alternate Fuels for use in Commercial Aircraft (2007) Daggett (Boeing), Hendricks (NASA), Walther (Munich) and Corporan (Airforce) Sustainability “A recent trend has been to develop soybean crops as feedstock for lipid (i.e. oil-based) biofuels. However, in order to create sufficient farm land capacities, deforestation, using slash and burn practices, can take an extreme toll on rainforests. The resulting CO 2 emissions are anticipated to exacerbate global warming issues. Thus, great care has to be taken to assure that bio-feedstock is sustainable and will not cause new anthropogenic issues through deforestation.”

25 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 “One promising feedstock is algae. This feedstock is projected to produce anywhere from 10k to 20k gallons/acre/year of bio-derived oil. With such a high production rate, algae could produce 150-300 times more oil than a crop of soybeans.” “With the potential for algae of providing 10,000 gal/acre/year, some 85 billion gallons of bio-jet could be produced on a landmass equivalent to the size of the US state of Maryland. Moreover, if these bio-jet fuels were fully compatible with legacy aircraft, it would be sufficient to supply the present world’s fleet with 100 percent of their fuel needs as well into the future.”

26 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Land requirements for transportation fuels from various photosynthetic organisms

27 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 High-end tubular photobioreactor in Nové Hrady, CZ 1000 L pilot ‐ scale BIOCOIL at Murdoch University, Australia. Spirulina Production Ponds, India

28 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Controlled Cultivation

29 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 A photobioreactor system for precision cultivation of photoautotrophic microorganisms and for high-content analysis of suspension dynamics Nedbal, Trtílek, Cerveny, Komárek and Pakrasi; Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 2008 Lab scale photobioreactor

30 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Screening / optimization using a battery of small bioreactors

31 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Consortium for Clean Coal Utilization Ameren UE Arch Coal Peabody Energy $12 Millions/5 years

32 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Strategy to Accomplish Mission  Establish Washington University as a Center for Clean Coal Research  Establish State-of-the Art Research Facility  Research Scale and Pilot Scale Coal Facilities on the WUStL Campus  Expand to Include Greater Range of Facilities  Fund Research Consistent with the Mission of the Consortium  Collaborate with Industry and Universities internationally  Hold Annual Meetings with Consortium Members (in conjunction with MAGEEP)  Hold Workshops and Short Courses on Topical Areas of Interest  Publicize to Promote Public Awareness Consortium for Clean Coal Utilization

33 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 CO 2 coal biomass CO 2 solar storage bioreactor liquid fuels wind steam turbine O2O2 oxy-fuel combustor Conceptual Drawing of Research Power Plant

34 MO Energy Summit, 4-22-09 Thank You!

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