Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Key Issue 2: Why Do Religions Have Different Distributions?

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Key Issue 2: Why Do Religions Have Different Distributions?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Key Issue 2: Why Do Religions Have Different Distributions?

2 Origin of Universalizing Religions
Each can be traced to a man who lived since the start of recorded history Buddhism Christianity Islam Origin of Universalizing Religions

3 Origin of Christianity
Jesus The four Gospels of the Christian Bible Matthew Mark Luke John Origin of Christianity

4 Accept the teachings of the Bible as well as the authority of the Church hierarchy (the Pope)
7 sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Penance, Anointing the Sick, Matrimony, Holy Orders, and the Eucharist) transubstantiation Roman Catholics

5 Eastern Orthodoxy Split from the Roman Catholic Church
Patriarch of Constantinople Accept the 7 Sacraments, but reject doctrines added by the Roman Catholics after the 8th Century Eastern Orthodoxy St. Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow Capernaum

6 Protestantism The Reformation Martin Luther’s 95 Theses
Individuals directly communicate with God…don’t have to go through a priest/Pope Protestantism

7 Origin: similar narrative to Judaism and Christianity; Adam – Abraham
Hagar and Ishmael Second wife and son Banished Makkah/Mecca Origin of Islam

8 Muhammad Born about A.D. 570 The visions Arabic and the Quran
The Hijra Sunni and Shiite Muslims Muhammad

9 Origin of Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama
Born a prince in 563 B.C. in present day Nepal The Buddha, “the Enlightened One” Spread the message in India Origin of Buddhism

10 Origin of Hinduism No specific founder
Existed prior to recorded history Invasion of the Aryan tribes from Central Asia into India (1400 B.C.) Religion mixed with the Dravidians (who already lived there) This became Hinduism Origin of Hinduism

11 Diffusion of Religions

12 Diffusion of Christianity
Christianity diffused through all forms of diffusion: Relocation Diffusion Contagious Diffusion Hierarchical in the 4th Century Since the year 1500, missionary activity by Europeans extended Christianity to other regions of the world Diffusion of Christianity


14 Diffusion of Islam Hierarchical diffusion: Muslim armies
Relocation: missionaries to sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia Diffusion of Islam

15 Lack of Diffusion of Ethnic Religions
Most have limited diffusion They lack missionaries to go out and try to convert Mingling of Ethnic and Universalizing Religions: Africa: in some places Christianity is mixed with the traditional religion Japan: Buddhism is mixed with Shintoism Lack of Diffusion of Ethnic Religions

16 Judaism: An Exception Judaism is practiced in many countries Diaspora
Ghettos Following the Holocaust Judaism: An Exception

17 Ethnic Religion’s holy places derive from the distinctive physical environment of their hearths
Universalizing Religions endow with holiness cities and places associated with their founders’ lives. Holy Places

18 Buddhist Shrines Eight locations of important events in Buddha’s life
Example: Bodh Gaya, where he reached enlightenment Buddhist Shrines

19 Holy Places in Islam Holiest places: cities associated with Muhammad
Makkah: the Ka’ba The Hajj Medina Holy Places in Islam

20 The Darbar Sahib, or Golden Temple
Holy Places in Sikhism

21 Holy Places in Hinduism
Closely tied to the physical geography in India Natural features rank as holy: river banks or coastlines A tirtha The Ganges Holy Places in Hinduism

22 Cosmogony in Ethnic Religions
Cosmogony: a set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe Yin (earth, darkness, female, etc.) Yang (heaven, light, male, etc.) Cosmogony in Ethnic Religions

23 The Calendar in Ethnic Religions
A prominent feature is the celebration of the seasons The Jewish Calendar agricultural Lunar calendar The Solstice Pagan religions Stonehenge The Calendar in Ethnic Religions

24 The Calendar in Universalizing Religions
Holidays: commemorate events in the founder’s life Climate and agricultural cycle are not central to the liturgy and rituals The Calendar in Universalizing Religions

25 So……… Why do different religions have different distributions?

Download ppt "Key Issue 2: Why Do Religions Have Different Distributions?"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google